The Monument to Francesco Ferruccio is an equestrian statue dedicated to the Florentine military leader (1489–1530), who fought to repel the troops of the Hapsburg Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, who had invaded Tuscany. The statue is located in the main central piazza Aiale of the hamlet of Gavinana (frazione of San Marcello Piteglio), province of Pistoia, region of Tuscany, Italy.
Monumento a Ferrucci a Gavinana
|Coordinates||44°03′20″N 10°49′12″E / 44.05569°N 10.82002°ECoordinates: 44°03′20″N 10°49′12″E / 44.05569°N 10.82002°E|
|Location||Gavinana, region of Tuscany, Italy|
The equestrian statue on a plinth was commissioned by the commune of Pescia and designed by Emilio Gallori, who also designed the equestrian monument to Garibaldi on the Janiculum. It represents a confident Ferruccio, dressed in armor. The captain is remembered for carrying out a initially victorious sortie against an imperial detachment led by the Prince of Orange Philibert of Chalon. However, by the end of the day, Ferruccio's troops were routed by reinforcements of landsknecht mercenaries, and the captain was captured and executed. In the 19th-century, the brief historical episode was commonly recalled by authors such as Massimo d'Azeglio in Niccolò dei Lapi and Francesco Domenico Guerrazzi in L'Assedio di Firenze, and became emblematic of Italian patriotism and resistance against the foreign occupation of the Italian peninsula. It even continued to be an inspiration in World War I and the battles against Hapsburg Austria-Hungary and the Central Powers.
- ^ Rivista enciclopedica contemporanea, Editore Francesco Vallardi, Milan, (1921), entry by Giorgio Nicodemi, page 30.
- ^ The Garibaldi of the sixteenth century. Francesco Ferrucci and the heroes of the Risorgimento, abstract, article by Alessio Petrizzo, Journal of Modern Italian Studies, Pages 145-156 | Published online: 07 Mar 2013.