Nairobi Convention

The Nairobi Convention[1] is a partnership between governments, civil society and the private sector, working towards a prosperous Western Indian Ocean Region with healthy rivers, coasts and oceans. It pursues this vision by providing a mechanism for regional cooperation, coordination and collaborative actions; it enables the Contracting Parties[2] to harness resources and expertise from a wide range of stakeholders and interest groups; and in this way it helps solve inter-linked problems of the region's coastal and marine environment.

The Nairobi Convention
Convention for the Development, Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Western Indian Ocean
image of the Official logo of the Convention
Official logo of the Convention
ContextMarine conservation
SignedJune 21, 1985 (1985-06-21)
LocationNairobi, Kenya
EffectiveMay 30, 1996 (1996-05-30)
  • English
  • French

Official website

History of the ConventionEdit

The Nairobi Convention, which was first signed in 1985 and entered into force in 1996, is part of UN Environment's Regional Seas Programme.[3] The programme aims to address the accelerating degradation of the world's oceans and coastal areas through the sustainable management and use of the marine and coastal environment. It does this by engaging countries that share the western Indian Ocean in actions to protect their shared marine environment. The Contracting Parties (Comoros, France, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania and the Republic of South Africa) to the Convention are part of more than 143 countries that participate in 18 Regional Seas initiatives.[3]

Implementation of projectsEdit

The Nairobi Convention Secretariat has successfully implemented various projects within the Western Indian Ocean region through funding from organizations such as GEF[4] and the Governments of Norway and Sweden and through partnerships with other organizations such as Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA),[4] Birdlife International,[4] African Union (AU),[4] Indian Ocean Commission (IOC), WWF and IUCN. These include the project Addressing land-based Activities in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO-LaB) project (funded by GEF in 2004-2010) and the African Marine and Coastal Programme (funded by the Swedish government in 2011-2016).

Summary of the Amended Articles of the ConventionEdit

The Nairobi Convention Secretariat held the Conference of Plenipotentiaries and the Sixth Conference of Parties (COP6) to the Nairobi Convention at the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Headquarters at Gigiri in Nairobi Kenya, from 29 March to 1 April 2010, which considered and adopted the Amended Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Western Indian Ocean.

Amended Articles
Article 1: Geographical Coverage
Article 2: Definitions
Article 3: General Provisions
Article 4: General Obligations
Article 5: Pollution from ships
Article 6: Pollution caused by dumping
Article 7: Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities
Article 8: Pollution from Seabed Activities
Article 9: Pollution resulting from Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes
Article 10: Airborne Pollution
Article 11: Biological Diversity
Article 12: Co-operation in combating pollution in cases of emergency
Article 13: Environmental damage from engineering activities
Article 14: Environmental Impact Assessment
Article 15: Scientific and technical co-operation
Article 16: Liability and Compensation
Article 17: Institutional and Financial Arrangements
Article 18: Meetings of the Contracting Parties
Article 19: Adoption of Protocols
Article 20: Amendment of the Convention and its Protocols
Article 21: Annexes and amendment of annexes
Article 22: Rules of procedure and financial rules
Article 23: Special exercise of the right to vote
Article 24: Transmission of information
Article 25: Settlement of disputes
Article 26: Relationship between the Convention and its Protocols
Article 27: Compliance and Enforcement
Article 28: Sovereignty Claims And Rights
Article 29: Signature
Article 30: Ratification, Acceptance, Approval And Depositary
Article 31: Accession
Article 32: Entry into force
Article 33: Withdrawal
Article 34: Responsibilities of the Depositary
Annex on arbitration

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Convention. "Nairobi Convention". Retrieved 2017-04-24.
  2. ^ Parties. "Contracting Parties | Nairobi Convention". Retrieved 2017-04-24.
  3. ^ a b Regional Seas. "Overview | Regional Seas". Retrieved 2017-04-24.
  4. ^ a b c d Partner. "The Nairobi Convention Brochure | Nairobi Convention". Retrieved 2017-04-24.

External linksEdit