Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations (Soviet Union)
The foreign trade of the USSR was a government monopoly and was conducted by the Ministry of Foreign Trade. This Ministry maintained control over the planning and operation of foreign trade through main administrations for imports and exports and for certain large geographical areas, as well as through foreign-trade corporations holding monopolies for specific commodities or services.
Postwar industrialization and an expansion of foreign trade resulted in the proliferation of all-union foreign trade organizations (FTOs), the new name for foreign trade corporations and also known as foreign trade association.
In 1946 the People's Commissariat of Foreign Trade was reorganized into the Ministry of Foreign Trade. The Ministry of Foreign Trade, through its FTOs, retained the exclusive right to negotiate and sign contracts with foreigners and to draft foreign trade plans.
The State Committee for Foreign Economic Relations (Gosudarstvennyi komitet po vneshnim ekonomicheskim sviaziam — GKES), created in 1955, managed all foreign aid programs and the export of complete factories through the FTOs subordinate to it. Certain ministries, however, had the right to deal directly with foreign partners through their own FTOs.
On January 17, 1988, Izvestia reported the abolition of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and GKES. These two organizations were merged into the newly created Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, which had responsibility for administering foreign trade policy and foreign aid agreements. Other legislation provided for the establishment of joint enterprises. The government retained its monopoly on foreign trade through a streamlined version of the Soviet foreign trade bureaucracy as it existed before the January 17 decree.
List of ministersEdit
- Leonid Krasin (6.7.1923–18.11.1925)
- Aleksandr Cyurupa (18.11.1925–6.1.1926)
- Lev Kamenev (8.1.1926–14.8.1926)
- Anastas Mikoyan (15.8.1926–22.10.1930)
- Arkadi Rozenholz (5.11.1930–14.6.1937)
- Evgeni Chivyalev (19.1.1938–30.11.1938)
- Anastas Mikoyan (30.11.1938–4.3.1949)
- Mikhail Menshikov (4.3.1949–10.11.1951)
- Pavel Kumykin (10.11.1951–?)
- Ivan Kabanov (15.9.1953–26.8.1958)
- Nikolai Patolichev (26.8.1958–19.10.1985)
- Boris Aristov (19.10.1985–16.1.1988)
- Konstantin Katushev (16.1.1988–1.12.1991)
- "Organization Of The Ministry of Foreign Trade USSR" (PDF). CIA. Retrieved 18 November 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Zickel, Raymond E. (1991). Soviet Union: a country study; research completed May 1989 (2. ed., 1. print. ed.). Washington, DC: US Gov. Print. Off. pp. 593-594. ISBN 0844407275.
- "Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 1917–1964". Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 1964–1991". Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)