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National Academy of Visual Arts and Architecture

Main building

The National Academy of Visual Arts and Architecture (Ukrainian: Націона́льна акаде́мія образотво́рчого мисте́цтва і архітекту́ри; НАОМА) - is an art university in Kiev, Ukraine specialising in visual arts and architecture. It has departaments of painting, sculpture, illustration, graphic design, stage design, architecture, Art conservation, art management.

NameEdit

  • 1917-1922 Ukrainian State Academy of Arts
  • 1922-1924 Institute of Plastic Arts
  • 1924-1930 Kiev Art Institute (joined with the Ukrainian Institute of Architecture, 1918-1924)
  • 1930-1934 Kiev Institute of Proletarian Art Culture
  • 1934-1992 All-Ukrainian Art Institute
  • 1992-1998 Ukrainian Academy of Arts
In 1996 in Kiev was established Academy of Arts of Ukraine (AMU) as a learned society or national academy specialising in various type arts (i.e. visual, music, theatric, etc.).
  • 1998-2000 Academy of Visual Arts and Architecture
  • 2000–present National Academy of Visual Arts and Architecture

HistoryEdit

 
The founders of the Ukrainian Academy of Arts, on the day of its opening. Standing (left to right): Mr. H. Narbut, V. Krychevsky and M. Boichuk. Sit A. Manevich, O. Murashko, F. Krychevsky, M. Hrushevsky (head of the Central Rada), I. Steshenko, M. Burachek.
 
University's building in 1917
 
Former building of the Kiev Theological Seminary

The National Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture (it should not be confused with the Ukrainian Academy of Arts) was founded as the Ukrainian State Academy of Arts at December 5, 1917 in Kiev. The Founding Committee was headed by Pavlutsky with the initiative of the General Secretary of the Ministry of Education of the Ukrainian People's Republic I. Steshenko. The Statute of Academy was adopted by Central Rada at November 5 (18), 1917. The grand opening was held on 5 (18) December.

The Academy was headed by the Council of Academy composed from D. Antonovich, P. Zaitsev, D. Shcherbakovskaya (Scientific Secretary), and others. The first rector was Fedor Krichevsky.

The first professors of the Academy were: M. Boichuk (monumental art), N. Burachek (landscape), V. Krychevsky (architecture, composition), F. Krichevsky (painting, portrait), A. Manevich, O. Murashko, M. Zhuk (panel painting, drawing), H. Narbut (graphics). In 1921 a few new professores were included into Academy: L. Kramarenko (monumental and decorative painting), V. Meller (theater design), S. Nalepinska-Boichuk (engraving), E. Sagaidachny, B. Kratko (sculpture), A. Taran (mosaic) and others.

Initially, the Academy was located in the former Pedagogical Museum (Teacher's House) along with the Central Council of Ukraine, then it was transferred to the building of the former Tereshchenko's trade school. In February 1919, after the capture of Kiev troops of the Red Army, Academy of Arts became a state organization with a research institute status. But in August 1919, after the capture of Kiev Denikin's Volunteer Army, Ukrainian Academy of Arts has been credited to the not funded category. In addition the Academy has been expelled from its building, and all its belongings thrown into the attic. Rector of the Academy rented two unoccupied apartments in the same house at St. George's Lane, 11. These were placed painting studio, library and office.

In December 1920, after the restoration of Soviet regime in Kiev, the Academy located in the former Noble Assembly building (stood in place of the building of Trade Unions on Krestchatyk). In 1922 Academy was reorganized and renamed to the Kiev Institute of Plastic Arts. In 1924 Ukrainian Institute of Architecture was joined into one the Kiev Arts Institute. The newly named Kiev Arts Institute was located in a former building Kiev Theological Seminary where it is located today. With new name were found new departments: film and photography, polygraphy, ceramics art and art political education teachers.

In a short time the Kiev Arts Institute became one of the leading art schools of the Soviet Union. But in the late 1920s – early 1930s ideological infighting led to the downfall of its significance. In 1930 were closed the Publishing Department and a number of others. The rector Ivan Wrona was dismissed from his post and conducted a new reorganization of the university according to the Proletkult ideology. Now the Institute was called as the Kiev Institute of Proletarian Artistic Culture (see also Working class culture ) with original departments such as art and propaganda, decoration of proletarian life, the sculptural decoration of socialist cities, communist art education.

In 1934, after a fundamental reform of the institution, it was received a new name again. Now it was the All-Ukrainian Institute of Arts and then the Kiev State Art Institute. At this period the Institut returned to academic education methods. As a result, the priority was given to Panel painting. After World War II the Institute has grown considerably. The departments of the graphics, political poster, monumental theatrical decorative art, and later - the department of technology and art conservation (cultural heritage) reopened again. The department of theory and history of art was founded.

In 1992 by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine the university returned to its original name - the All-Ukrainian Academy of Arts, and according to the decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated March 17, 1998, it became The National Academy of Fine Arts and Architecture. By the decision of the State Accreditation Commission of Ukraine on July, 1997 Academy has IV accredited level, and on November, 1999 - certified. In September 2000 of Presidential Decree Academy was granted the status of national institution as outstanding artistic education center for significant achievements in teaching and research activities, and for the preparation of the artistic and scientific-pedagogical personnel in the field of Fine Arts and Architecture Academy

Faculties and departmentsEdit

Under the undergraduate program there are 3 faculties, 4 general and 10 faculty-tied departments. Two more departments are available for the post graduate degree (aspirantura). Before the Russian aggression against Ukraine in 2014, there was a Crimean branch (campus) of the university.

UndergraduateEdit

  • Faculty of Visual Arts and Restoration, the base school that traces its roots to the Ukrainian State Academy of Arts
    • Department of Painting and Composition
    • Department of Graphic Arts
    • Department of Sculpture
    • Department of Technique and Restoration of Artwork (art conservation)
    • Department of Scenography and Screen Arts
    • Department of Design
  • Faculty of Architecture
    • Department of Architectural Design
    • Department of Theory and History of Architecture and Synthesis of Arts
    • Department of Architectural Structures
  • Faculty of Theory and History of Art
    • Department of Theory and History of Arts
  • General academic departments
    • Department of Drawing
    • Department of Culture and Social-Humanitarian Studies
    • Department of Foreign Languages
    • Department of Physical Education

GraduateEdit

  • Aspirantura
    • Department of Visual Arts
    • Department of theory of architecture and conservation of monuments

Rectors (directors)Edit

  • Fedir Krychevsky (1917-1918 and 1921-1923)
  • Heorhiy Narbut (February 1918 - May 23, 1920)
  • Mykhailo Boichuk (1920)[1]
  • I.I.Wrona (1924-1930)
  • Benkovich (1934-?)
  • V.N. Rykov (s. Of the.? -?)
  • I. N. Stillman (1940-1944)
  • V.Z. Boroday (1966-1973) [6]
  • A.M. Lopukhov (1973-1985)
  • V.N. Borisenko (1985-1988)
  • A.V. Chebykin (1989 -...)
On the efforts of Chebykin, in 1996 there was established the National Academy of Arts of Ukraine.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bilokin, Serhii. "Ukrainian State Academy of Arts". Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. Retrieved 5 February 2016.

Further readingEdit

  • Kiev Art Institute // Українська Радянська Енциклопедія. — 2-е видання. — Т. 5. — К., 1980. — С. 151. (On Ukrainian)
  • Національна академія образотворчого мистецтва і архітектури // Новий довідник для вступників до ВНЗ I, II, III, IV рівнів акредитації. — К.: Гранд-Ліцей, 2003. — С. 48.
  • Павловський В. Українська Державна Академія Мистецтв до 50-літт.я її створення, ж. Нотатки з мистецтва, ч. 7. Филадельфия, 1968.
  • Січинський В. Українська Академія Мистецтва (До 35-річчя її заснування);
  • Art Institute // Київ: Енциклопедичний довідник. — К., 1981. — С. 672—673. (On Ukrainian)

External linksEdit