Muhlenberg family

The Muhlenberg family created a United States political, religious, and military dynasty based in the state of Pennsylvania.[1] The German American family descends from Heinrich Melchior Mühlenberg/Henry Muhlenberg (1711–1787), a German immigrant, noted Lutheran minister, and founder of the Lutheran Church in America.

Noted members of the Muhlenberg family include:

Hiester familyEdit

In addition, the Muhlenbergs were related to the Hiester family.[15] Some notable members were:

Other descendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hess, Stephen. America's Political Dynasties, pp. 146, 158-162, 637, 659-660, 688, 697, 718, 722-723, 731. London and New York: Routledge, 2017.
  2. ^ Horn, Joshua. "Peter Muhlenberg: The Pastor Turned Soldier," in Journal of the American Revolution, November 9, 2015.
  3. ^ Minardi, Lisa. "Frederick Muhlenberg," in Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present, vol. 1, edited by Marianne S. Wokeck. German Historical Institute, retrieved online October 27, 2022.
  4. ^ Ochsenford, Solomon Erb. Muhlenberg College. A quarter-centennial memorial volume, being a history of the College and a record of its men, p. 171. Allentown, Pennsylvania: Muhlenberg College, 1892.
  5. ^ Tatman, Sandra L. "Muhlenberg, Frederick Augustus," in Philadelphia Architects and Buildings. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: The Athenaeum of Philadelphia, retrieved online October 27, 2022.
  6. ^ "Gotthilf Henrich Ernst Muhlenberg," in "Henry Ernest Muhlenberg papers." Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved online October 28, 2022.
  7. ^ "Mrs. Maria Salome Richards" (obituary). Reading, Pennsylvania: Berks and Schuylkill Journal, March 17, 1827, p. 3.
  8. ^ "Biographical Memoir of the Late Henry A. Muhlenberg," in The United States Democratic Review, vol. 16, issue 79, p. 73. J.& H.G. Langley, etc., January 1845.
  9. ^ "Muhlenberg, Francis Swaine" (biography), in Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Washington, D.C.: United States Congress, retrieved online October 27, 2022.
  10. ^ Woolverton, John Frederic. "William Augustus Muhlenberg and the Founding of St. Paul's College," in Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 192-216. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Historical Society of the Episcopal Church, 1960.
  11. ^ "Muhlenberg, Henry Augustus" (biography), in Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Washington, D.C.: United States Congress, retrieved online October 27, 2022.
  12. ^ "Frederick H. Muhlenberg Dies Suddenly in Reading." Allentown, Pennsylvania: The Morning Call, June 19, 1933.
  13. ^ "Charles H. Muhlenberg, Jr.," in photo included with "Garden Spot High Is Dedicated." Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Daily Intelligencer Journal, February 27, 1920, p. 20 (subscription required).
  14. ^ "Architect, ex-planner for Reading dies at 85" (obituary). Reading, Pennsylvania: The Reading Eagle, March 9, 1985, p. 15.
  15. ^ Hess, America's Political Dynasties, pp. 146, 158-162, 637, 659-660, 688, 697, 722-723, 731.
  16. ^ "Hiester, John" (biography), in Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Washington, D.C.: United States Congress, retrieved online October 27, 2022.
  17. ^ "Hiester, Daniel," in Biographical Directory of the United States Congress." Washington, D.C.: United States Congress, retrieved online October 28, 2022.
  18. ^ "Gabriel Hiester" (biography). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State Senate, retrieved online October 28, 2022.
  19. ^ "Hiester, Joseph" (biography), in Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Washington, D.C.: United States Congress, retrieved online October 27, 2022.
  20. ^ "Hiester, Daniel 1774-1834," in Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Washington, D.C.: United States Congress, retrieved online October 28, 2022.
  21. ^ "William Hiester" (biography). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State Senate, retrieved online October 25, 2022.
  22. ^ "William Muhlenberg Hiester" (biography). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State Senate, retrieved online October 27, 2022.
  23. ^ "Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale College, Deceased during the academical year ending in July, 1871," p. 27. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University, July 12, 1871.
  24. ^ "Clymer, Hiester" (biography). Washington, D.C.: History, Art & Archives, U.S. House of Representatives, retrieved online October 25, 2022.
  25. ^ "Richards, Matthias," in Biographical Directory of the United States Congress." Washington, D.C.: United States Congress, retrieved online October 28, 2022.
  26. ^ Wallace, Paul A. W. The Muhlenbergs of Pennsylvania, p. 245. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1950.
  27. ^ "Governor John Andrew Schulze" (biography). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, retrieved online October 27, 2022.

Family treeEdit

Johann Conrad Weiser, Sr.
(1668–1746)
Conrad Weiser
(1696–1760)
Nicolaus Melchoir MuhlenbergAnna Maria Kleinschmid
Anna Maria WeiserHenry Muhlenberg
(1711–1787)
Peter Muhlenberg
(1746–1847)
Frederick Muhlenberg
(1750–1801)
Henry Ernest Muhlenberg
(1753–1815)
Mary Catherine HallEve Elizabeth MuhlenbergChristopher Emmanuel ShulzeMaria Salome MuhlenbergMatthias Richards
Isaac HiesterHester MuhlenbergFrancis Swaine Muhlenberg
(1795–1831)
Henry William Muhlenberg
(1772–1805)
Henry A. P. Muhlenberg
(1782–1844)
Frederick Augustus Hall Muhlenberg
(1795–1867)
Elizabeth SchaumJohn Andrew Shulze
(1774–1852)
William Muhlenberg Hiester
(1818–1878)
George Frederick Baer
(1842–1914)
William Augustus Muhlenberg
(1796–1877)
Henry Augustus Muhlenberg
(1823–1854)
Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg
(1818–1901)
Catherine Anne Muhlenberg
(granddaughter
of Peter)
Isaac Hiester
(1856–1921)
Mary Kimmell Baer
(1872–1946)
Henry Augustus Mulhenberg III
(1848–1906)
Henrietta A. Muhlenberg
(granddaughter
of Henry A.P.)
William Frederick Muhlenburg
(1852–1915)
George Baer Hiester
(1909–1962)
Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg II
(1887–1980)