Naga Cathedral

The Naga Metropolitan Cathedral (formal name: Metropolitan Cathedral and Parish of Saint John the Evangelist) is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Naga City, Camarines Sur, Philippines. It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Caceres. The first church was established after the creation of the archdiocese as the Diocese of Cáceres in 1595. The present cathedral was built in 1808, and was completed and consecrated in 1843.[1]

Naga Cathedral
Metropolitan Cathedral and Parish of Saint John the Evangelist
Catedral Metropolitana y Parroquia de San Juan Evangelista
The Facade of the Naga Metropolitan Cathedral.JPG
The façade, southeast flank, and cupola of the cathedral
Naga Cathedral is located in Luzon
Naga Cathedral
Naga Cathedral
Location in Luzon
Naga Cathedral is located in Philippines
Naga Cathedral
Naga Cathedral
Naga Cathedral (Philippines)
13°37′42″N 123°11′14″E / 13.6282°N 123.1872°E / 13.6282; 123.1872Coordinates: 13°37′42″N 123°11′14″E / 13.6282°N 123.1872°E / 13.6282; 123.1872
LocationNaga City
CountryPhilippines
DenominationRoman Catholic
History
StatusCathedral
Founded1595
Founder(s)Pope Clement V
DedicationSaint John the Evangelist
Our Lady of Peñafrancia
Dedicated1595, 1843
Consecrated1843, 1988
Past bishop(s)Legaspi
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationMarked Historical Structure of the Philippines[1]
Designated1939
Architect(s)Bishop Bernardo dela Concepción, O.F.M.
Architectural typeChurch building
StyleEarthquake Baroque-Romanesque
Groundbreaking1595, 1808
Completed1595, 1843
ClosedN/A
DemolishedN/A
Specifications
Capacity1,450 sitting, 2,300 standing
Number of domes1
Number of spires2
MaterialsCoral, bricks, cement
Administration
ProvinceEcclesiastical Province of Caceres
ArchdioceseArchdiocese of Caceres
Clergy
ArchbishopMost Rev. Rolando Joven Tria Tirona, O.C.D., D.D.
RectorRev. Msgr. Noe P. Badiola, PC
AssistantRev. Fr. Joe Mar Josafat
Rev. Fr. Jayson Gaite

The Most Rev. Rolando Joven Tria Tirona O.C.D., D.D. is the present Archbishop of Cáceres, while Rev. Msgr. Noe P. Badiola was appointed rector in 2011.

HistoryEdit

The first cathedral built for Naga was founded after the Diocese of Cáceres was established in 1595. It is a suffragan of the Diocese of Manila created by the papal bull of 14 August 1595, which also elevated the Diocese of Manila into an archdiocese. The church was destroyed by fire in 1768.[1]

The construction of the present cathedral in Spanish Romanesque Revival style was begun by Bishop Bernardo dela Concepción O.F.M. in 1808. An earthquake in 1820 damaged the cathedral. It was finished and consecrated under the administration of Monsignor Tomás Ladrón de Guevara in 1843.[1] It was damaged by a typhoon in October 1856, and restored by the Fray Francisco Gainza in 1862-1879. It was damaged by an earthquake in 1887, and repaired by Obras Publicas under the direction of Bishop Arsenio del Campo and Ricardo Ayuso in 1890.[2]

During the episcopate of Leonardo Zamora Legaspi, the cathedral was restored beginning in April 1987 under the supervision of Jaime M. San Andres, parish priest of the Saint John the Evangelist Parish, Naga City. On February 6, 1988 during the feast of Saint Peter Baptist, titular patron of the Archdiocese of Caceres, this Metropolitan Cathedral was again inaugurated and rededicated by Archbishop Legaspi together with other Bicolano bishops and priests.

DescriptionEdit

The church presently has a generally cruciform plan and is Romanesque in ornamentation. It is a large stone construction with gabled galvanized iron sheets for roofing, the walls outside has a grey color. Above the crossing is a rectangular dome topped by a cupola.

The front façade has a high arch entrance with two-level, twin pilasters flanking both sides. It has a gentle curvature on both front corners to create the illusion of a softened façade. The facade is topped by a pediment surmounted by a round cupola, with its roof supported by tiny columns. The pediment is flanked by two short, symmetric hexagonal belfries on both ends. The front facade has an overall squat look typical of Earthquake Baroque architecture. The front facade also holds the coats of arms of Castile and León, at the front of the entrance.

Inside the cathedral are arcades to counter the effects of earthquakes that damaged the cathedral in 1820; above the nave and both left and right aisles are supported by four massive series of arches and columns. Each of the massive interior columns, arches, including the ceilings are decorated by trompe-l'œil paintings that were recently done.[when?] Both sides have stained glass windows.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Cathedral of Naga". National Registry of Historic Sites and Structures in the Philippines. Retrieved on 2014-12-08.
  2. ^ National Historical Institute.Historical Markers:Regions V-XII. Manila:National Historical Institute,1994.

External linksEdit