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Moxoene (Armenian: Մոկք, Mokkʿ) was a province of the ancient kingdom of Armenia, today in Van province, Turkey, as well as a feudal familial name c. 400–800, also known by the name Moghk or Mox, Moxq, Moxus, Moxos, Moks, Mukus, Miks, Mikus, sometimes Mekes, as Muksî or Muskî in Kurdish, today Bahçesaray in Turkish. The settlement was known in Roman times as Moxos, after the 8th century as Mokks or Moks, and after the 18th century as Mukus. Moxoene may have been named after the Bronze Age Mushki people, who according to Assyrian sources, settled in the region.[1]

It was an ancient Armenian province, which was bounded on the south by a part of Assyria called Aruastan (Arowastan) by the Armenians.[2] It was governed by Armenian princes. Their descendants still reigned there in the tenth century.[2] The principality of Moxoene, along with Corduene and Zabdicene, is considered to be a Carduchian dynasty.[3] According to ancient Armenian sources, the Carduchians (Korduk' in Armenian) nobility were Armenian.[4]

Before the Armenian Genocide in 1915 the district contained sixty villages, forty of which were inhabited by Armenians.[5] Faqi Tayran, the Kurdish poet and writer, and Han Mahmud, the 19th-century Kurdish lord, were from this district.


  • Arvenits Dzor
  • Ishots Gavar
  • Mok Arandznak
  • Mija
  • Myus Ishayr
  • Ishayr
  • Jermadzor
  • Arkayits Gavar
  • Argastovit

Known rulersEdit

  • c. 390—Sura (subsequently lost and recovered their power)
  • 415—Atom
  • 445—Artak
  • 480—Ohan

Records are rather scant until the region was in the hands of Smbat Bagratuni c. 850.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Kossian, Aram V. (1997), The Mushki Problem Reconsidered pp. 255
  2. ^ a b Discoveries Among the Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon - Page 358 by Sir Austen Henry Layard, Austin Henry Layard
  3. ^ C. Toumanoff, Introduction to Christian Caucasian History II: Status and Dynasties of the Formative Period, Traditio, Vol. XVII, pp.1-107, 1961, Fordham University Press, New York. (see pp.31-32)
  4. ^ Marciak, Mark, Sophene, Gordyene, and Adiabene: Three Regna Minora of Northern Mesopotamia Between East and West, 2017. [1] pp. 212-214
  5. ^ Layard, Austen (1853). Discoveries in the ruins of Nineveh and Babylon. London: John Murray, Albemarle Street. p. 417.