Mount Pleasant Line

The Mount Pleasant Line, served by Routes 42 and 43, is a Metrobus bus route in Washington, D.C., United States. It was a streetcar line until the 1960s.

42, 43
Mount Pleasant Line
WMATA Metrobus logo.svg
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Overview
SystemMetrobus
OperatorWashington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
GarageWestern, Four Mile Run
StatusIn Operation
Began service40 & 42 (1872), 44 & 46 (September, 1978), 43 (December 28, 2008)
Ended service40, 44, & 46 (March, 1995)
Predecessors40 (1872 to March, 1995), 44 & 46 (September, 1978 to March, 1995)
Route
LocaleNorthwest Washington
Communities servedAdams Morgan, Dupont Circle, Downtown
Landmarks servedDupont Circle, Farragut Square, McPherson Square, Metro Center
StartMount Pleasant
ViaColumbia Road NW
Connecticut Avenue NW
EndMetro Center station (42)
Farragut Square (43)
Length42 (inbound): 3.5 miles (5.63 km)
43 (inbound): 2.4 miles (3.86 km)
Service
Operates4:20 AM – 3:19 AM
TransfersSmarTrip only
TimetableMount Pleasant Line
← 39  {{{system_nav}}}  52 →

Route Description and ServiceEdit

Route 42 operates at nearly all hours of the day during the week, with slightly reduced hours on weekends. Route 43 operates rush hours only, in the peak direction (inbound in the morning, outbound in the evening). Both routes operate out of Western division but some rush hour trips are covered by Four Mile Run.

Routes 42 and 43 begins at Mount Pleasant Street and 17th Street NW in Mount Pleasant, and heads south on Mount Pleasant Street NW and Columbia Road NW until it arrives at an intersection with Connecticut Avenue NW and California Street NW. The routes turns southbound onto Connecticut Avenue, continuing south towards Dupont Circle. Route 42 travels around the circle, providing access to the Dupont Circle station on the Red Line at both Q Street and just south of the circle. Route 43 travels via the Connecticut Avenue underpass, bypassing these two stops as well as a northbound stop at R Street. The routes then continue to Farragut Square, where Route 43 terminates.

Route 42 turns east, traveling eastbound on the one-way H Street NW and westbound along I Street NW. It continues along this one-way pair for a few blocks, then turning south onto 9th Street NW southbound and from 11th Street NW northbound. The route terminates at the intersection of 9th and F Streets NW near the Gallery Place station on the Red, Yellow, and Green Lines.

Routes 42 and 43 stopsEdit

HistoryEdit

40 & 42 initially began operation on the Mount Pleasant Streetcar Line, operated by the Washington Rail & Electric Company, during the year of 1872. The horse streetcars, which these lines originally operated on, were eventually replaced by electric streetcars between the years of 1896 & 1900. While 40 operated all the way between Mount Pleasant neighborhood of Northwest Washington D.C. & Seat Pleasant, MD, via Downtown Washington D.C., 42 only operated between the Mount Pleasant neighborhood of Northwest Washington D.C. & Kingman Park neighborhood of Northeast Washington D.C., via Downtown Washington D.C. [1] Both routes began at Mount Pleasant and ran to H Street, turning east there, south on 14th Street NW, and east on F Street NW along the F Street Line. At 5th Street NW, Route 40 turned south, continuing east around the north side of the Capitol and along East Capitol Street to 15th Street NE, while Route 42 turned north and east past Union Station on the East Washington Line, ending at D Street NE and 13th Street NE. On the other hand, 40 would operate further east towards Seat Pleasant, MD, via East Capitol Street NE, Southern Avenue NE, 63rd Street NE, Eastern Avenue NE, 61rst Street NE, Dix Street NE, 63rd Street NE, Southern Avenue NE, & East Capitol Street NE.[1]. The 40 & 42 streetcar lines were replaced by buses on December 3, 1961 (Route 42) and January 28, 1962 (Route 40)[1]. Eventually, on February 4, 1973, the 40 & 42 Mount Pleasant Line bus routes were converted into WMATA Metrobus Routes when WMATA acquired four bus companies that operated throughout the Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area and merged them all together to form its own, "Metrobus" System.[1].

March 27, 1976 Service ChangesEdit

On March 27, 1976 when the Farrugut North, Metro Center, Judiciary Square, and Union Station opened, 40 & 42 began serving each of the Metro stations in the middle of the routes. No route changes were made during this particular time.

January 17, 1977Edit

On January 17, 1977 when the Dupont Circle Metro Station opened, both the 40 & 42 Metrobus Routes began serving the Dupont Circle Metro Station in the middle of their routes. No route changes were made during this particular time.

September 24, 1978 Route ChangesEdit

On September 24, 1978, the 42 Metrobus Route was extended southeast of its original terminus at the intersection of D Street NE & 13th Street NE in the Kingman Park neighborhood of Northeast Washington D.C., to instead terminate at the newly opened Stadium Armory Metro Station. 40, on the other hand, went through a minor rerouting change to serve the newly opened Stadium Armory Metro Station, in the middle of its route between Mount Pleasant neighborhood of Northwest Washington D.C. & Seat Pleasant, MD, via Downtown Washington D.C. 40 & 42 also went through another minor rerouting change to serve the DC General Hospital, located adjacent to the Stadium Armory Metro Station. During this same exact time, WMATA created its brand new 44 Metrobus Route to operate parallel to the 42 Metrobus Route between the Stadium Armory Metro Station & Mount Pleasant, in order to alleviate crowding/provide additional Metrobus service on the Mount Pleasant Line between those two points. WMATA also created its brand new 46 Metrobus Route to provide brand new Metrobus service between the Mount Pleasant neighborhood of Northwest Washington D.C. and the Kennedy Center in Downtown Washington D.C.[2].

January 4, 1981 Route ChangesEdit

On January 4, 1981, roughly two months after the Capitol Heights Metro Station opened, the 40 Metrobus Route was truncated to only operate between Mount Pleasant & the newly opened Capitol Heights Metro Station, via Metro Center in Downtown Washington D.C., the Union Station, and Stadium Armory Metro Station.[2] The segment of 42's routing between the Capitol Heights Metro Station & former terminus in Seat Pleasant, MD, was taken over/replaced by the F14 Metrobus Route, which was rerouted to operate between the New Carrollton Metro Station & Bradbury Heights, via the newly opened Capitol Heights & Addison Road Metro Stations, instead of operating between the New Carrollton & Deanwood Metro Stations. The U8 Metrobus Route also began operating on this particular segment of 42 & 44's route between Seat Pleasant & the Capitol Heights Metro Station, during the early 1990s once it was introduced. No changes were made to the 42, 44, & 46 Metrobus Routes, which operated as part of the Mount Pleasant Line[2].

March, 1995 Route ChangesEdit

Eventually, in March, 1995, both the 40 & 44 Metrobus Routes were discontinued and 42 was truncated to only operate between Mount Pleasant & Metro Center. The segment of 40, 42, & 44's route between Metro Center & the Union Station, was completely taken over/replaced by the "Sibley Hospital-Stadium Armory" Line Metrobus Routes D1, D3, & D6. The segment of 40, 42, & 44's route between Union Station & Stadium Armory Metro Station, was also completely taken over/replaced by the "Sibley Hospital-Stadium Armory" Line D6 Metrobus Route. The remaining segment of 40's route between the Union Station & Capitol Heights Metro Station, was completely taken over/replaced by the East Capitol Street-Cardozo Line 96 & 97 Metrobus Routes.

December 28, 2008 Route ChangesEdit

42 operated by itself on the Mount Pleasant Line between the early-1990's & December 28, 2008[3]. Then, on December 28, 2008, WMATA created its brand new 43 Metrobus Route to operate alongside the 42 Metrobus Route between Mount Pleasant & Metro Center, except only during weekday rush hour/peak period commuter times to alleviate crowding problems on the 42 Metrobus Route.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "WASHINGTON DC TRANSIT ROUTES". www.chicagorailfan.com. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  2. ^ a b c "New Subway Stops Bring Metrobus Service Changes". Washington Post. January 1, 1981. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  3. ^ "Metro News Release | WMATA". www.wmata.com. Retrieved 2019-11-17.

External linksEdit