Monument to Columbus (Madrid)

The Monument to Columbus (Spanish: Monumento a Colón) is a monument in Madrid, Spain. It lies on the namesake square, the Plaza de Colón. The basement of the monument is a Gothic revival work by Arturo Mélida while the topping statue is a work by Jerónimo Suñol.

Monument to Columbus
Monumento a Colón
Monumento a Colón (Madrid) 01.jpg
Coordinates40°25′31″N 3°41′26″W / 40.425207°N 3.690465°W / 40.425207; -3.690465Coordinates: 40°25′31″N 3°41′26″W / 40.425207°N 3.690465°W / 40.425207; -3.690465
LocationPlaza de Colón, Madrid, Spain
DesignerBasement: Arturo Mélida [es]
Statue: Jerónimo Suñol
HeightBasement: 17 m
Statue: 3.30 m
Dedicated toChristopher Columbus

History and descriptionEdit

The original idea to create a national monument to commemorate Christopher Columbus was promoted by Isabella II in 1864, yet the 1868 Glorious Revolution aborted the project.[1] Later in time, the idea was resumed as the project could serve as commemoration of the upcoming marriage between Alfonso XII and María de las Mercedes.[2] A public contest for the project took place in 1877, and the winner was Arturo Mélida.[3] Following the scrapping of an earlier draft,[3] the 17-metre high basement was built from 1881 to 1885.[4] It was intended to be inaugurated on 4 January 1886, yet the death of the monarch aborted the event.[4]

The 3.30 m high statue, a work in Carrara marble by Jerónimo Suñol featuring Columbus holding a flag of Castile, was delivered to the Ayuntamiento de Madrid in 1892.[5]

The monument was dismantled in 1976 and moved a year later to a nearby location in the Jardines del Descubrimiento [es].[6] It returned to its original location in 2009, in the context of the renovation of the PradoRecoletos axis.[7]


  1. ^ Gálvez Martín 2015, p. 10.
  2. ^ Reyero 2003, p. 58.
  3. ^ a b Navascués Palacio 1972, p. 235.
  4. ^ a b "1892: inauguración del monumento homenaje a Colón". ABC. 12 October 2009.
  5. ^ Montoliú 2002, p. 48.
  6. ^ Montoliú 2002, p. 49.
  7. ^ "Colón regresa a su emplazamiento original y la plaza vuelve a ser glorieta". El Mundo. 21 December 2009.