MindGeek (formerly Manwin) is a privately held Canadian company that focuses primarily on Internet pornography. Though legally registered in Luxembourg, it operates mainly from Canada with headquarters in Montreal and additional offices in Dublin, London, Hamburg, Bucharest, Nicosia, Miami, San Diego and Los Angeles.
|Industry||Adult industry, information technology (IT)|
|Founded||June 2004Montreal, Quebec, Canada(as Mansef) in|
|Headquarters||7777 Decarie Blvd, Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Revenue||US$460 million (2015)|
CEO Feras Antoon|
COO David Marmorstein Tassillo 
Number of employees
MindGeek owns and operates many popular pornographic websites, including video sharing services Pornhub, RedTube, and YouPorn, as well as adult film production companies Brazzers, Digital Playground, Men.com, Reality Kings, and Sean Cody, among others.
MindGeek has its origins in Mansef and Interhub (owners of Brazzers and Pornhub) founded in 2004 and 2007 respectively by Stephane Manos, Ouissam Youssef and Matt Keezer in Montreal, which internet entrepreneur Fabian Thylmann bought in 2010 changing their name to Manwin, going on an acquisition spree thereafter with financing from Colbeck Capital to buy out many other popular pornographic websites. Thylmann later sold his stake in Manwin, after coming under tax evasion charges, to the senior management of the company in Montreal composed of Feras Antoon and David Tassillo, who later changed the company's name to MindGeek.
It is the largest pornographic company owning both free and paid websites, an advertising network, and major professional porn studios and as such has garnered criticism for having detrimental effects on the porn industry due to its monopolistic control of the supply chain. The company has also been at the various ends of copyright lawsuits both as a plaintiff and defendant, for hosting pirated content or accusing others of hosting theirs. It has also been criticized for supporting age verification checks and creating tools thereof such as AgeID for compliance to the Digital Economy Act 2017 in UK.
MindGeek is a member of the Association of Sites Advocating Child Protection and uses the "Restricted To Adults" label to identify its pornographic websites.
Origins and early historyEdit
In the late 1990s, German-born Fabian Thylmann created NATS (Next-Generation Affiliate Tracking Software), which was used for marketing pornography across different websites. In 2006, Thylmann sold his shares in the company that controlled NATS and used the proceeds to purchase the Privat Amateure website.
- Acquisition of Mansef
Mansef was founded by Concordia University graduates Stephane Manos and Ouissam Youssef (Mansef a portmanteau of the two's surnames) with Matt Keezer in 2003 as the holding company for various "thumbnail gallery post" websites and an affiliate network. It later launched Brazzers and a porn production company among various other pay sites. Keezer started PornHub in 2007 under Interhub in which Mansef was also a partner. Mansef was run as a familial business with company managers being related to each other; Manos, Youssef and Keezer later wanted to sell the companies due to their parents not knowing the pornographic nature of them, looking to disassociate themselves from Mansef and Interhub.
Manos and Youssef now run Valnet Inc. and Valsef Capital online media and investment companies of the Valsef Group. Valnet owns websites such as Screenrant.com, CBR.com, TheRichest.com among others.
In April 2011, Manwin raised US$362 million dollars in financing from Colbeck Capital, which Thylmann used to buy other pornographic companies such as Playboy TV, Digital Playground, Twistys, YouPorn, Redtube, and Gaytube among others. Adult blogger/journalist Mike South initially broke the story as Fortress Investment Group (which was part of the investment) financing Manwin with US$168 million. Fox Business News reported on it in March 2013.
In October 2013, Thylmann sold his stake in Manwin to the senior management of the company, composed of Feras Antoon and David Tassilo, for $100 million, and later in the same month the company's name was changed to Mindgeek. This took place as Manwin and Redtube, a very large porn tube site not in its network, merged.
In March 2013, Mindgeek's co-owner Feras Antoon and his brother Mark Antoon were cited alongside the CEO of gaming technology giant Amaya Inc. and various of its own senior officers and stakeholders. The Quebec Market Authority, the province's market regulator that is somewhat equivalent to the U.S. SEC, investigated Amaya's executives for trading on privileged information. According to the charges, some Mindgeek executives were found to have benefited from the leak of information, although they were not major players in the insider trading ring.
Timeline of acquisitions and partnershipsEdit
- June 2010
- Manwin opened non-adult video sharing website Videobash.com (now defunct).
- September 2010
- Manwin acquired EuroRevenue, which owned various niche pornography sites.
- November 2010
- Manwin introduced celebrity news website Celebs.com (now defunct).
- December 2010
- Manwin entered into a partnership with Wicked Pictures to manage Wicked Pictures' paysites.
- June 2011
- Manwin bought all adult related assets of Carsed Marketing Incorporated, including Twistys, Twistys Cash Affiliate Program, GayTube, SexTube and TrannyTube.
- June 2011
- Manwin created 3DXSTAR in a partnership with Funky Monkey Productions.
- November 2011
- Manwin became an operating partner of Playboy, managing the brand's online and entertainment business Playboy Plus Entertainment, which operates a number of television channels and online services based in the UK and Benelux. Playboy CEO Scott Flanders later described the deal as "the biggest mistake I've made at the company," saying that "Playboy should not have association with being in the sex-act business." In the spring of 2014, Playboy took back control of Playboy.com "at significant expense", although Mindgeek still retained control of Playboy TV and Playboy Plus, and Mindgeek still owns the Spice TV channels, which were also bought from Playboy.
- November 2011
- Manwin launched Legendary Stats, a service that aggregates multiple affiliate programs and is targeted at affiliate site operators with large traffic volumes.
- January 2012
- Manwin signed a deal to acquire the assets of the American pornographic movie studio Digital Playground.
- April 2012
- Manwin and Miami-based RK Netmedia Inc. filed a merger notification jointly authorized by Manwin and Reality Kings with the Austrian Federal Competition Authority. In September 2012, Manwin completed the acquisition. Company documents show that following the deal in the autumn, RK Holdings gave a Dublin company, Manwin Content RK, the right to use thousands of its pornography movies.
- June 2012
- Manwin Launched Babes.com for its "glamcore" network.
- July 2013
- Manwin filed a merger notification with the Austrian Competition Authority to acquire RedTube.com. During the summer of 2013, Manwin / Mindgeek acquired all of RedTube properties from Hong Kong-based Bright Imperial Ltd. for an undisclosed sum. In December 2013, the domain name RedTube8.xxx was also transferred to MindGeek after a trademark dispute.
- December 2014
- MindGeek announced they had signed a deal to manage the online assets of Really Useful Ltd., some of which include the websites BDSM.xxx, Casting.xxx, Czech.xxx, DaneJones.com, FakeAgent.com, FakeTaxi.com, Lesbea.com, MassageRooms.com, Mature.xxx, Mom.xxx, Orgasms.xxx, PublicAgent.com, PublicSex.xxx, Teen.xxx, and Tubes.xxx.
- April 2015
- Playboy Plus and M7 Group formed a partnership to launch Reality Kings TV in Benelux and Central and Eastern Europe on satellite TV services.
- May 2015
- Mindgeek signed a distribution deal with Pulse Distribution, one of the largest distributors of adult entertainment, to distribute content from Mindgeek's movie studios, including content from Brazzers and Digital Playground, and DVDs from Babes.com, Men.com, Mofos and Reality Kings.
MindGeek operates under a complex structure of multiple companies in countries such as the British Virgin Islands, Canada, Curacao, Cyprus, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Netherlands, the UK and the US. Its structure has been described as mostly a way to avoid corporate tax by a de facto Canadian company; with billing companies in Ireland, subsidiaries in Curaçao and holding ones in Cyprus and Luxembourg, all countries that have been identified as tax havens or having lax tax regulations, Canada also has special tax treaties with Luxembourg, the legal headquarters of MindGeek, where a Canadian subsidiary is exempt from taxes paid on royalties to its Luxembourg parent.
In 2013, the adult industry news website XBIZ described MindGeek as "the largest adult entertainment operator globally", and a spokesperson from Manwin, who spoke to the Irish Independent newspaper in 2013, stated that they are "one of the top five bandwidth consumption companies in the world". The Internet pornography review site TheBestPorn.com lists 164 pornographic membership sites that are owned or represented by MindGeek.
It has been reported that MindGeek's dominance in online pornography may have negative results because of the monopolistic powers they have from owning both production and distribution avenues.
The "Pornhub Network" is a network of web 2.0 websites accessible through Mindgeek's PornMD search engine. Mindgeek owns and operates all of the websites in the Pornhub Network, which includes GayTube, Peeperz, PornIQ (launched by Pornhub), PornMD, Pornhub RedTube Thumbzilla, Tube8, and YouPorn.
The three highest ranking sites in the Pornhub Network are Pornhub, RedTube and YouPorn. In November 2013, it was reported that Pornhub has over 1 billion visitors per month, and a December 2014 article in Adweek states that Pornhub has 50 million daily visitors. Pornhub.com scores at Alexa Global Rank 25 (as of 27 July 2018).
According to TrafficEstimate.com, Redtube.com generates over 90 million visits per month, and YouPorn.com generates almost 80 million visits per month (based on the data for 30 days up to mid November 2014. Data for Pornhub.com was not available from TrafficEstimate). YouPorn claim that their partner program has 400 content providers who participate.
Babes.com is Mindgeek's major mainstream adult production studio, producing the pornographic website "Babes", which was launched in 2012. The website is categorized as glamcore, short for "glamour hardcore". The full-length videos are accessible to registered members. The website itself is considered important within the glamcore pornography sector. Glamcore typically features aesthetically appealing models; the film set includes natural lighting and high-definition cinematic elements that set it apart from traditional pornographic films. Babes.com is carefully run under the supervision of MindGeek so as to avoid all illegal activities. There are currently five major websites operating under Babes.com, which feature thematically different aspects in terms of settings and sexual preferences. The Babes network is categorised not only by themes and videos (like most pornographic websites), but also by participating models and actresses. As of November 2016, the Babes website had a global traffic ranking of 11,441. The website ranks as the third most-accessed site of MindGeek's network of porn sites.
- Pornography for mobile devices
MindGeek's mobile pornography websites handle millions of visits each day in North America, they were awarded the "Future Mobile Award for Mobile Adult Services" by Juniper Research in 2012.
Pornographic movie studiosEdit
MindGeek owns the pornographic movie studios Babes.com, Brazzers, Digital Playground, Reality Kings, Twistys, and Men.com, they manage the websites of Wicked Pictures, and Really Useful Ltd., and they established 3DXSTAR in partnership with Funky Monkey Productions. Mindgeek also manage Playboy's online and television operations (although they no longer manage Playboy.com, see history section above). In January 2014, a Mindgeek official stated that they were developing an Android app for Google's Chromecast digital media player, along with an app for Panasonic smart TVs, that would enable streaming of Playboy.tv content. The plan to release a Chromecast app was shown to be unfeasible in February 2014, when Google originally revealed their terms of service for Chromecast app developers, which stated that "We don't allow content that contains nudity, graphic sex acts, or sexually explicit material."
- Reality pornography
Global Alexa ranksEdit
(25 February 2017)
Mindgeek host advertisements on their sites using their TrafficJunky ad network and other sites, which receives billions of ad impressions on a daily basis.
Pornhub (which is owned by Mindgeek) has conducted several of its own advertising campaigns, including a billboard in Times Square, product placement in the film Don Jon, and a tree planting campaign. According to the vice president of Pornhub, Corey Price (who commented in December 2014), Pornhub want to make watching porn "something that's acceptable to talk about", which would be likely to benefit Pornhub, since according to Price "it's still taboo [to advertise on X-rated sites like Pornhub]". In October 2013, the media and marketing publication Digiday reported that Pornhub has already shown advertisements for various mainstream products on the Pornhub web site, including advertisements for movies, musical acts, anti-virus software, and a food delivery service, although most advertisements were still adult-related.
It was reported in April 2013 that visitors to some of the world's most popular (by Alexa rank) pornography sites risked malware being installed on their machines by malicious third party advertisements. The claims were made by security researcher Conrad Longmore, who writes a blog on malware, spam and scams. Longmore's figures were collected using Google Safe Browsing Diagnostics, which looks for harmful content on websites, and the statistics for two sites; xHamster and Pornhub were published by BBC News. The BBC article stated that based on Longmore's research, 5% of pages on xHamster (which has never been owned by Mindgeek / Manwin), and 12.7% of pages on Pornhub incorporated malvertising. MindGeek (still known as Manwin at the time) said in a statement that their own figures showed that 0.003% of the advertisements they served over the period that Longmore's data was collected contained malware, and they said that the advertisements they serve are monitored for malware and malware is immediately removed.
In July 2013, Manwin announced that they had come to an agreement with the online security provider RiskIQ to scan third party advertisements hosted on their TrafficJunky ad network for malware before they go live, and to continue to monitor ads for malware once they are live.
Age controls and child protectionEdit
Mindgeek has been a Platinum Sponsor of ASACP (Association of Sites Advocating Child Protection) since 2011. ASACP is an American non-profit organization that fights against child pornography and aims to enhance the effectiveness of parental content filtering technology through the provision of the RTA ("Restricted to Adults") label, which can be implemented by webmasters of adult sites.
Age verification in the UKEdit
In March 2014 the UK video-on-demand co-regulator ATVOD requested a change in the law so that credit and debit card operators would be forbidden from processing payments from British customers of pornographic websites that did not carry out age checks before granting access. MindGeek responded with a statement that: "The best solution lies in a multi-layered approach in which the parent assumes the central role." The UK's Conservative Party won the country's 2015 general election with a pledge to obligate UK internet service providers to block access to hardcore pornographic websites that did not implement age restrictions by using verifiable age checks. In light of this Mindgeek joined talks in May 2015 with the Digital Policy Alliance (DPA), an organisation that is funded by digital technology companies and informs members of parliament in the UK and the EU on policy issues that affect online and digital technologies. The DPA has a working group to create age verification methods that could be used to comply with such laws.
The Digital Economy Act 2017 introduced the relevant legislation, and in March 2018 MindGeek announced that its AgeID age-verification tool, which has been in use in Germany since 2015, would be made available in the UK in time for the proposed introduction of compulsory age-verification in April 2018. It was intended that the software would be made commercially available to all pornographic websites accessible within the UK, and offered free to independent UK studios, producers and bloggers. The software uses "third-party age-verification companies" to authenticate the age of those who register, after which they are able to access multiple sites across multiple devices without logging in again. Mindgeek is one of the leading private companies competing to provide an age-verification solution for the British Board of Film Classification, the organisation responsible for the age-verification process. The implementation date was originally April 2018 but has since been delayed to allow time for public consultation. In May 2018 the Open Rights Group, a UK-based digital rights campaigning organisation, criticized Mindgeek's record on data security and commented: "Allowing pornographic sites to own and operate age verification tools leads to a conflict of interest between the privacy interests of the user, and the data-mining and market interests of the company."
Antitrust lawsuit against ICM and ICANNEdit
Manwin Licensing and Digital Playground filed an antitrust lawsuit in California in November 2011, against ICANN and ICM Registry over the introduction of the .xxx TLD. Amongst their allegations, Manwin claimed that in introducing the new suffix, ICANN and ICM registry had exploited the market by making domain registrations expensive with no price caps in place, and created a need for defensive domain registrations with no provision for companies to block typos of their trademarks. Manwin announced that it would not allow its content to be used on any sites with the suffix, with Fabian Thylmann, who was then managing partner of Manwin saying: "We oppose the .XXX domain and all it stands for. It is my opinion that .XXX domain is an anticompetitive business practice that works a disservice to all companies that do business on the Internet."
In September 2012, ICM filed a counterclaim for $120 Million against Manwin Licensing International. Part of the 24-page long claim alleged: "Manwin, Digital Playground, and their related companies, affiliates, brands, and certain third party affiliates have conspired to boycott the .XXX TLD and have coerced and/or encouraged the boycott of .XXX websites by third parties."
All of ICM's counterclaims were dismissed in the second half of February 2013. The judge in the case stated: "Harm to ICM only is not sufficient to constitute antitrust injury. It must allege harm to the competitive process."
In May 2013, Manwin agreed to settle the antitrust lawsuit it brought against ICM Registry over the cost of .xxx web domain names. The settlement will result in discounted wholesale prices of $7.85 a year for .xxx names during May 2013, and similar offers the future. ICM Registry is owned by British former fax-machine mogul Stuart Lawley. The settlement provides that ICM will not pay any money directly to MindGeek.
In July 2013, Manwin was sued by the operators of Skky Inc.; John Mikkelson and Robert Freidson in Minneapolis over the alleged infringement of a patent that describes a method for delivering compressed audio and images on mobile devices.
In October 2014, MindGeek USA Inc. was sued by Preservation Technologies LLC in Delaware for alleged infringement on 19 different sites operated by Mindgeek of 11 patent components on data distribution and communication systems, such as a system for cataloging and retrieving videos and other media associated with keywords. The case was withdrawn in March 2015, after Mindgeek came to a settlement deal with Preservation Technologies LLC.
No on Government Waste CommitteeEdit
Manwin was the biggest funder of the No on Government Waste Committee, which was supported by a coalition of entertainment companies, local business organizations, community activists, adult entertainment performers and healthcare advocates." The committee ran the No on Measure B campaign. The No on Measure B campaign was supported by the Los Angeles County Federation of Republican Women, Los Angeles County Republican and Libertarian Parties, the Valley Industry & Commerce Association (VICA), and the Log Cabin Republicans of Los Angeles.
- Wallace, Benjamin (30 January 2011). "The Geek-Kings of Smut". New York Magazine. p. 5. Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Manwin Canada: A Leader in Web Design, IT, Web Development & SEO!". ca.manwin.com. Archived from the original on 7 November 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
Established in June 2004, Manwin is an international organization, with corporate offices in Europe.
- "Un géant du XXX craint et admiré - La Presse+". La Presse+ (in French). 11 October 2016. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- "Luxembourg Times - Luxembourg - Porn empire reports half billion dollars in revenue – but ends year with loss". luxtimes.lu. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- Auerbach, David (23 October 2014). "Vampire Porn". Slate. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
Thylman was bought out by current CEO Ferras Antoon and COO David Tassillo, longtime players within the company, who now control operations from Montreal.
- "Bureau de décision et de révision" (PDF). lautorite.qc.ca. Autorité des marchés financiers. 19 May 2016. p. 45. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
Le groupe Mindgeek est une entreprise privée qui emploie approximativement 1 400 personnes à temps plein dans le monde, dont un nombre important à Montréal.
- Bergeron, Maxime (10 October 2016). "Porno et impôts - L'énigme Mindgeek, du Luxembourg à Montréal" [Porn and taxes - The Mindgeek Enigma, from Luxembourg to Montreal]. La Presse+ (in French). Retrieved 30 May 2018.
- HESA, Evidence, 1st Session, 42nd Parliament, 11 April 2017, 1110 (Dr. Gail Dines, President, Culture Reframed). "Although MindGeek is headquartered in Luxembourg, with offices across the USA and Europe, 800 of its more than 1,000 employees work from their Montreal office."
- Vailles, Francis (24 March 2016). "Deux Rois De La Porno Parmi Les Cibles De L'amf". La Presse+ (in French). Retrieved 16 April 2018.
Parmi les hommes d’affaires que l’Autorité des marchés financiers (AMF) a dans sa ligne de mire figurent Feras Antoon et Mark Wael Antoon, qui gèrent depuis Montréal l’un des plus grands réseaux de sites pornographiques au monde. Feras Antoon est copropriétaire de la société MindGeek avec David Tassillo. Le frère de Feras, Mark, en est l’un des vice-présidents.
- "MindGeek S.A R.L.: Private Company Information". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
- "Contact Us". mindgeek.com. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- Auerbach, David (23 October 2014). "Vampire Porn". Slate. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Naked capitalism". The Economist. Sep 26, 2015. Retrieved 2018-07-10.
- Thomsen, Michael. "MindGeek Is Both Plaintiff And Defendant In Two New DMCA Lawsuits". Forbes. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- Reynolds, Emma (20 December 2012). "'King of Porn' arrested on charges of avoiding paying tax on the £60million profits from his online sex empire". Daily Mail Online. Archived from the original on 22 April 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Buse, Uwe (20 December 2012). "Harnessing the Internet: The German Porn King's Revolutionary Model". Spiegel Online International. Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "manwin.com registry whois". Whois. 19 December 2014. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Woods, Ben (3 March 2016). "The (almost) invisible men and women behind the world's largest porn sites". The Next Web. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- The Butterfly Effect with Jon Ronson - Ep. 1: A Nondescript Building in Montreal
- Buse, Uwe (20 December 2012). "Harnessing the Internet: The German Porn King's Revolutionary Model, Page 2". SPIEGEL ONLINE. p. 2. Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Hymes, Tom (18 January 2012). "Manwin's Fabian Thylmann Gives Keynote to Record Crowd". AVN. Archived from the original on 26 May 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Valnet Inc.: Private Company Information". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- "Valsef Capital: Private Company Information". bloomberg.com.
- "Ouissam Youssef: Executive Profile & Biography". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- "Stephane Manos: Executive Profile & Biography". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- South, Mike. "Manwin Says Its Porn Business is Legal".
- Gonzo (21 October 2013). "Fabian Thylmann revend Manwin à Manwin". fr:Le Tag Parfait. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
- Pardon, Rhett (18 October 2013). "Fabian Thylmann Sells Stake in Manwin to Company Management". XBIZ.com. Archived from the original on 25 October 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Manwin Becomes MindGeek". AVN. 28 October 2013. Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Manwin Isnt Buying RedTube". MikeSouth.com. 31 July 2013. Archived from the original on 9 May 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
- "How Amaya CEO David Baazov went from high school dropout to running the world's biggest online poker room". Financial Post. 23 March 2016. Archived from the original on 7 April 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- Pardon, Rhett (13 September 2010). "Manwin Takes Over EuroRevenue". XBIZ. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Manwin to Manage Wicked Pictures' Online Properties". AVN. 28 December 2010. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Manwin Acquires YouPorn.com". AVN. 10 May 2011. Archived from the original on 2 April 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Manwin Acquires Twistys and Sister Sites". AVN. 2 June 2011. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Kernes, Mark (23 June 2011). "You Know You Want It: 3D Porn from Funky Monkey and Manwin". AVN. Archived from the original on 6 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Briel, Robert (31 October 2011). "Manwin takes over Playboy TV operations". Broadband TV News. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Shandrow, Kim Lachance (2 December 2014). "Playboy CEO: Nudity Could Completely Vanish From the Brand". Entrepreneur. Archived from the original on 17 May 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Manwin Launches Legendary Stats". AVN. 11 November 2011. Archived from the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Pardon, Rhett (17 January 2012). "Manwin Acquires Digital Playground". XBIZ.com. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Pardon, Rhett (20 April 2012). "Manwin, RK Netmedia File Plan to Merge". XBIZ Newswire. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Sanford, John (10 September 2012). "Manwin Acquires Reality Kings". XBIZ Newswire. Archived from the original on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Today in the press; Internet Porn Producer Uses Dublin As Base". RTÉ News. 1 March 2013. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Pardon, Rhett (23 June 2012). "Manwin Launches 'Glamcore' Site Babes.com". XBIZ Newswire. Archived from the original on 30 June 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Manwin Files Merger Notification to Acquire RedTube.com". AVN. 31 July 2013. Archived from the original on 9 October 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Pardon, Rhett (6 December 2013). "RedTube8.xxx Ordered Transferred to MindGeek". XBIZ Newswire. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Pardon, Rhett (5 December 2014). "MindGeek to Manage Really Useful Ltd.'s Online Assets". XBIZ.com. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Johnson, Bob (20 April 2015). "Playboy Plus Launches Reality Kings TV in Europe". XBIZ.com. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Miller, Dan (1 May 2015). "Pulse Distribution Signs Mindgeek to Distribution Deal". XBIZ.com. Archived from the original on 3 May 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Pardon, Rhett (21 April 2014). "MindGeek Settles Cybersquatting Suits". XBIZ Newswire. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Pardon, Rhett (8 March 2011). "'Bachelor' Contestant Rozlyn Papa's Suit Is OKd". XBIZ Newswire. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Morris, Chris. "Porn Partnership Pumps This Cryptocurrency Up 22%". Fortune. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- Pauly, Marcel (19 April 2015). "Seine dreckigen Hobbys". DIE WELT. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- Deegan, Gordon. "Dublin-based firm collects €356 million in revenue from porn subscriptions". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
- Pardon, Rhett (28 October 2013). "Manwin Changes Name to MindGeek". XBIZ Newswire. Archived from the original on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Porn company Manwin latest Internet giant to open an office in Dublin". IrishCentral. 27 May 2013. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Company: MindGeek". TheBestPorn.com. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "PornMD: A Search Engine for ALL of the World's Best Porn Sites". PornMD. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- O'Connor, Maureen (June 2017). "Pornhub is the Kinsey Report of our Time". New York Magazine: 30–39.
- Holmes, David (9 October 2013). "What media companies can learn from Pornhub and its new PornIQ service". PandoDaily. Archived from the original on 18 November 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Platinum Sponsors". ASACP. Archived from the original on 17 September 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "World's biggest porn site reveals how major events affect viewing habits". news.com.au. 28 November 2013. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Monllos, Kristina (18 December 2014). "Inside Pornhub's Crusade to Tear Down the Taboos of Watching Sex Online". Adweek. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- "pornhub.com Site Overview". Alexa. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "redtube.com Website Traffic and Information". TrafficEstimate.com. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "youporn.com Website Traffic and Information". TrafficEstimate.com. Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Pornhub & YouPorn Owner Funds Fight Against Cyberlockers". TorrentFreak. 23 June 2012. Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Pardon, Rhett. "Manwin Launches 'Glamcore' Site Babes.com". Newswire. Adnet Media. Archived from the original on June 30, 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
- "Babes Network Sites". Babes. Mindgeek. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
- "Models". Babes. MindGeek. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
- "Babes.com Traffic, Demographics and Competitors". Alexa. Amazon. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
- "MindGeek Company Profile". The Best Porn. TheBestPorn.com. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
- Czikk, Joseph (4 July 2014). "Life of a Porn 'Star': How This Montrealer Helped Build Adult Mobile, Part One". BetaKit. Archived from the original on 6 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Czikk, Joseph (9 July 2014). "Life of a Porn 'Star': How This Montrealer Helped Build Adult Mobile, Part Two". BetaKit. Archived from the original on 6 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Future Mobile Award for Mobile Adult Services 2012". Juniper Research. Archived from the original on 9 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Cett, Hans (22 June 2012). "Velti wins major gong for mobile advertising". GoMo News. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Rothery, Grainne (18 June 2012). "Paddy Power recognised by Juniper for mobile gambling product range". Business & Leadership. Archived from the original on 27 June 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Why Are Porn Perfomers Scared to Talk About Internet Piracy?". TorrentFreak. 13 April 2014. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Clark-Flory, Tracy (8 September 2012). "Must porn stars get tested?". Salon.com. Archived from the original on 11 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Ayala, Nelson (23 October 2012). "Rocco Reed Makes Bottoming Debut for Men.com". XBIZ Newswire. Archived from the original on 27 October 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Morris, Chris (18 January 2012). "Meet the New King of Porn". CNBC. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Pardon, Rhett (16 January 2014). "MindGeek Developing Playboy Apps for Smart TVs". XBIZ Newswire. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- Taylor, Jordyn (4 February 2014). "Google's Chromecast Won't Support Your Crippling Porn Addiction". Observer. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- "Bulk Alexa rank checker". BulkSeoTools.com Bulk Alexa Rank Checker. 27 April 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- Pardon, Rhett (8 July 2013). "Manwin Taps RiskIQ to Scan for Malvertisements". XBIZ.com. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Whittaker, Richard (27 September 2013). "Joseph Gordon-Levitt and the Naked Truth For his first turn in the director's seat, JGL tackles pornography ... sort of". The Austin Chronicle. Archived from the original on 28 November 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Marshall, Jack (7 October 2013). "How One Adult Site Attracts Mainstream Advertisers". Digiday. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Lee, Dave (12 April 2013). "Top porn sites 'pose growing malware risk' to users". BBC News. Archived from the original on 25 November 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Anderson, Steve (11 April 2013). "Popular porn websites 'host adverts with malware'". The Independent. Archived from the original on 22 November 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Cutlack, Gary (11 April 2013). "Brave Researcher Visits Porn Sites and Discovers Shock Malware Risk". Gizmodo UK. Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Longmore, Conrad (5 June 2015). "Dynamoo's Blog". Dynamoo's Blog. Malware, spam, scams and random stuff, by Conrad Longmore. Archived from the original on 5 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- Longmore, Conrad (9 April 2013). "Top porn sites lead to malware". Dynamoo's Blog. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- "ASACP Honors its Featured Sponsors for January, 2015". XBIZ.com. 5 January 2015. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "ASACP Association of Sites Advocating Child Protection". Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Kelion, Leo (28 March 2014). "Porn site age-check law demanded by media regulator". BBC News. Archived from the original on 25 February 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Tories promise to enforce age limits on online pornography". The Guardian. 4 April 2015. Archived from the original on 13 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Gayle, Damien (26 May 2015). "UK pornography industry proposes user ID checks for adult websites". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Digital Policy Alliance – ABOUT US". Digital Policy Alliance. Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Digital Policy Alliance – Age Verification Group". Digital Policy Alliance. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Collins, Katie (26 May 2015). "UK porn industry preps for mandatory ID checks". Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Zoe Kleinman (6 March 2018). "Porn check critics fear data breach". BBC News. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Damien Gayle (12 March 2018). "Porn site age checks are delayed to make sure officials 'get it right'". BBC News. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
- Jim Killock (8 May 2018). "The government is acting negligently on privacy and porn AV". Open Rights Group. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- Murphy, Kevin (16 November 2011). "YouPorn sues ICANN and ICM over .xxx". DomainIncite. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Shayon, Sheila (7 December 2011). "As .XXX Goes Live, ICANN Ushers in Virtual Red-Light District". brandchannel. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Berkens, Michael (1 October 2012). "ICM Operator of .XXX Counter Sues Manwin & Digital Playground For $120 Million". The Domains. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Murphy, Kevin (28 February 2013). "ICM's claims against Manwin thrown out of court". Archived from the original on 11 April 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "Manwin, ICM Registry Settle Antitrust Lawsuit". AVN. 1 May 2013. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- Pardon, Rhett (13 May 2013). "7 Adult Companies Face Patent Claims Over Pop-Under Ads". XBIZ.com. Archived from the original on 4 September 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Pardon, Rhett (1 August 2013). "Adult Companies Sued Over Mobile Technology Patent". XBIZ.com. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Pardon, Rhett (17 December 2014). "MindGeek Targeted in Patent Infringement Suit". XBIX.com. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- Pardon, Rhett (27 May 2015). "MindGeek Settles Data Management Patent Claim". Archived from the original on 29 March 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
- "No on Measure B". No on Government Waste Committee. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012.
DISCLAIMER: Paid for by the No on Government Waste Committee. Major Funding by Manwin USA.
- Romero, Dennis (11 December 2012). "Fabian Thylmann, porn King opposing condoms in L.A. adult video, arrested". LA Weekly. Voice Media Group.
- Kernes, Mark (20 September 2012). "Log Cabin Republicans of Los Angeles announce opposition to Measure B, Says No on Government Waste Committee". Yahoo! Finance. No on Government Waste Committee. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
- Bergeron, Maxime (10 October 2016). "L'énigme Mindgeek, Du Luxembourg À Montréal" (in French). La Presse.
- "Кто создал PornHub, Brazzers и приучил мир к большой груди". Lenta.ru (in Russian). 7 September 2017.
- Official website
- Manwin website at the Wayback Machine (archived 25 September 2010)
- MindGeek at Open Rights Group wiki - Open Rights Group
- Mindgeek at Crunchbase
- Mindgeek companies grouped at OpenCorporates
- Companies behind MindGeek