Mozart (crater)

Mozart is a crater on Mercury, named by the IAU in 1976 after Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.[1]

Mozart crater MESSENGER WAC IGF to RGB.jpg
Approximate color image by MESSENGER
Coordinates7°45′N 190°35′W / 7.75°N 190.59°W / 7.75; -190.59Coordinates: 7°45′N 190°35′W / 7.75°N 190.59°W / 7.75; -190.59
Diameter241 km (150 mi)
EponymWolfgang Amadeus Mozart

The arc of dark hills visible on the crater's floor represents remnants of a central peak ring. Mozart is one of 110 peak ring basins on Mercury.[2] A close inspection of the area around Mozart crater shows many long chains of secondary craters, formed by impact of material thrown out during the formation of the main crater.

Mozart crater is located just south of the Caloris basin. To the southeast is Tir Planitia.



  1. ^ "Mozart". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. IAU/NASA/USGS. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  2. ^ Chapman, C. R., Baker, D. M. H., Barnouin, O. S., Fassett, C. I., Marchie, S., Merline, W. J., Ostrach, L. R., Prockter, L. M., and Strom, R. G., 2018. Impact Cratering of Mercury. In Mercury: The View After MESSENGER edited by Sean C. Solomon, Larry R. Nittler, and Brian J. Anderson. Cambridge Planetary Science. Chapter 9.