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Major Muhammad Akram (Urdu: محمد اکرم; c. 4 April 1938–5 December 1971) NH, was a military officer in the Pakistan Army who was cited with the Nishan-e-Haider posthumously after the military confrontation took place in railway station in Hilli, East-Pakistan.[1]

Muhammad Akram
Major Akram.jpg
Nickname(s)Raja Akram
Born(1938-04-04)April 4, 1938
Dinga, near the Nakka Kalan village in Gujrat District, Punjab, British India
DiedDecember 5, 1971(1971-12-05) (aged 33)
Hilli, Dinajpur, East-Pakistan
Buried
Boaldar Upazil in Dinajpur, East-Pakistan
(now in Boalmari Upazila, in Dinajpur, Bangladesh.)
Allegiance Pakistan
Branch/service Pakistan Army
Years of service1956–71
RankOF-3 Pakistan Army.svgUS-O4 insignia.svgMajor
UnitBadge of 8th Punjab Regiment 1927-56.jpg8th Punjab Regiment
Commands held4th Btn. Frontier Force Regiment
Battles/warsIndo-Pakistani war of 1965
Bangladesh Liberation War
MemorialsNishan Haider Ribbon.gif Nishan-e-Haider (1971)
WebsiteISPR website

BiographyEdit

Muhammad Akram was born in Dinga but later moved to Nakka Kalan, a small village in Gujrat District, in Punjab, India, on 4 April 1938.[2] He was a military brat whose his father, Malik S. Muhammad, was an enlisted personnel in the Indian Army who later retired as a Havildar–an army sergeant– in the Pakistan Army.[2] After securing his graduation from a local middle school in Nakka Kalan, Akram entered to join the Military College Jhelum– an ROTC and an army's OCS in Jhelum, Punjab.[2][3]

In 1953, he dropped out from the Military College Jhelum due to his father's deployment, and had to take the High School equivalency exam where he took examinations in geography and intermediate education.[2] In 1956, he enlisted in the Pakistan Army and posted with the 8th Punjab Regiment as a Pvt. near the border with India.[2]

In 1959, Pvt. Akram was invited to attend the Pakistan Military Academy but only spent a semester after being deployed in East-Pakistan as a Corporal.[2] He received commission in the Army through his years of attendance at the army's OCS in Jhelum in 1961, and was attached to the East Pakistan Rifles as a military advisor in 1963 till 1965.[2] In 1965, Capt. Akram was stationed in

In 1967, Capt. Akram was again deployed in East-Pakistan and served as the quartermaster with the Frontier Force Regiment till 1968.[2]

In 1960, he was accepted by the Pakistan Military Academy and eventually graduated in 1961. He gained a commission in 1961 as part of the 4th Frontier Force Regiment.[1] He participated in 1965 Indo-Pak September War as a Captain where he led several successful military operations against the Indian Army. While stationed in Lahore, he commanded a small company which led several decisive operations against the Indian Armed Forces.[citation needed]

Nishan-e-Haider actionEdit

 
Major Akram Shaheed Memorial

During the east Pakistan War of 1971, the 4th FF Regiment, which at that time was commanded by then Col. Muhammad Mumtaz Malik, was placed in the forward area of the Hilli Municipality (under Hakimpur Upozila, Dinajpur District), in what was then East Pakistan.[citation needed] The regiment came under continuous and heavy air, artillery and armour attacks from the Indian Army. Despite enemy superiority in both numbers and firepower, Akram and his men repulsed many attacks, inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy.[4] He embraced martyrdom in the attack and was posthumously awarded the Nishan-e-Haider, Pakistan's highest military honour.[4]

He was buried in the village of Boaldar, Thana/Upozila-Hakimpur (Banglahilly), District-Dinajpur. There is a monument, Major Akram Shaheed Memorial, in the midst of Jhelum city.

Awards and decorationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Pakistan Army Website, retrieved 10 February 2013
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h ub, urdubiography (12 May 2012). "Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed | Major Muhammad Akram History in Urdu" (htm). www.urdubiography.com (in Roman Urdu). www.urdubiography.com. Retrieved 26 May 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  3. ^ "ALAMGIRIAN SHUHADA – Military College Jhelum". militarycollege.edu.pk. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b Shaheed Foundation Website, retrieved 10 February 2013