Moravia (canton)

Moravia is the fourteenth canton in the San José province of Costa Rica.[2][3] The head city of the canton is San Vicente.

Moravia
Flag of Moravia
Official seal of Moravia
Moravia canton
Moravia canton location in Costa Rica
Moravia canton location in Costa Rica
Moravia
Moravia canton location in Costa Rica
Coordinates: 10°00′32″N 84°01′18″W / 10.0087693°N 84.0215787°W / 10.0087693; -84.0215787Coordinates: 10°00′32″N 84°01′18″W / 10.0087693°N 84.0215787°W / 10.0087693; -84.0215787
Country Costa Rica
ProvinceSan José
Creation1 August 1914[1]
Named forJuan Rafael Mora Porras
Head citySan Vicente
Districts
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipalidad de Moravia
Area
 • Total28.62 km2 (11.05 sq mi)
Elevation
1,297 m (4,255 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total56,919
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−06:00
Canton code114
Websitewww.moravia.go.cr

ToponymyEdit

It is named in honour of President Juan Rafael Mora Porras (1814 – 1860). Since there was already a canton called Mora, this one was named Moravia.[4]

HistoryEdit

Moravia was created on 1 August 1914 by decree 55.[3]

Law No. 55 established Villa San Vicente on 1 August 1914. The first session of the Council of Moravia was held on 19 January 1915, and the first electric street lighting was installed in the same year. Law No. 3248 gave the town of San Vicente city status on 6 December 1963.[5]

GeographyEdit

Moravia has an area of 28.62 km²[6] and a mean elevation of 1,297 metres.[2]

The elongated canton begins in the northern suburbs of the national capital city of San José and continues northeast toward the Cordillera Central (Central Mountain Range). The Virilla, Pará, and Blanco rivers on the north and west, and the Quebrada Azul and Macho rivers on the southeast, partially delineate the boundaries of the canton.[7]

Other rivers in Moravia include Quebrada Barreal, Quebrada Lajas, Quebrada San Francisco, Quebrada Tornillal, Quebrada Yerbabuena, Acequia, Agrá, Hondura, Ipís, Pará Grande, Paracito, and Zurquí. Mountain peaks in the area include Zurquí (1,583m), Vargas (1,396m), and Trina (1,270m).[7]

Moravia combines densely populated suburbs in the south with rural mountain landscapes in the San Jerónimo district to the north. The cantons surrounding Moravia are Vázquez de Coronado to the east and north, San Isidro, Santo Domingo, and Tibás to the west, and Goicoechea to the south.[7]

DistrictsEdit

The canton of Moravia is subdivided into the following districts:

  1. San Vicente
  2. San Jerónimo
  3. La Trinidad

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
19272,778
19505,727106.2%
196311,642103.3%
197319,54867.9%
198433,03869.0%
200050,41952.6%
201156,91912.9%

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos[8]
Centro Centroamericano de Población[9]

For the 2011 census, Moravia had a population of 56,919 inhabitants.[10]

EducationEdit

The first school was founded in 1848, called "school for the education of the children of the residents of San Vicente", and was located on the north side of the current San Vicente city park, called Parque de Moravia. A charity school was created in 1862, with two sections, one for boys and one for women.

In 1891, an adobe and brick building was created for the school and this was renamed Escuela Graduada de Varones de San Vicente (Graduate School for Boys of Saint Vincent) in 1893. Two years later, the name Graduada de Mujeres de San Vicente (Graduate School of Women of Saint Vincent) was added and these names were maintained until 1932, when the school was renamed again as Escuela Porfirio Brenes Castro, its current name. The school Porfirio Brenes Castro now occupies a city block to the south of Parque de Moravia.

The private school, Saint Francis College, was founded on 23 February 1950, and another school, "Colegio Nuestra Señora de Sión", "Saint Anthony School", "Saint Joseph",Liceo de Moravia, began teaching in March 1966.,[5] and Liceo Laboratorio Emma Gamboa.

Costa Rica's Japanese international school, Escuela Japonesa de San José (サンホセ日本人学校 Sanhose Nihonjin Gakkō), is located in Moravia.[11]

TransportationEdit

Road transportationEdit

The canton is covered by the following road routes:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hernández, Hermógenes (1985). Costa Rica: evolución territorial y principales censos de población 1502 - 1984 (in Spanish) (1 ed.). San José: Editorial Universidad Estatal a Distancia. pp. 164–173. ISBN 9977-64-243-5. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Declara oficial para efectos administrativos, la aprobación de la División Territorial Administrativa de la República N°41548-MGP". Sistema Costarricense de Información Jurídica (in Spanish). 19 March 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b División Territorial Administrativa de la República de Costa Rica (PDF) (in Spanish). Editorial Digital de la Imprenta Nacional. 8 March 2017. ISBN 978-9977-58-477-5.
  4. ^ Cantón de Moravia Archived 2011-12-29 at the Wayback Machine Municipalidad de Moravia. Retrieved: 2012-03-13. (in Spanish)
  5. ^ a b Breve Reseña Histórica de Moravia Archived 2011-12-29 at the Wayback Machine Municipalidad de Moravia. retrieved: 2012-03-13. (in Spanish)
  6. ^ "Área en kilómetros cuadrados, según provincia, cantón y distrito administrativo". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Map of Moravia Atlas Cantonal de Costa Rica, 1985.
  8. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos" (in Spanish).
  9. ^ "Sistema de Consulta de a Bases de Datos Estadísticas". Centro Centroamericano de Población (in Spanish).
  10. ^ "Censo. 2011. Población total por zona y sexo, según provincia, cantón y distrito". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  11. ^ "トップへ戻る" Escuela Japonesa de San José. Retrieved on March 15, 2015. "学校所在地 Barrio Los Colegios, de Colegio de Farmaceuticos 50mts.al este , Moravia, San Jose , Costa Rica"