NGC 3169 is a spiral galaxy about 75 million light years away in the constellation Sextans. It has the morphological classification SA(s)a pec, which indicates this is a pure, unbarred spiral galaxy with tightly-wound arms and peculiar features. There is an asymmetrical spiral arm and an extended halo around the galaxy.
|Observation data (J2000 epoch)|
|Right ascension||10h 14m 15.099s|
|Declination||+03° 27′ 58.03″|
|Redshift||+0.004113 ± 0.000017|
|Helio radial velocity||+1,232 km/s|
|Distance||57 Mly (17.43 Mpc)|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||10.3|
|Apparent size (V)||4.2′ × 2.9′|
|UGC 5525, PGC 29855|
This is a LINER 2 galaxy that displays an extended emission of X-rays in the region of the nucleus. A hard X-ray source at the center most likely indicates an active galactic nucleus. The stellar population in the nucleus, and a ring at an angular radius of 6″, shows an age of only one billion years and is generally younger than the surrounding stellar population. This suggests that a burst of star formation took place in the nucleus roughly one billion years ago.
In 1984, a Type II-L supernova was discovered in this galaxy. Designated 1984E, the spectrum of this event at maximum light showed prominent balmer lines that indicated the explosion occurred inside a dense shell of hydrogen surrounding the star. This shell was likely created by a strong stellar wind from the progenitor star. A second supernova was discovered in 2003; this time of type 1a. It was designated SN 2003 cg and reached peak magnitude 15.94.
NGC 3169 is located in close physical proximity to NGC 3166, and the two have an estimated separation of around 160 kly (50 kpc). Their interaction is creating a gravitational distortion that has left the disk of NGC 3166 warped. Combined with NGC 3156, the three galaxies form a small group within the larger Leo 1 group. The three are embedded within an extended ring of neutral hydrogen that is centered on NGC 3169.
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- De Vaucouleurs, G.; De Vaucouleurs, A.; Corwin, Jr., H. G.; Buta, R. J.; Paturel, G.; Fouque, P. (1991), Third Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies, 3.9.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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- "NED results for object NGC 3169", NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database, NASA, retrieved 2013-05-30.
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- Buta, Ronald J.; et al. (2007), Atlas of Galaxies, Cambridge University Press, pp. 13–17, ISBN 978-0521820486.
- Haynes, M. P. (August 1981), "Neutral hydrogen streams in groups of galaxies. I - Observations", Astronomical Journal, 86: 1126–1154, Bibcode:1981AJ.....86.1126H, doi:10.1086/112993.
- Terashima, Yuichi; Wilson, Andrew S. (January 2003), "Chandra Snapshot Observations of Low-Luminosity Active Galactic Nuclei with a Compact Radio Source", The Astrophysical Journal, 583 (1): 145–158, arXiv:astro-ph/0209607, Bibcode:2003ApJ...583..145T, doi:10.1086/345339, S2CID 16047866.
- Mathur, Smita; et al. (October 2008), "AIP Conference Proceedings", American Institute of Physics Conference Series, 1053: 43–49, arXiv:0807.0422, Bibcode:2008AIPC.1053...43M, doi:10.1063/1.3009521, S2CID 118424765.
- Henry, Richard B. C.; Branch, David (February 1987), "The spectrum of the type II-L supernova 1984E in NGC 3169 Further evidence for a superwind?", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 99: 112–115, Bibcode:1987PASP...99..112H, doi:10.1086/131962.
- Elias-Rosa, N.; et al. (July 2006), "Anomalous extinction behaviour towards the Type Ia SN 2003cg", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 369 (4): 1880–1900, arXiv:astro-ph/0603316, Bibcode:2006MNRAS.369.1880E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2006.10430.x, S2CID 15108977.
- Drory, Niv; Fisher, David B. (August 2007), "A Connection between Bulge Properties and the Bimodality of Galaxies", The Astrophysical Journal, 662 (2): 640–649, arXiv:0705.0973, Bibcode:2007ApJ...664..640D, doi:10.1086/519441, S2CID 17999271.
- "Up and Over". www.spacetelescope.org. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to NGC 3169.|
- APOD: NGC 3169 and NGC 3166 (02/28/2004)
- ADS: Supernova 2003cg in NGC 3169
- SEDS: NGC3169
- NGC 3169 on WikiSky: DSS2, SDSS, GALEX, IRAS, Hydrogen α, X-Ray, Astrophoto, Sky Map, Articles and images