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Mulla Ali Kani (Persian: ملا علی کنی‎, (1888–1805) was an Iranian Shia Muslim scholar and philosopher involved with the Iranian Constitutional Revolution.[1][2] He was a pupil of Muhammad Hasan al-Najafi. Kani was in charge of religious affairs of Iran, and had a great influence on people and even on Naser al-Din Shah Qajar and his court.[3] After the singing of the Reuter concession in 1873 which in practice made Iran a colony of Britain, Mulla Ali Kani wrote a letter to the King, Nasir al-Din Shah, and opposed this contract. He wrote that what Reuter gains through this contract is even more than what Britain gained in India. He also wrote that when there is a flaw in governmental affairs, it is religious scholars' duty to refer to it, regardless of whether the king favors this approach, or tries to correct it or not. He asked the king in strong terms to cancel the contract and dismiss the prime minister, who was behind the signing of the contract. As a result of these objections, as well as foreign objections to the contract, Nasir al-Din Shah eventually canceled the contract and removed the minister from the office.[4] Kani died in Tehran in 1888 and was buried in the shrine of Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine in Rey.[5]

Hajj Mulla Ali Kani
Known forNullify Reuter concession
Notable work
Tuneup Seminary Marvi
  • Ghorbanali Amoli (father)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Encyclopædia Iranica ḤĀJ MOLLĀ ʿALI KANI
  2. ^ 3rd Iran and British Colonization Confab calls for papers
  3. ^ 8 Clericalist Monarchy and Shi‘i Institution Building - California Digital Library
  4. ^ Taymuri, 'Asr bi-khabari, p.123-126; Nazim al-Islam Kirmani, Tarikh biydari Iranian, p. 135.
  5. ^ Samuel G. W. Benjamin, Persia and the Persians, London, 1887.

External linksEdit