Myanma Agricultural Development Bank

The Myanma Agricultural Development Bank (Burmese: မြန်မာ့လယ်ယာဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေးဘဏ်; abbreviated MADB) is a government-owned bank specialized in providing financial services to agricultural enterprises in Myanmar (Burma), and is the largest financial institution of its kind.[1][2] The bank is owned operated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MAI), and has 206 branches nationwide.[2] MADB provides loans to a sizable number of rural households, serving 1.87 million customers in 2012.[1][2] MADB loan products typically cover farmers' short-term working capital needs (e.g., purchase of seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides; payment of salaries for farm workers; and lease of agriculture equipment).[2]

Myanma Agricultural Development Bank
Native name
မြန်မာ့လယ်ယာဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေးဘဏ်
State-owned enterprise
Founded1953; 67 years ago (1953)
HeadquartersYangon, Myanmar
ProductsBanking
ParentMinistry of Agriculture and Irrigation

HistoryEdit

MADB was first established as the National Agricultural Bank (နိုင်ငံတော်စိုက်ပျိုးရေးဘဏ်) in June 1953 by the Burmese government to support the development of agriculture, livestock, and rural enterprises in Myanmar.[2] Its immediate predecessor, the Myanma Agricultural Bank, was established in 1976, an offshoot of the Agricultural Finance division of the People's Bank.[3] MAB was renamed in 1990, and was reconstituted in 1997 under the Myanma Agricultural Development Bank Law.[3]

HeadquartersEdit

 
MADB's headquarters that previously housed the Rangoon branch of the National Bank of India, Grindlays Bank, People's Bank No. 11 and National Museum of Burma

MADB's headquarters have been located on Pansodan Street in downtown Yangon, Myanmar since 1996,[4] occupying a colonial-era landmark that previously housed the Rangoon branch of the National Bank of India.[5] The building was completed in 1930, designed by Thomas Oliphant Foster and Basil Ward; the former architect designed the Myanma Port Authority building.[5] In the 1940s, Grindlays Bank acquired the building.[5] With the Burmese Way to Socialism, the bank was nationalized and converted into People's Bank No. 11 in 1963.[6] From 1970 to 1996, the building housed the National Museum of Myanmar (Yangon).[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b World Bank (2014-04-08). "Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank : Initial Assessment and Restructuring Options". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e "Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank". LIFT. Retrieved 2020-05-23.
  3. ^ a b Fujita, Kōichi; Mieno, Fumiharu; Okamoto, Ikuko (2009). The Economic Transition in Myanmar After 1988: Market Economy Versus State Control. NUS Press. ISBN 978-9971-69-461-6.
  4. ^ "6th Blue Plaque (Myanma Agricultural Development Bank) – Yangon Heritage Trust". Retrieved 2020-05-23.
  5. ^ a b c d "Myanma Agricultural Development Bank – Architectural Guide: Yangon". Retrieved 2020-05-23.
  6. ^ "Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank | Yangon, Myanmar (Burma) Attractions". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2020-05-23.

See alsoEdit