Mass in D major, K. 194
The Missa brevis in D major, K. 194/186h, is a mass composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and completed on 8 August 1774. It is scored for SATB soloists, SATB choir, violin I and II, 3 trombones colla parte, and basso continuo.
|Missa brevis in D major|
|Mass by W. A. Mozart|
The composer in 1777
|Vocal||SATB choir and soloists|
This missa brevis is thought to have been composed for ordinary liturgical use in the Salzburg Cathedral, under the directive of Archbishop Colloredo. Mozart tried to satisfy Colloredo's demands for brevity and concision in the composition of this mass – none of the movements have an orchestral prelude, the orchestra itself is highly reduced, there is very little fugal writing, and much of the setting is homophonic. In 1793, the Lotter house published the mass posthumously; it was the first of Mozart's works to appear in print.
The mass consists of six movements. Performances require approximately 15 minutes.
- Kyrie Andante, D major, common time
- Gloria Allegro moderato, D major, common time
- Credo Allegro, D major, 3/4
- "Et incarnatus est" Andante moderato, D major, common time
- "Et resurrexit" Allegro, D major, 3/4
- Sanctus Andante, D major, common time
- "Pleni sunt coeli et terra" Allegro, D major, 3/4
- Benedictus Andante ma non troppo, G major, common time
- "Hosanna in excelsis" Allegro, D major, 3/4
- Agnus Dei Andante, D major, 3/4 (beginning in B minor)
- "Dona nobis pacem" Allegro, D major, common time
- Eisen, Cliff; Keefe, Simon, eds. (2006). The Cambridge Mozart Encyclopedia. p. 274.
- Einstein, Alfred (1945). Mozart: His Character, His Work. p. 334.
- Sadie, Stanley (2006). Mozart: The Early Years 1756–1781. p. 349.
- Deutsch, Otto Erich (1966). Mozart: A Documentary Biography. Stanford University Press. p. 9.