Mystic Seaport Museum or Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea in Mystic, Connecticut is the largest maritime museum in the United States. It is notable for its collection of sailing ships and boats and for the re-creation of the crafts and fabric of an entire 19th-century seaport village. It consists of more than 60 historic buildings, most of them rare commercial structures moved to the 19-acre (0.077 km2) site and meticulously restored.
|Collection size||sailing ships and boats|
|Public transit access||SEAT: 10|
The museum was established in 1929 as the "Marine Historical Association". Its fame came with the acquisition of the Charles W. Morgan in 1941, the only surviving wooden whaling ship. The Seaport was one of the first living history museums in the United States, with a collection of buildings and craftsmen to show how people lived; it now receives about 250,000 visitors each year.
The Seaport supports research via an extensive library and runs the Frank C. Munson Institute of American Maritime Studies, a summer graduate-level academic program established in 1955 by maritime history professor Robert G. Albion of Harvard University. The museum also hosts Williams–Mystic in conjunction with Williams College, an undergraduate program in maritime studies. Outreach includes sailing and history classes for area children.
Grounds and programs edit
The Preservation Shipyard is an important part of the museum, where traditional tools and techniques are used to preserve the Museum's collection of historic vessels, including the 1841 whaleship Charles W. Morgan. A replica of the slave ship La Amistad was constructed in the shipyard and launched in 2000. Amistad departed New Haven on June 21, 2007 on a 14,000 mile transatlantic voyage to Great Britain, Lisbon, West Africa, and the Caribbean, marking the Atlantic trade and slave route to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the end of the slave trade in Great Britain.
The 19th-century seafaring village contains nearly all the types of general and specialized trades associated with building and operating a sailing fleet. They include a chandlery, sail loft, ropewalk, cooperage, shipping agent's office, printing office, bank, and others. Also included is The Spouter Tavern, which is open seasonally and serving "travelers' fare". Each building is used to show the original activity and also to display examples of what was sold or constructed; the nautical instrument shop, for example, displays sextants, nautical timepieces, and so forth, while demonstrations at the cooperage show how casks were assembled.
Scale model of Mystic, Connecticut as it was around 1870
Children learning to sail in JY15s and Dyer Dhows
Additional buildings house more exhibits. One is a 1⁄128 scale model of the entire Mystic River area as it appeared around 1870, complete down to the outhouse that was located behind every residence; the model is 40 feet long. Another contains a collection of carved ship figureheads. Also among the museum's buildings is the Treworgy Planetarium which demonstrates how seamen used stars for navigation.
Sailing instruction is also offered, as well as tourist rides in various historical small craft. Such tours give a good overview of historic ships at their moorings. Mystic Seaport's music program is unusual, as it prominently features sea shanties in their original contexts as work songs.
Mission, Vision and Core Value edit
Mystic Seaport Museum strives to inspire an enduring connection to the American maritime experience.
Mystic Seaport Museum will re-imagine the interchange between maritime heritage and broader contemporary culture.
Knowledge, Authenticity, Inspiration, Stewardship and Community
National Historic Landmarks edit
Four vessels at Mystic Seaport have been recognized by the United States Government as National Historic Landmarks
|Emma C. Berry||well smack||39 ft||1866||Emma C. Berry is the last surviving American well smack (also called Noank smacks). Well smacks originated in England about 1775 and were designed to keep the catch alive in an internal water-filled compartment known as a wet well. Seawater circulated through large holes in the bottom planking. She was donated to Mystic Seaport in 1969 and was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1994.|
|L. A. Dunton||fishing schooner||123 ft||1921||L. A. Dunton was built in Massachusetts and is among the last of the larger fishing vessels that were powered solely by sail. She was named after Louis A. Dunton, a sailmaker who was a member of the syndicate that commissioned her construction. She was worked in the New England fisheries until 1934 and then in the Newfoundland cod fishery of the Grand Banks into the 1950s. In 1955, she was converted for use as a coastal cargo boat. She was acquired by Mystic Seaport in 1963 and restored to her original condition. Dunton was declared a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993.|
|Charles W. Morgan||whaler||113 ft||1841||Charles W. Morgan is a whaling ship which was active for 80 years. She is the only surviving wooden whaler from 2,700 ships that operated in the United States whaling fleet. On her deck are huge try pots used to render blubber into whale oil. She came to Mystic Seaport in 1941 and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1966.|
|Sabino||island steamer||57 ft||1908||Sabino is a small wooden, coal-fired steamboat and is one of only two surviving members of the United States mosquito fleet. She was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1992. Mystic Seaport acquired her after she became obsolete in 1974. The seaport has operated her as a working exhibit ever since, making her America's oldest regularly operating coal-powered steamboat.|
Other vessels edit
|Annie||sandbagger sloop||28 ft||1880||Annie was used for competitive racing. She was donated to Mystic Seaport in 1931 and became the first vessel in the collection. She was extensively restored in 2004.|
|Australia||coastal schooner||71 ft||1862||Australia was designed to carry freight in shallow coastal water. She was used as a blockade runner during the American Civil War until she was captured by Union warships and sold at auction. Mystic Seaport acquired her in 1951 for use as a training vessel. In 1962, she was hauled out of the water for restoration, but damage to the hull was deemed too extensive and the vessel was permanently beached. Australia is now housed in a shed and used as an exhibit on ship construction.|
|Breck Marshall||cat boat||20 ft||c. 1900||The Breck Marshall is a replica constructed in 1987 of Cape Cod catboats used for pleasure and fishing around 1900. The working catboat is used the warmer months to carry sight-seeing passengers on the historic Mystic River, sailing either from Middle Wharf or from the Boathouse.|
|Brilliant||auxiliary schooner||61 ft||1932||Brilliant was built to a high standard as an ocean racing yacht. She crossed the Atlantic Ocean in just over 15 days on her maiden voyage, a record for a sailing yacht of her size. Subsequently, she did a run in England from the Lightship Nantucket to Bishop Rock Light. During World War II, she was acquired by the U.S. Coast Guard, equipped with machine guns, and used to patrol the New England coast for enemy submarines. She was donated to Mystic Seaport in 1957, where she is used as an offshore classroom.|
|Estella A.||Friendship Sloop||34 ft||1904||Estella A. is a classic friendship sloop built in Maine. She was acquired by Mystic Seaport in 1957 and restored in 1970–72.|
|Florence||dragger||40 ft||1926||Florence is a western rig dragger built in 1926 along the Mystic River. She was used to trawl for fish at the bottom of Long Island Sound, dragging a conical net. In 1982, she was acquired by Mystic Seaport and restored to her original configuration. Florence is the only working dragger located in a museum collection. She is now used to carry students to collect marine biology specimens from Fishers Island Sound.|
|Gerda III||lighthouse tender||40 ft||1926||Gerda III was built in 1928 in Denmark as a lighthouse tender, though she appears to have been used as a common work boat. In 1943, she was used to smuggle Jews from Nazi-occupied Denmark to Sweden. Approximately 300 Jews were rescued by Greda III, and the Danish Parliament donated her to the Museum of Jewish Heritage. Mystic Seaport helps care for the boat and features her as part of their collection.|
|Joseph Conrad||training ship||111 ft||1882||Joseph Conrad is named after author Joseph Conrad. She is an iron-hulled and fully rigged sailing ship which was used to train sailors in Denmark. She sailed around the world as a private yacht in 1934, then served as a training ship in the United States. She was acquired by Mystic Seaport in 1947, and although she no longer goes to sea, she still fulfill's her original purpose as a training ship for the Mystic Mariner Program and the Museum's educational programs.|
|Kingston II||harbor tugboat||44 ft||1937||Kingston II served U.S. Navy submarine-manufacturer Electric Boat in Groton, Connecticut for 42 years, until deemed surplus after EB turned to nuclear submarines, too large for this small tugboat. The tugboat is one of the earliest all-welded vessels, having been constructed from scrap steel by apprentice welders training to work on submarines. Came to Mystic Seaport in 1980.|
|Nellie||oyster or shoal-draft sloop||36 ft||1891||Nellie was built in New York and was used for oyster dredging in Long Island Sound. Mystic Seaport acquired her in 1964.|
|Regina M.||carry-away sloop||45 ft||c. 1900||Regina M. was built in 1900 in Passamaquoddy Bay and was used to collect herring from fish weirs and transport them to canneries on shore. Mystic Seaport acquired the vessel in 1940, and she was restored in 1992 to the way that she looked in 1909.|
|Roann||dragger||60 ft||1947||Roann is an eastern rig dragger built in Maine in 1947 and used to fish for flounder, cod, and haddock. Mystic Seaport acquired the vessel after she became obsolete in the 1970s. In 2009, Roann underwent complete restoration.|
|Star||Fishing vessel||34 ft||1950||Star was built in Connecticut for swordfishing and tuna fishing off Long Island. She was acquired by Mystic Seaport in 1976 and has undergone major restoration.|
Collection of historic buildings
1874 oyster house
Carved vessel figureheads
See also edit
- List of maritime museums in the United States
- List of museum ships
- Famous Sea Captain, Joseph Warren Holmes, many passings of Cape Horn
- Whaleboat - examples shown are at Mystic Seaport
- House of Representatives (2005) "Commemorating Mystic Seaport", House Report 109, page 1. Government Printing Office.
- "About Mystic Seaport". Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Library Fellows". Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "NEH Summer Institute for College and University Professors". Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "College and Graduate Programs". Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Community Sailing". Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Planetarium Courses". Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Henry B. duPont Preservation Shipyard". Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America and the Sea. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "The New Topsail Schooner Amistad". Tri-Coastal Marine. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- "Minister Presents Wilberforce Slave Trade Act To Amistad Schooner". Culture 24. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- Mystic River Scale Model Exhibit Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Figureheads Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Treworgy Planetarium Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Sailing Programs and Classes in Mystic, CT". Mystic Seaport Museum. Retrieved 2022-10-19.
- "Mission, Vision and Core Values". Mystic Seaport Museum. Retrieved 2023-11-28.
- March, E J (1970). Sailing trawlers – The story of deep-sea fishing with long line and trawl. David & Charles. ISBN 978-0-87742-004-0.
- Emma C. Berry, National Historic Landmark Nomination, 9 February 1994, National Park Service.
- Emma C. Berry: Noank Smack Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- D'Estang, Nancy; German, Andrew (25 January 1993). "National Historic Landmark Nomination / L. A. Dunton" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-09-04. and
"Accompanying Photos" (pdf). Retrieved 2012-09-04.
- "L. A. Dunton (Schooner)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- L. A. Dunton: Fishing schooner Mystic Seaport. Date accessed 6 July 2016
- Charles W Morgan Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Dean, Nicolas (September 1991). "Marine Heritage of the United States NHL Theme Study—Large Vessels: Sabino / Excursion Steamer Sabino" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-09-12. and
"Accompanying 5 photos, from c.1910 to 1990". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-09-12.
- "Historic Steamboat Sabino Returns to Service August 2, 2017". Council of American Maritime Museums (CAMM). 2 August 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
- Panko, Ben. "America's Oldest Coal-Powered Steamboat Chugs Along". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2 January 2023.
- "Sabino: Steamboat Cruises". This Is Mystic, CT. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2022.
- Annie: Sandbagger Mystic Seaport. Date accessed 29 June 2016
- Australia: Coasting schooner Archived 2016-06-24 at the Wayback Machine Mystic Seaport. Date accessed 29 June 2016
- Breck Marshall: Working catboat Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "BRECK MARSHALL: WORKING CATBOAT". Mystic Seaport Museum. Retrieved 2022-10-19.
- Brilliant: Auxiliary schooner Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Estella A., Mystic Seaport. Date accessed 6 July 2016
- Florence: Dragger Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Gerda III: Danish lighthouse tender, Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Joseph Conrad: Fully rigged ship, Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- "Joseph Conrad - Full Rigged Ship - Historic Vessel in Mystic, CT". Mystic Seaport Museum. Retrieved 2022-10-19.
- "Kingston II: Harbor Tugboat". Mystic Seaport. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
- "Harbor Tugboat Kingston II". The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved January 3, 2023.
- "Sports & Recreation". The Woodenboat (169): 92. 2002.
- Nellie: Oyster Sloop Mystic Seaport. Date accessed 6 July 2016
- Regina M.: Carry away boat Mystic Seaport. Date accessed 6 July 2016
- Roann: Eastern rig dragger Mystic Seaport. Date accessed 6 July 2016
- Star: Noank fish and lobster boat Mystic Seaport. Date accessed 6 July 2016