Members of the Mughal royal family of Delhi, 1860s.jpg
A photo from The People of India, published from 1868 to the early 1870s by W. H. Allen Ltd, for the India Office.
Regions with significant populations
South Asia[citation needed]
Sindhi[citation needed]UrduPunjabi[citation needed]Bengali[citation needed]
Allah-green.svg Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
Turkic peoples[citation needed]Mongol peoples

The Mughals (Persian: مغول‎‎; Urdu: مغل‎; Arabic: مغول‎‎, also spelled Moghul or Mogul) are a number of culturally related clans of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.[citation needed] In theory, the Mughals are descended from the various Central Asian Turko-Mongol[1] armies that settled in the region. The term Mughal (or Mughul in Persian) literally means Mongolian.[2]


In North IndiaEdit

In North India, the term Mughal refers to one of the four social groups that are referred to as the Ashraaf.[3]

Uttar PradeshEdit

In Uttar Pradesh (UP), their main clans are the Chagatai, Barlas, Douli, Qazilbash, Turkmen, Turk, Uzbek, Tajik, Kai and Chak. The Mughals of Uttar Pradesh belong to both the Sunni and Shia sects, with the majority belonging to the Sunni Hanafi sect. Sunni Mughals are usually orthodox in their religious outlook. The Shia Mughals of Awadh trace their entry into the region to the year 1750. The Mughals of UP are an endogamous community, marrying within their own community, or in communities of a similar status such as the Pathan and Muslim Rajput. The rural Mughals are farmers, and many own orchards, especially mango orchards, while in towns they are engaged in trade, handicrafts, and carpet weaving. Carpet weaving is an activity particularly associated with the UP Mughals.[4]


The city of Delhi has always been associated with the Mughals, being the seat of the Mughal dynasty that ruled parts of the Indian subcontinent for three centuries. Their settlements in Old Delhi date back to the 16th century when the first Mughal courtiers arrived with Babar. The Taimuri clan claims direct descent from the Mughal dynasty. Other sub-groups include the Chagatai, Turkman, Changezi, Barlas, and Douli, Bakhst and Qazilbash. A large number of Mughals from old Delhi emigrated to Pakistan at partition. A small rump community is left in Delhi. They are still an endogamous community, marrying among themselves, or on occasions with communities of a similar status, such the Sayyid and Pathan. The Taimuri are Sunni, while the Qazilbash and Turkmen are Shia.[5]


  1. ^ Liz Wyse and Caroline Lucas (1997). Atlas Of World History. Scotland: Geddes & Grosset. 
  2. ^ Collins Compact Dictionary. Glasgow: HarperCollins. 2002. ISBN 0-00-710984-9. 
  3. ^ Muslim Caste in Uttar Pradesh (A Study of Culture Contact), Ghaus Ansari, Lucknow, 1960
  4. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 986 to 990 Manohar Publications
  5. ^ People of India Delhi Volume XX edited by T. Ghosh & S. Nath pp. 485-489, Manohar Publications