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The National Guard (Spanish: Guardia Nacional) is a Mexican gendarmerie with national police functions created in 2019.[1] The National Guard was formed by absorbing units and officers from the Federal Police, Military Police, and Naval Police.[1][2]

National Guard of the United Mexican States
Guardia Nacional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Escudo oficial Guardia Nacional México.png
Door decal of the National Guard
Escudo Guardia Nacional EUM.png
Seal of the National Guard.
AbbreviationGN
Agency overview
FormedMay 26, 2019
Preceding agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agencyMexico
Operations jurisdictionMexico
Governing bodyDepartment of Security and Civil Protection
General nature

Agency executive
  • Luis Rodríguez Bucio, Commander

CreationEdit

Before becoming President of Mexico, Andrés Manual López Obrador campaigned on a promise to take the military off the streets of Mexico.[2] Shortly after getting into office, Obrador released a plan to create the National Guard under control of the Mexican Armed Forces which would be in charge of "preventing and combating crime".[2][3] Obrador stated that the new National Guard would be critical to solving Mexico's ongoing security crisis.[1][4]

On 28 February, the Mexico's national legislature voted to approve a 60,000-member national guard.[4] On 30 June 2019, the National Guard was officially established.[5]

The new National Guard, defacto successor to a similar formation raised in 1821 and abolished in 1935, is composed today of personnel from:[citation needed]

  • the National Gendarmerie and Federal Forces Divisions of the Federal Police
  • the Presidential Guards Military Police Brigade, three other military police brigades and regional MP battalions of the Mexican Army
  • Naval Police battalions under the Mexican Navy

Deployment at borderEdit

President of the United States, Donald Trump, threatened to raise tariffs on Mexico if it did not help to curb migration to the United States.[6][7] In early June 2019, as part of a deal the United States, Mexico agreed to deploy the newly formed National Guard to their border with Guatemala.[6][7][8] While the guard was always intended to enforce immigration policy, it was not intended to do so as soon as announced.[6][7]

Command structureEdit

The law assigns the ultimate command of the National Guard to the Secretary of Security and Civilian Protection.[5]

According to article 12 of the Law of the National Guard, the National Guard is organized on five command levels:[9]

  • Secretary of Security and Civilian Protection;
  • Operational Commander;
  • Territorial Coordinator;
  • State Coordinator;
  • Unit Coordinator

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "A Look At Mexico's New National Guard". NPR.org. 13 July 2019. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Sieff, Kevin; Sheridan, Mary Beth (10 June 2019). "Mexico is sending its new national guard to the Guatemala border. The mission is unclear". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  3. ^ "Plan Nacional de Paz y Seguridad" (PDF). transicion.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b Semple, Kirk; Villegas, Paulina (28 February 2019). "Mexico Approves 60,000-Strong National Guard. Critics Call It More of the Same". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b Correa, Catalina Pérez (8 August 2019). "México necesita una Guardia Nacional realmente civil". The New York Times (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  6. ^ a b c "Mexico Scrambles To Establish National Guard After Promising To Tighten Border". NPR.org. 10 June 2019. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Semple, Kirk (14 June 2019). "Mexico's National Guard, a 'Work in Progress,' Deployed to Curb Migration". The New York Times. Mexico City. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  8. ^ Fredrick, James9 (13 July 2019). "How Mexico Beefs Up Immigration Enforcement To Meet Trump's Terms". NPR.org. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  9. ^ "LEY DE LA GUARDIA NACIONAL" (PDF) (in Spanish). 27 May 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.