Mongolia–Turkey relations

Mongolia–Turkey relations refers to the official relationship between Mongolia and Turkey. Two countries have respective embassies in each other's capitals.

Mongolia–Turkey relations
Map indicating locations of Mongolia and Turkey




The Mongols and Turks have developed a strong relationship. Both peoples were commonly nomadic peoples despite ethnic differences, and the cultural sprachbund evolved into a mixture of alliance and conflicts.[1] The Xiongnu people were thought to be the ancestors of modern Mongols and Turks.[2] Both Turks and Mongols view themselves nomadic warriors, and, for a long time, developed a history of fostering alliance against various Chinese Empires in its attempts to preserve its culture and border.[3]

The two peoples also shared a common Turko-Mongol tradition, which gradually developed into the common sense of reverence to Tengrism, with a strong pride based on freedom and honors (however, there are also well documented barbarity and destruction under the Mongol Empire in both Asia and Europe).[4] The belief managed to survive even when the Mongols and Turks adopted other religions, Buddhism and Islam, respectively.

When Genghis Khan established the Mongol Empire, the Turks were split between alliance and hostility. A number of Turkic tribes allied with the Mongol Empire, owning by cultural commonalities; while a number of Turkic tribes rose up and fought against the Mongol rulers, continuing the nomadic traditions.[5] This had continued with various Turko-Mongol governments like Golden Horde, Timurid Empire, the Mughal Empire until the rise of Ottoman Empire, in yet another product of a Turko-Mongol dynasty.[6]

Today, many Turkic peoples continue to share nearly identical cultural customs with their Mongolic counterparts, the result that was traced from history.[7] According from V. Gordlevsky, and retrieved by Russian Turkologist and Mongologist Aleksandr Kadyrbaev "In order to understand the history of Turkic peoples it is necessary to study the Mongols".[8]

Modern relationsEdit

Turkey and Mongolia established relations in 1969 when Mongolia was a communist state. The friendly relationship between two countries was reflected in a ceremony back in 2019, when Turkish ambassador to Mongolia Ahmet Yazal declared "We have historical, cultural and social relations that date back to 2000 years ago. We can do many things to ensure that this friendship will take us further", adding that Turkey will always be a third neighbor of Mongolia.[9]

Also, Turkey and Mongolia have deepened their cooperation, ranged from education to economic assistance, as well as historical commitment to understand the ancient relations of the two nations.[10]


  1. ^ Durand-Guédy, David (June 1, 2010). "Mongols, Turks and Others: Eurasian Nomads and the Sedentary World". Iranian Studies. 43 (3): 420–424. doi:10.1080/00210861003693992. S2CID 162368831.
  2. ^ Totalitarismo, Mister (March 3, 2020). "Xiongnu: The origins of Turkish civilization".
  3. ^ "Mongolia History - Influence of Tang China". Global Security.
  4. ^ "Tengrism". October 13, 2018.
  6. ^ Yulianovich, Pochekaev Roman (September 4, 2014). "Political repressions in the Mongol Empire, Golden Horde and other Turkic-Mongol states, and their justifications (13 th-16 th CC.)". Золотоордынское обозрение (3): 103–120 – via
  7. ^ "The National Museum of Mongolian History: The early Türk Empire and the Uighurs".
  8. ^ Kadyrbaev, Aleksandr Sh. (2005). "Turks (Uighurs, Kipchaks and Kanglis) in the History of the Mongols". Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 58 (3): 249–253. doi:10.1556/AOrient.58.2005.5.3. JSTOR 23658649.
  9. ^ "50 Years of Turkish-Mongolian Diplomatic Relations". Türkiye - Merkez. November 7, 2019.
  10. ^ "Mongolia and Turkey relations and cooperation reported".

External linksEdit