National Ecuadorian Exposition

The National Ecuadorian Exposition was a world's fair held in Quito in 1909[1] to mark 100 years since the start of the campaign for Ecuadorian independence from Spain.[2]

1909 Quito
Palacio de La Exposición - Quito (1909).png
Exhibition Palace
Overview
BIE-classUnrecognized exposition
NameNational Ecuadorian Exposition
Organized byEloy Alfaro
Participant(s)
Countries9
Location
CountryEcuador
CityQuito
VenueRecoleta
Coordinates0°13′51.6″S 78°30′44.28″W / 0.231000°S 78.5123000°W / -0.231000; -78.5123000Coordinates: 0°13′51.6″S 78°30′44.28″W / 0.231000°S 78.5123000°W / -0.231000; -78.5123000
Timeline
Opening10 August 1909

The Palace of the Exhibition was formally opened on 10 August 1809 to mark 100 years since the "First Cry for Independence".[3] The fair opened on 8 September.[4]

Participating countriesEdit

Countries that presented included Chile, Colombia, France, Japan, Spain, Italy, Peru and the USA.[5]

Ecuador's own pavilion was made from reinforced concrete, two stories tall with a 30 metre dome. On top of the dome there was a statue of an Andean condor with outstretched wings.[6]

The Japanese pavilion was made from Guayaquil wood, and was painted red and white.[7]

The United States pavilion was designed by Francisco Durini [es][citation needed] in the style of the White House.[8]

PrizesEdit

Prizes were awarded on 28 September 1909,[4] with winners including the cognac manufacturer Fromy, Rogée & Co,[citation needed] presidents of all participating countries,[9] and Eloy Alfaro the 'protector' of the exhibition.[9]

LegacyEdit

The Chilean pavilion was given to the National Conservatory of Music, the Colombia pavilion to the city, the American pavilion, to the Military Committee. the Italian pavilion to the Ladies Committee, [10] and an Art Nouveau style cafe became the home of the Ministry of National Defence in 1937.[citation needed]

A Japanese kiosk was given to the commerce of Quito[10] and Eloy Alfaro gave the Japanese pavilion to the newly formed Sociedad Geografica de Quito (SGQ).[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pelle, Findling, ed. (2008). "Appendix D:Fairs Not Included". Encyclopedia of World's Fairs and Expositions. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 426. ISBN 9780786434169.
  2. ^ "Ecuador : Stamps [Year: 1909] [1/2]". Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  3. ^ Vásquez Hahn, Masía Antonieta, El Palacio_de_la_Exposición 1909-1989, p. 15
  4. ^ a b Vásquez Hahn, Masía Antonieta, El Palacio_de_la_Exposición 1909-1989, p. 26
  5. ^ Vásquez Hahn, Masía Antonieta, El Palacio_de_la_Exposición 1909-1989, p. 22-23
  6. ^ Vásquez Hahn, Masía Antonieta, El Palacio_de_la_Exposición 1909-1989, p. 40
  7. ^ Vásquez Hahn, Masía Antonieta, El Palacio_de_la_Exposición 1909-1989, p. 44-45
  8. ^ Vásquez Hahn, Masía Antonieta, El Palacio_de_la_Exposición 1909-1989, p. 44
  9. ^ a b Vásquez Hahn, Masía Antonieta, El Palacio_de_la_Exposición 1909-1989, p. 27
  10. ^ a b Vásquez Hahn, Masía Antonieta, El Palacio_de_la_Exposición 1909-1989, p. 59-60
  11. ^ Capello, Ernesto. "Mapping the Center of the World". City at the Center of the World: Space, History, and Modernity in Quito. p. 41.