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Nahuel Huapi Lake

Nahuel Huapi Lake (Spanish: Lago Nahuel Huapí) is a lake in the lake region of northern Patagonia between the provinces of Río Negro and Neuquén, in Argentina. The tourist center of Bariloche is on the southern shore of the lake.

Nahuel Huapi Lake
View from the Golf course at Llao Llao.jpg
LocationLos Lagos Department, Neuquén Province / Bariloche Department, Río Negro Province, Argentina, in Patagonia
Coordinates41°05′25″S 71°20′08″W / 41.09028°S 71.33556°W / -41.09028; -71.33556Coordinates: 41°05′25″S 71°20′08″W / 41.09028°S 71.33556°W / -41.09028; -71.33556
TypeGlacial lake
Primary inflowsHuemul river
Correntoso river
Bonito river
Machete river
Primary outflowsLimay River
Basin countriesArgentina
Max. width6.3 miles (10.1 km)
Surface area205 sq mi (530 km2)
Average depth515 ft (157 m)
Max. depth1,522 feet (464 m) deeper places might exist
Water volume83.35 cubic kilometres (20.00 cu mi)
Shore length1222 miles (357 km)
Surface elevation2,510 ft (770 m)
IslandsIsla Victoria
Isla Huemul
SettlementsSan Carlos de Bariloche
Villa La Angostura
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

The June 2011 eruption of the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle volcanic complex, in neighboring Chile, caused parts of the lake's surface to be blanketed in volcanic ash.[1]

During the Last Glacial Maximum of the Llanquihue glaciation the lake basin was wholly occupied by a glacier.[2]

EtymologyEdit

The name of the lake derives from the toponym of its major island in Mapudungun (Mapuche language): "Island of the Jaguar (or Puma)", from nahuel, "puma (or jaguar)", and huapí, "island". There is, however, more to the word "Nahuel" - it can also signify "a man who by sorcery has been transformed to a puma" (or jaguar).

GeographyEdit

 
Lake Nahuel Huapi. The surrounding area became Argentina's first National Park in 1903
 
Lake Nahuel Huapi from space (the elongated, dark feature in the center of the image is the lake and in the bottom is seen the Limay River), North is to the right of the image, 1997.

Nahuel Huapi lake, located within the Nahuel Huapi National Park, has a surface of 529 km2 (204 sq mi), rests 2,510 feet (770 m) above the sea level, and has a maximum measured depth (as of 2007) of 1,437 feet (438 m).

The lake depression consists of several glacial valleys carved out along faults and Miocene valleys that were later dammed by moraines.

Its seven branches are named Blest (36 km²), Huemul (21.5 km²), de la Tristeza (18.5 km²), Campanario (7.9 km²), Machete, del Rincón and Última Esperanza. It is connected to other smaller lakes such as Gutiérrez, Moreno, Espejo and Correntoso. The deep-blue waters hold a number of islands, most notably Isla Victoria with an area of 31 km², and Isla Huemul.

A curious fact about the lake is that, despite being nowhere near any ocean and being at high altitude, it is also home for kelp gull and the blue eyed cormorant (Phalacrocorax atriceps), otherwise strictly marine birds.[3][4][5]

The lake’s crystal clear waters are very susceptible to climate changes and have an average surface temperature of 45 °F (7 °C); this makes it both beautiful and treacherous. Hypothermia is one of the risks bathers must undertake. Kayaking is a popular sport on this and adjacent lakes. The lake is also the starting point of the Limay River.

FaunaEdit

This lake harbors several introduced, non-native species of trout,[6] including rainbow trout, brown trout and brook trout which attract anglers from the world over.

NahuelitoEdit

At the beginning of the 20th century, and following an old aboriginal legend,[7] the rumor of a giant creature living in the deep waters of the lake took up. The creature is known locally as Nahuelito. Reported sightings of it predate Nessie and The Lost World (Arthur Conan Doyle).[8]

Local aborigines (Mapuche) called another creature el Cuero (leather) for its smooth skin. The neighboring lake Lago Lácar, has also been the site for accounts of another creature, more consistent with a plesiosaur, with aborigines describing it as a sea-cow with teeth all around it.

Members of the Buenos Aires Zoo visited the lake in 1922 trying to corroborate the reports of sightings of the prehistoric animal, but found no evidence to support the theory of such a creature.

Hitler conspiracy theoryEdit

 
The Inalco House near the current settlement of Villa La Angostura. According to the fringe theory of Abel Basti, Hitler would have lived some years here after 1945.[9]

In his 2004 book Bariloche nazi-guía turística, Argentine author Abel Basti claims that Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun lived in the surroundings of Bariloche for many years after World War II.[9] Basti said that the Argentine Nazis chose the estate of Inalco as Hitler's refuge.[9]

In his 2004 book Bariloche nazi-guía turística, Argentine author Abel Basti suggests that Hitler and Braun did not commit suicide, but actually escaped to Argentina. The scenario proposed by the two authors is as follows: a number of U-boats took certain Nazis and Nazi loot to Argentina, where the Nazis were supported by future president Juan Perón, who, with his wife "Evita", had been receiving money from the Nazis for some time. Hitler allegedly arrived in Argentina, first staying at Hacienda San Ramón, east of San Carlos de Bariloche.[9] Hitler then moved to a Bavarian-styled mansion at Inalco, a remote and barely accessible spot at the northwest end of Nahuel Huapi Lake, close to the Chilean border. Around 1954, Eva Braun left Hitler and moved to Neuquén with their daughter, Ursula ('Uschi'); and Hitler died in February 1962.[9][10][11][12][13]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Chilean volcano fills lake with ash". The Daily Telegraph. London. 16 June 2011.
  2. ^ Heusser, C.J. (2004). Ice Age Southern Andes. Elsevier. pp. 25–29.
  3. ^ "Blue-eyed Cormorant". Birdsoman.com. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  4. ^ "NAHUEL HUAPI NATIONAL PARK - ARGENTINA - National Parks in Argentina - Ripio Incoming Tour Operator Argentina". Ripioturismo.com.ar. 1903-11-06. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  5. ^ Pamela C. Rasmussen The Condor Vol. 88, No. 3 (Aug., 1986), pp. 393-395. University of California Press
  6. ^ "La Fauna del Parque Nacional Nahuel Huapi". Bariloche.Org. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  7. ^ Sam Mustafa (25 November 2010). "The Myth of Nahuelito: A Monstrous Symbol of Argentina". Argentina Independent. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Lake Monsters: Nahuelito". Strangemag.com. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
  9. ^ a b c d e "NAZI-GUÍA TURÍSTICA POR BARILOCHE". El Tiempo (in Spanish). January 2, 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  10. ^ Walters, Guy (28 October 2013). "Did Hitler flee bunker with Eva to Argentina, have two daughters and live to 73? The bizarre theory that's landed two British authors in a bitter war". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  11. ^ "FBI — Adolf Hitler Part 01 of 04 - File No 105-410". vault.fbi.gov. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  12. ^ "Hitler lived until 1962? That's my story, claims Argentinian writer". The Guardian. October 27, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  13. ^ Thope, Vanessa (October 27, 2013). "Hitler escape book's authors in plagiarism row". The Japan Times. Retrieved August 8, 2019.