The Mossman River is a river located in the Cape York Peninsula of Far North Queensland, Australia.

Mossman
Mossman River during the wet season.jpg
The Mossman River during the wet season, 2010
Mossman River is located in Queensland
Mossman River
Location of Mossman River mouth in Queensland
EtymologyIn honour of Hugh Mosman[1]
Location
CountryAustralia
StateQueensland
RegionFar North Queensland, Cape York Peninsula
CityMossman
Physical characteristics
SourceGreat Dividing Range
 ⁃ locationbelow Devil's Thumb
 ⁃ coordinates16°25′47″S 145°15′3″E / 16.42972°S 145.25083°E / -16.42972; 145.25083
 ⁃ elevation1,050 m (3,440 ft)
MouthTrinity Bay, Coral Sea
 ⁃ location
between Newell and Cooya Beach
 ⁃ coordinates
16°26′04″S 145°24′20″E / 16.43444°S 145.40556°E / -16.43444; 145.40556Coordinates: 16°26′04″S 145°24′20″E / 16.43444°S 145.40556°E / -16.43444; 145.40556
 ⁃ elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length24 km (15 mi)
Basin size472 km2 (182 sq mi)
Basin features
National parkDaintree National Park
[2]

The headwaters of the river rise under Devils Thumb on the Mount Carbine Tableland in the Great Dividing Range. The river flows through a deeply incised valley in the Mount Lewis Forest Reserve in an easterly direction and then through the Mossman Gorge, part of the Daintree National Park,[3] and onto the coastal plain past the township of Mossman, where the river is crossed by the Captain Cook Highway. The river eventually discharges into Trinity Bay and the Coral Sea between Newell and Cooya Beach. The river descends 1,050 metres (3,440 ft) over its 24-kilometre (15 mi) course.[2]

The river has a catchment area of 472 square kilometres (182 sq mi) of which an area of 16 square kilometres (6 sq mi) is composed of estuarine wetlands.[4]

The river was named by the explorer George Dalrymple in 1873 after Hugh Mosman who discovered gold in Charters Towers. Dalrymple wrote "I named this river the Mossman River, after Mossman, an explorer and mining man, member of a very prominent mining family."[1][5]

HistoryEdit

The traditional language area of Kuka-Dyangan (also known as Djangun, Gugu Djangun and Kuka Djangun) includes landscape within the local government boundaries of the Douglas Shire and Cook Shire.[6]

Yalanji (also known as Kuku Yalanji, Kuku Yalaja, Kuku Yelandji, and Gugu Yalanji) is an Australian Aboriginal language of Far North Queensland. The traditional language region is Mossman River in the south to the Annan River in the north, bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the east and extending inland to west of Mount Mulgrave. This includes the local government boundaries of the Shire of Douglas, the Shire of Cook and the Aboriginal Shire of Wujal Wujal and the towns and localities of Cooktown, Mossman, Daintree, Cape Tribulation and Wujal Wujal. It includes the head of the Palmer River, the Bloomfield River, China Camp, Maytown, and Palmerville.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hodes, Jeremy. "Far North Queensland Place names mo – my". Queensland History. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Map of Mossman River, QLD". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  3. ^ "About Mossman Gorge". Mossman Gorge, Daintree National Park. Department of National Parks, Sport and Racing, Queensland Government. 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Mossman River drainage basin". WetlandInfo. Queensland Government. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Nomenclature of Queensland.—200". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane: National Library of Australia. 21 May 1936. p. 14. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  6. ^   This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Indigenous languages map of Queensland". State Library of Queensland. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  7. ^   This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Yalanji". Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages map. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 5 February 2020.