Nasser Mohammed Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (Arabic: الشيخ ناصر المحمد الأحمد الصباح, born 22 December 1940) is a Kuwaiti politician who served as Prime Minister of Kuwait from 7 February 2006 until resigning on 28 November 2011. He is the first prime minister to date that never became ruler or even crown prince.
Nasser Mohammed Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
ناصر المحمد الأحمد الصباح
|Prime Minister of Kuwait|
7 February 2006 – 28 November 2011
|Monarch||Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah|
|Deputy||Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah|
|Preceded by||Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah|
|Succeeded by||Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah|
|Minister of Social Affairs|
11 January 1988 – 9 March 1990
|Prime Minister||Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah|
|Preceded by||Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah|
|Succeeded by||Jaber Abdullah|
|Born||22 December 1940|
Kuwait City, Kuwait
|Alma mater||University of Geneva|
Sheikh Nasser was born on 22 December 1940 as the son of Mohammed Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, the first defense minister of Kuwait. He is the nephew of the Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. He attended high school in the United Kingdom and graduated in 1959. Then he received a higher diploma in the French language in 1960. In 1964, Sheikh Nasser graduated from the University of Geneva (Switzerland) with a bachelor's degree in political science and economics.
Sheikh Nasser began his career as a third secretary at the foreign ministry in 1964. He became a member of the permanent Kuwaiti delegation at the United Nations in New York in October 1964. He then served as ambassador to Iran and Afghanistan, the minister of information, minister of social affairs and labour, minister of state for foreign affairs and minister of the Emiri Diwan. He became prime minister when Sabah Al Ahmad began to rule Kuwait in February 2006.
Sheikh Nasser resigned on 4 March 2007 in a move observers believe was aimed at avoiding a no-confidence motion against health minister Sheikh Ahmad Al-Abdullah Al-Sabah. Ten MPs presented the motion in February over suspected financial and administrative breaches at the ministry. The vote was due to have taken place in parliament on 5 March and Sheikh Ahmad would have had to step down if legislators had voted against him. He was reappointed as prime minister on 6 March.
On 25 November, the cabinet resigned, and on 17 December the Emir reappointed Nasser as prime minister of the new cabinet. In March 2009, the Kuwaiti Government submitted its resignation to the Emir of Kuwait after Islamist MPs requested a hearing of the P.M. On 9 May, after the election of the new Parliament, the Emir asked Sheikh Nasser to form the Kuwaiti Government for the sixth consecutive time. The new Government maintained supremacy of the Al-Ahmed Branch of the Al-Sabah Family.
In January 2011, he survived a vote of no-confidence in parliament with a vote of 25–25 (26 were needed to bring down the Government). In April 2011, his cabinet resigned due to a stand-off with parliament; he was reappointed on 6 April 2011 to form a new government, but he resigned again on 28 November 2011. His resignation was accepted by the Emir and he appointed Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah as next prime minister on 4 December 2011.
Dispute with Speaker Al-KharafiEdit
On 3 November 2007, Parliamentary Speaker Jassem Al-Kharafi told the pan-Arab Arabiya television in an interview that he had "question marks" about the Prime Minister's decisions. A transcript of the interview was published in Alrai daily, which included Al-Kharafi's comment that too many reshuffles necessitate "a review and an evaluation of what measures should be taken." Al-Kharafi said the reshuffle should not have been put off for the whole summer and that it indicated a "policy of patching" up problems, rather than solving them.
In response, Prime Minister Nasser issued a statement about Al-Kharafi to the state-owned Kuwait News Agency, which was splashed on the front pages of daily newspapers. In the statement, PM Nasser said that Al-Kharafi was overstepping in bounds in trying to influence cabinet selections: "I have no doubt that .... the speaker realizes that his attempts to interfere in forming the Cabinet and affecting its decisions is overstretching his constitutional mandate." The back-and-forth marked the first such public tensions between a speaker and a prime Minister.
Titles, Styles and HonoursEdit
Titles and stylesEdit
- 7 June 1988 – 9 March 1990: His Excellency Sheikh Nasser Mohammed Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
- 7 February 2006 – 28 November 2011: His Highness Sheikh Nasser Mohammed Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
|Iran||November 1968||The Persian Imperial Decoration of the First Degree from the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.|
|France||1984||Decoration of the First Rank of Knight from the Mayor of Paris Jacques Chirac.|
|Argentina||15 August 1993||The First Degree National Decoration of the Republic of Argentina, from President Carlos Menem of Argentina.|
|Senegal||7 October 1994||The Highest Decoration of Knight of the Republic of Senegal from the Senegalese President Abdou Diouf.|
|3 November 1996||Appreciation Certificate of the Rank of Excellence from the Organization of Islamic Conference.|
|Finland||16 September 1997||The Most Distinguished Decoration of the Rank of Lion of Finland by President Marti Ahtisaari of Finland.|
|Italy||15 November 2005||‘The Giglio’ Symbol, being the highest decoration of the city of Florence, presented by the Mayor of Florence - Italy, on the occasion of the Fifteenth Anniversary celebrations of the foundation of the Italia-Kuwait National Association.|
|France||12 September 2006||Distinguished Decoration of France's Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur with Grand Officer Class, conferred by H.E. Jacques Chirac, presented by H.E Dominique de Villepin, French Prime Minister, at the Hôtel Matignon.|
|Qatar||28 January 2007||The First Degree National Decoration "Qaladat Al-Istihaqaq" bestowed by H.H. Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, Emir of the State of Qatar.|
|United Arab Emirates||29 January 2007||The First Degree National Decoration "Al-Ittihad" bestowed by H.H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, President of the United Arab Emirates.|
|Senegal||9 April 2007||Received decoration of "Grande Croix de l'Ordre National du Mérite" of the Republic of Senegal from the Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade.|
|Indonesia||30 May 2007||The Highest Indonesian Order of Merit received from President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia.|
|Albania||13 December 2007||Received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana on the occasion of his state visit to Albania.|
|Spain||23 May 2008||Grand Cross of the Order of Civil Merit from His Majesty King Juan Carlos I of Spain.|
|Albania||12 October 2011||Honorary Citizen of Tirana, capital of Albania.|
- "A Diplomat Burdened With a Cumbersome Legacy". The Majalla. 22 June 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- Selvik, Kjetil (2011). "Elite Rivalry in a Semi-Democracy: The Kuwaiti Press Scene". Middle Eastern Studies. 47 (3): 477–496. doi:10.1080/00263206.2011.565143.
- Kuwait re-appoints prime minister BBC
- "Kuwait PM survives confidence vote". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- Kenneth Katzman (30 August 2013). "Kuwait: Security, Reform, and U.S. Policy" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- Parliament speaker and prime minister bicker publicly
- Received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
- Municipality of Tirana (in Albanian)
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
| Prime Minister of Kuwait
Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah