Nanpo Shōmyō

Nanpo Shōmyō (Japanese: なんぽしょうみょう, Kanji: 南浦紹明; 1235 – 9 February 1309) is a Japanese Zen monk of Rinzai school during the Kamakura period. Although his exact origin is unknown, he is from Inomiya village, Abe District, Shizuoka (now Inomiya-chō, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka). Shōmyō is his true name (also "Jyōmin"), Nampo is his Dharma name. His imperial name is the Entsū Daiō Kokushi.

Nanpo Shōmyō
Nampo Shomyo.jpg
Portrait of Nampo Shomyo (1836), Hanging Scroll, Color on silk
TitleEnzū Daiō Kokushi (圓通 大 應 國 師)
LineageYangqi Fanghui
Senior posting
SuccessorShūhō Myōchō


Nanpo Shōmyō grew up and studied at his hometown's temple, Takyō-ji.[1] In 1249 he began studying Zen under Lanxi Daolong at Kenchō-ji. In 1259 he traveled to Song China and inherited the law from the monk Kidō Chigu. In 1267 he returned to Japan and Kenchō-ji, staying until 1270, when he moved Kōtoku-ji in Chikuzen Province. In 1272 years he became the chief priest at Sōfuku-ji. In 1304, at the invitation of Emperor Go-Uda, he entered Manju-ji. In 1307 he returned to Kenchō-ji. He died at the age of 75 in 1309. He was the master of Kyōō Unryō and Shūhō Hyōchō.

In December 1309, Emperor Go-Uda awarded him the Kokushi name of "Entsū Daiō", which is the beginning of Zen monks receiving the Kokushi name in Japan. Following him, Shūhō Hyōchō received Daitō Kokushi and then Kanzan Egen received Muso Daishi. The names of the three monks formed the Ōtōkan lineage.[2][3]

Historical landmarkEdit

Nanpo Shōmyō's birthplace in now Inomiya-chō, Aoi-ku, Shizuokain Shoichi has a hot water well that is now a Cultural Property of Shizuoka City known as "Daiō Kokushi Well".[4]


  • Araki, Kengo 荒木見悟, (1994). Daiō : Goroku. Tōkyō: Kōdansha. ISBN 4062502038[5]


  1. ^ "宋から帰国後に茶道文化を広めた臨済宗の僧 円通大応国師 市指定史跡 大応国師産湯の井 (静岡県静岡市葵区井宮町86)" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  2. ^ What is Zen? - History: The Transmission of Zen to Japan, Official Website of Rinzai and Ōbaku Zen
  3. ^ Dumoulin 2005, p. 185-186.
  4. ^ "List of Cultural Properties in Shizuoka City" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-14. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  5. ^ Araki, Kengo; 荒木見悟 (1994). Daiō : Goroku. Tōkyō: Kōdansha. ISBN 4062502038. OCLC 31986543.