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Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws related to agriculture in India. The three broad areas of scope for the Ministry are agriculture, food processing and co-operation. The agriculture ministry is headed by Minister of Agriculture Narendra Singh Tomar. Abhishek Singh Chauhan, Krishna Raj and Parsottambhai Rupala are the Ministers of State.

Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
JurisdictionIndiaRepublic of India
HeadquartersKrishi Bhavan
Dr.Rajendra Prasad Road
New Delhi
Annual budget41,855 crore (US$6.1 billion) (2017-18 est.)[1]
Ministers responsible
Websiteagriculture.gov.in

Contents

BackgroundEdit

Agriculture is the principal source of livelihood for more than half population of India. Agriculture provides the bulk of wage goods required by non-agriculture sectors and most of the raw materials for the industries sector. India is a largely agrarian economy - with 52.1% of the population estimated to directly or indirectly employed in agriculture and allied sectors in 2009-10.[3] The combined efforts of Central Government, State Governments and the farming community have succeeded in achieving record production of 244.78 million tonnes of foodgrains during 2010-11. This record production has been achieved through effective transfer of newly developed crop production technologies to farmers under various crop development schemes, such as the Agriculture MMP, which is run under the direction of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation. Other causes behind record production include remunerative prices for various crops through enhanced minimum support prices.[4] Agriculture in India is of significance because of this as well as a history of food shortages and a growing population.

OriginsEdit

Department of Revenue and Agriculture and Commerce was set up in June 1871 to deal with all the agricultural matters in India. Until this ministry was established, matters related to agriculture were within the portfolio of the Home Department.[5]

In 1881, Department of Revenue & Agriculture was set up to deal with combined portfolios of education, health, agriculture, revenue. However, In 1947, Department of Agriculture was redesignated as Ministry of Agriculture.[5]

The Ministry of Agriculture was renamed as the Ministry for Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare on August 15, 2015 with a view to take care of farming community needs.[6]

Structure and departmentsEdit

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare consists of the following two departments.[7]

  • Department of Agriculture, Co-operation and Farmers Welfare. This Department's responsibilities are assigned to it in the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 as amended time to time. Co-operation in this context refers largely to promote farmer co-operative movements.[8] The Agriculture MMP is another program run by this depart that aims to replicate the agricultural e-governance projects being carried in different states at a national level and through a variety of media.
  • Department of Agriculture Research and Education. This Department's responsibilities are basic and operation research, technology development, improving linkages between various organisations and state governments across the country. In addition, this Department manages the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.[9]

The administrative head of the Ministry are the Secretaries of the three departments.

ProgramsEdit

A leading program of the Ministry is the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, which was launched in 2007 on the recommendations of the National Development Council of India. This program sought to improve the overall state of agriculture in India by providing stronger planning, better co-ordination and greater funding to improve productivity and overall output. The total budget for this program in 2009-10 was just over INR 38,000 crore.[10]

Reports and statisticsEdit

The Ministry publishes an annual report titled "Agricultural Statistics At a Glance". This gives a detailed picture of the state of the India's agriculture including demographics of the agrarian sector, crop production (including state-wise and crop-wise break-ups), rural economic indicators such as credit, etc. The latest report has been published for 2014.[11]

List of Ministers of Agriculture and Farmers' WelfareEdit

Ministers of Agriculture (India)
Name Portrait Term of office Political Party Prime Minister Reference
Rajendra Prasad   02 September 1946 14 January 1948 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
Jairamdas Daulatram 19 January 1948 13 May 1950 [12]
K M Munshi 13 May 1950 13 May 1952 [13]
Rafi Ahmed Kidwai 13 May 1952 24 October 1954 [14]
Ajit Prasad Jain 25 November 1954 24 August 1959 [15]
S. K. Patil 24 August 1959 01 September 1963 [16]
Swaran Singh 01 September 1963 09 June 1964 [17]
Chidambaram Subramaniam 09 June 1964 12 March 1967 Lal Bahadur Shastri
Jagjivan Ram   13 March 1967 27 June 1970 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi [18]
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 27 June 1970 03 July 1974 [19]
Jagjivan Ram   10 October 1974 02 February 1977 [19]
Parkash Singh Badal   28 March 1977 17 June 1977 Shiromani Akali Dal Morarji Desai
Surjit Singh Barnala   18 June 1977 28 July 1979 [19]
Brahm Prakash 30 July 1979 14 January 1980 Indian National Congress Charan Singh
Rao Birendra Singh 14 January 1980 31 December 1984 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi [20]
Buta Singh   31 December 1984 12 May 1986 Rajiv Gandhi [21]
Gurdial Singh Dhillon 12 May 1986 13 February 1988
Bhajan Lal 14 February 1988 02 December 1989 [22]
Chaudhary Devi Lal   06 December 1989 02 August 1990 Janata Dal V. P. Singh [23]
Chaudhary Devi Lal   21 November 1989 20 June 1991 Janata Dal Chandrasekhar [24]
Balram Jakhar   21 June 1991 17 January 1996 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao [25]
Jagannath Mishra 08 February 1996 16 May 1996 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao [25]
Suraj Bhan 16 May 1996 01 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee [26]
H. D. Deve Gowda 1 June 1996 10 July 1996 Janata Dal H. D. Deve Gowda [27]
Chaturanan Mishra 10 July 1996 19 March 1998 Communist Party of India H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 19 November 1998 22 November 1999 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee [28]
Nitish Kumar   22 November 1999 03 March 2000 Janata Dal (United) [28]
Sunder Lal Patwa 06 March 2000 26 May 2000 Bharatiya Janata Party [28]
Nitish Kumar   27 May 2000 22 July 2001 Janata Dal (United) [28]
Ajit Singh 2 July 2001 23 May 2003 Rashtriya Lok Dal [29]
Rajnath Singh   24 May 2003 21 May 2004 Bharatiya Janata Party [30]
Sharad Pawar   22 May 2004 26 May 2014 Nationalist Congress Party Manmohan Singh [31]
Radha Mohan Singh   27 May 2014 30 May 2019 Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi [32]
Narendra Singh Tomar   30 May 2019 Incumbent Bharatiya Janata Party

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "EXPENDITURE OF MINISTRIES AND DEPARTMENTS : A3" (PDFZ). Indiabudget.gov.in. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare, Government of India". Agriculture.gov.in. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  3. ^ Economic Survey 2010, p. 180.
  4. ^ "About DAC" Archived 20 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine, "Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India", Retrieved 2015-4-24
  5. ^ a b "Organisational History of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  6. ^ https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/69th-independence-day-prime-minister-narendra-modis-independence-day-speech/article7544397.ece
  7. ^ "Ministry of Agriculture - Agriculture - Sectors: National Portal of India". Web.archive.org. 5 June 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  8. ^ "National Portal of India". Web.archive.org. 3 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  9. ^ "National Portal of India". Web.archive.org. 3 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  10. ^ ":::Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana:::". rkvy.nic.in.
  11. ^ "Economics And Statistics,Ministry Of Agriculture,Government Of India". Eands.dacnet.nic.in.
  12. ^ "[1]". External link in |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)[2] (RAJYA SABHA MEMBERS, BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, 1952 - 2003: J)
  13. ^ "[3]". External link in |title= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)[4] (RAJYA SABHA MEMBERS, BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES, 1952 - 2003: J)
  14. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  15. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  16. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  17. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  18. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  19. ^ a b c "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". 47.132.
  20. ^ "9th Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  21. ^ "Official biographical sketch on Lok Sabha website". 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Fifteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Bhajan Lal,Shri". 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  23. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  24. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 47.132.
  25. ^ a b "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". 47.132. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015.
  26. ^ "Biographical Sketch of Member of XI Lok Sabha". 47.132.
  27. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Devegowda,Shri H.D." 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  28. ^ a b c d "Fourteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Nitish Kumar,Shri". 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  29. ^ Official biographical sketch on Lok Sabha website Archived 1 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ "Official biographical sketch on Lok Sabha website". 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  31. ^ "Official biographical sketch on Lok Sabha website". 47.132. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit