NGC 4214 is a dwarf barred irregular galaxy located around 10 million light-years[2] away in the constellation Canes Venatici. NGC 4214 is a member of the M94 Group.

NGC 4214
NGC 4214.jpg
Optical and near-infrared image, taken using the Hubble's Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3)
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
ConstellationCanes Venatici
Right ascension12h 15m 39.2s[1]
Declination+36° 19′ 37″[1]
Redshift291 ± 3 km/s[1]
Apparent magnitude (V)10.2[1]
Apparent size (V)8′.4 × 6′.6[1]
Other designations
NGC 4228, CGCG 187-32, IRAS 12131+3636, KUG 1213+366, MCG 6-27-42, UGC 7278,[1] PGC 39225[1]


Amateur image of NGC 4214.

NGC 4214 is both larger and brighter than the Small Magellanic Cloud[3] as well as a starburst galaxy, with the largest star-forming regions (NGC 4214-I and NGC 4214-II) in the galaxy's center. Of the two, NGC 4214-I contains a super star cluster rich in Wolf-Rayet stars and NGC 4214-II is younger (age less than 3 million years), including a number of star clusters and stellar associations.[4]

NGC 4214 also has two older super star clusters, both with an age of 200 million years and respective masses of 2.6*10.5 and 1.5*106 solar masses.[5]

Two satellites are known to exist around the vicinity of NGC 4214. One is DDO 113, which has an absolute V-band magnitude of −12.2. It stopped star formation around 1 billion years ago. Another, more recently discovered object is MADCASH-2, officially named MADCASH J121007+352635-dw. The name refers to the MADCASH (Magellanic Analog Dwarf Companions and Stellar Halos) project. It is similar to typical ultra-faint dwarf galaxies, with an absolute V-band magnitude of −9.15, except in that shows evidence of multiple episodes star formation in its recent past: one around 400 million years ago, and another 1.5 billion years ago.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4214. Retrieved 2007-03-30.
  2. ^ "Galaxy NGC 4214: A star formation laboratory". ESA/Hubble Photo Release. ESA/Hubble. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  3. ^ Karachentsev, Igor D.; Karachentseva, Valentina E.; Huchtmeier, Walter K.; Makarov, Dmitry I. (2003). "A Catalog of Neighboring Galaxies". The Astronomical Journal. 127 (4): 2031–2068. Bibcode:2004AJ....127.2031K. doi:10.1086/382905.
  4. ^ Ubeda, L.; Maíz-Apellániz, J.; MacKenty, J. W. (2004). H.J.G.L.M. Lamers; L.J. Smith; A. Nota (eds.). "Massive Young Star Clusters in NGC 4214". The Formation and Evolution of Massive Young Star Clusters, ASP Conference Series. 322: 221. Bibcode:2004ASPC..322..221U.
  5. ^ Larsen, Søren S.; Brodie, Jean P.; Hunter, Deidre A. (2004). "Dynamical Mass Estimates for Five Young Massive Stellar Clusters". The Astronomical Journal. 128 (5): 2295–2305. arXiv:astro-ph/0407373. Bibcode:2004AJ....128.2295L. doi:10.1086/424538. S2CID 36220968.
  6. ^ Carlin, Jeffrey L.; Mutlu-Pakdil, Burçin; Crnojević, Denija; Garling, Christopher T.; Karunakaran, Ananthan; Peter, Annika H. G.; Tollerud, Erik; Forbes, Duncan A.; Hargis, Jonathan R.; Lim, Sungsoon; Romanowsky, Aaron J.; Sand, David J.; Spekkens, Kristine; Strader, Jay (2021). "Hubble Space Telescope Observations of Two Faint Dwarf Satellites of Nearby LMC Analogs from MADCASH". The Astrophysical Journal. 909 (2): 211. arXiv:2012.09174. Bibcode:2021ApJ...909..211C. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/abe040. S2CID 229297953.

External linksEdit