Mohammad Khan Baluch's Rebellion

In the aftermath of Nader's crippling defeat and expulsion from Ottoman Baghdad the commander who was put in charge of the 12,000 soldiers to maintain the siege of the city, Mohammad Khan Baluch, fled from Mesopotamia and returned to southern Persia where taking advantage of Nader's shattered prestige due to his ignominious defeat at the hands of Topal Pasha at the Battle of Samarra, Mohammad Khan raised the banner of rebellion in the south of the country. He also allied with Sheikh Ahmad Madani's Revolt.[1]

Mohammad Khan Baluch's Rebellion
Part of Nader's Campaigns
Zendan karim khan1.JPG
Arg of Karim Khan was a stronghold in southern Persia erected during the eighteenth century
Date1733–1734
Location
Southern Persia
Result

Safavid victory

  • Rebellion quelled
Territorial
changes
The south of the empire is brought back under government control
Belligerents
Safavid Empire Forces loyal to Mohammad Khan Baluch
Commanders and leaders
Nader
Tahmasp Khan Jalayer
Ahmad Khan  (POW)
Kirklu Karim Khan  (POW)
Mohammad Khan Baluch (POW)
Strength

~5,000 (Ahmad Khan) ~12,000 (Kirklu Karim Khan)

~12,000 (Tahmasp Khan Jalayer)
Unknown

Nader Guli sent the Shirazian vali to Megasets to suppress the uprising. He went there, but himself rebelled against Nader Guli and even collected troops for a campaign on Isfahan. Mohammad Khan Baluch went to the Bender area to recruit soldiers, and interrupted a number of residents who did not want to join him. Those who agreed to serve with him, Mohammad Khan Baluch took to his army and went to Shiraz, where he began to prepare for the campaign on Isfahan.

Letter from Nader ShahEdit

"What are you up to? You were always our faithful servant and did only good deeds. I exalted you and you were my best general, so why did you raise your weapon against me? Repent and turn from the chosen path back, and God forbid that your eyes become confused! ".

However, Mohammad Khan Baluch rejected Nader's demand and replied: "I firmly decided to sacrifice myself for the task I had set. May Allah repay what He pleases, for you, and me! Or I will die by your hand or you from mine! Know that!".

Nader forsakes MesopotamiaEdit

Returning from the debacle in front of the gates of Baghdad Mohammad Khan Baluch seized the opportunity which this vacuum of power and authority in the country afforded him to take up arms in the hope of carving out his own independent fiefdom. After the decisive victory of the Ottomans in the first Mesopotamian campaign Nader managed to rebuild his army in an astonishingly small time frame and take to the field once more, this time crushing the main Ottoman army and capturing all its guns and baggage. Poised to take Baghdad he was forced to finally turn back and deal with Mohammad Khan's strengthening rebellion. Marching south east Nader was joined by Tahmasp Khan Jalayer as well as the governor of Kohgiluyeh.

Сrushing rebelsEdit

When Nader learned of this response, he interrupted the negotiations and moved to Shiraz. Seeing that the troops of Nader Guli approached, Mohammad Khan Baluch left the city and met him on the plain. In the battle, Mehmed Khan's troops were exterminated, and he himself managed to escape and hide in the fortress of, which was near Bender.

Mohammad Khan's gruesome demiseEdit

The rebel leader fled to Shiraz and onto the coast of the Persian Gulf where he sought to escape to an island using the services of some pirates. Eventually he was arrested and taken back to Nader who ordered his eyes to be gouged out. Nader also ordered reprisals against the population centres in the south that were connected to the revolt, many of the tribes that had participated were forcibly migrated to further east. Mohammad Khan Baluch later died due to the severity of his injuries.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Axworthy, Michael (2009-02-28). The Sword of Persia: Nader Shah, from Tribal Warrior to Conquering Tyrant. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 139–143. ISBN 978-1-84511-982-9.

SourcesEdit