Edward Morley Callaghan
|Died||August 25, 1990 (aged 87)|
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Of Canadian/English-immigrant parentage, Callaghan was born and raised in Toronto, Ontario. He was educated at Withrow PS, Riverdale Collegiate Institute, the University of Toronto and Osgoode Hall Law School. He articled and was called to the Bar, but did not practice law. During the 1920s he worked at the Toronto Star where he became friends with a fellow reporter Ernest Hemingway, formerly of The Kansas City Star. Callaghan began writing stories that were well received and soon were recognized as one of the best short story writers of the day. In 1929 he spent some months in Paris, where he was part of the great gathering of writers in Montparnasse that included Ernest Hemingway, Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and James Joyce.
Callaghan's novels and short stories are marked by undertones of Roman Catholicism, often focusing on individuals whose essential characteristic is a strong but often weakened sense of self. His first novel was Strange Fugitive (1928); several short stories, novellas, and novels followed. Callaghan published little between 1937 and 1950 - an artistically dry period. However, during these years, many non-fiction articles were written in various periodicals such as New World (Toronto), and National Home Monthly. Luke Baldwin's Vow, a slim novel about a boy and his dog, was originally published in a 1947 edition of Saturday Evening Post and soon became a juvenile classic read in school rooms around the world. The Loved and the Lost (1951) won the Governor General's Award. Callaghan's later works include, among others, The Many Colored Coat (1960), A Passion in Rome (1961), A Fine and Private Place (1975), A Time for Judas (1983), Our Lady of the Snows (1985). His last novel was A Wild Old Man Down the Road (1988). Publications of short stories have appeared in The Lost and Found Stories of Morley Callaghan (1985) and in The New Yorker Stories (2001). The four-volume The Complete Stories (2003) collects for the first time 90 of his stories.
Callaghan was also a contributor to The New Yorker, Harper's Bazaar, Maclean's, Esquire, Cosmopolitan, Saturday Evening Post, Yale Review, New World, Performing Arts in Canada, and Twentieth Century Literature.
Callaghan married Loretto Dee, with whom he had two sons: Michael (born November 1931) and Barry (born 1937), a poet and author in his own right. Barry Callaghan's memoir Barrelhouse Kings (1998), examines his career and that of his father. After outliving most of his contemporaries, Callaghan died after a brief illness in Toronto at the age of 87. He was interred in Mount Hope Catholic Cemetery in Ontario.
From 1951 until he died in 1990, the author had lived in the Rosedale, Toronto area, at 20 Dale Avenue. A historic plaque at the nearby Glen Road footbridge summarizes Callaghan's noteworthy writing career and the most significant of his literary contemporaries, including Ernest Hemingway and F Scott Fitzgerald.
Commemorative postage stamp Edit
On September 8, 2003, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the National Library of Canada, Canada Post released a special commemorative series, "The Writers of Canada", with a design by Katalina Kovats, featuring two English-Canadian and two French-Canadian stamps. Three million stamps were issued. Callaghan was chosen for one of the English-Canadian stamps.
- Strange Fugitive - 1928
- It's Never Over - 1930
- A Broken Journey - 1932
- Such Is My Beloved - 1934
- They Shall Inherit the Earth - 1935
- More Joy in Heaven - 1937
- The Loved and the Lost - 1951
- The Many Colored Coat - 1960 (reissued as The Man with the Coat, 1988)
- A Passion in Rome - 1961
- A Fine and Private Place - 1975
- A Time for Judas - 1983
- Our Lady of the Snows - 1985 (based on his novella The Enchanted Pimp)
- A Wild Old Man on the Road - 1988
- No Man's Meat - 1931
- Luke Baldwin's Vow - 1948 (reissued as The Vow, 2006)
- The Varsity Story - 1948
- An Autumn Penitent - 1973 (and In His Own Country)
- Close to the Sun Again - 1977
- No Man's Meat and The Enchanted Pimp - 1978
Short fiction Edit
- A Native Argosy - 1929
- Now That April's Here and Other Stories - 1936
- Morley Callaghan's Stories - 1959
- Stories - 1967
- The Lost and Found Stories of Morley Callaghan - 1985
- The Morley Callaghan Reader - 1997
- The New Yorker Stories - 2001
- The Complete Stories (four volumes) - 2003
- Ancient Lineage and Other Stories - 2012
- The Snob
- The Sentimentalists
- That Summer in Paris: Memories of Tangled Friendships with Hemingway, Fitzgerald and Some Others - 1963
- Winter - 1974
Film adaptations Edit
Further reading Edit
- Boire, Gary A., Morley Callaghan and His Works - 1990
- Boire, Gary A., Morley Callaghan: Literary Anarchist - 1994
- Cameron, Donald, Conversations with Canadian Novelists, Part Two - 1973
- Contemporary Literary Criticism, Volume 3 - 1975
- Contemporary Literary Criticism, Volume 14 - 1980
- Contemporary Literary Criticism, Volume 41 - 1987
- Contemporary Literary Criticism, Volume 65 - 1991
- Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 68: Canadian Writers, 1920–1959, First Series - 1988
- Morley, Patricia, Morley Callaghan - 1978
- Orange, John, Orpheus in Winter: Morley Callaghan's The Loved and the Lost - 1993
- Sutherland, Fraser, The Style of Innocence - 1972
- Wilson, Edmund, O Canada - 1965
- Woodcock, George, Moral Predicament: Morley Callaghan's More Joy in Heaven - 1993
- Books in Canada, April, 1986, pp. 32–33.
- Canadian Forum, March, 1960; February, 1968.
- Canadian Literature, summer, 1964
- Canadian Literature, winter, 1984, pp. 66–69.
- Canadian Literature, autumn, 1990, pp. 148–49.
- Dalhousie Review, autumn, 1959.
- Essays on Canadian Writing, winter, 1984–85, pp. 309– 15
- Essays on Canadian Writing, summer, 1990, pp. 16–20.
- Form and Century, April, 1934.
- New Republic, February 9, 1963.
- New Yorker, November 26, 1960.
- Queen's Quarterly, autumn, 1957
- Queen's Quarterly, autumn, 1989, pp. 717–19.
- Saturday Night, October, 1983, pp. 73–74.
- Tamarack Review, winter, 1962.
- American Spectator, February, 1991.
- "Birthday certificate" Ancestry.
- "Morley Callaghan". The Canadian Encyclopedia, April 2, 2008.
- Clara Thomas, Canadian Novelists 1920-1945, Longmans, Green and Company, Toronto, 1946 p. 17-18
- Office of the Governor General of Canada. Order of Canada citation. Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 26 May 2010
- "Following the Footsteps of Toronto's Past Greats". National Post. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
Amelia Earhart, Morley Callaghan and Lester B. Pearson are among those whose past homes have been honored with blue plaques
- "Toronto's Historical Plaques". Tronto Plaques. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
Morley Callaghan wrote 18 novels and over 100 short stories, all about Canadians. Critically acclaimed around the world
- "50th Anniversary of the National Library / Canadian Authors" Archived 2009-09-23 at the Wayback Machine, Canada Post, Web, March 28, 2011.
- "Review of That Summer in Paris by Morely Callaghan". Kirkus Reviews. 14 January 1962.