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Milwaukee Police Department

The Milwaukee Police Department is the police department organized under the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The department has a contingent of about 1,800 sworn officers when at full strength and is divided into seven districts.[1] Alfonso Morales is the current chief of police, serving since February 2018, with two months of that under interim status.[2]

Milwaukee Police Department
Milwaukee Police Patch.png
Motto"Be A Force"
Agency overview
Formed1855
Legal jurisdictionMunicipal
HeadquartersPolice Administration Building
749 W. State Street
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Sworn members1,868
Agency executive
Facilities
Stations7 (7 Districts, additional locations, Neighborhood Task Force, Midtown, Avenues West)
Boats5
Website
city.milwaukee.gov/police

HistoryEdit

MPD was founded in 1855. At the time, Milwaukee had an extremely high crime rate, fueled by local gangs, mobs, thieves and robbers. Milwaukee was originally served by the Milwaukee County Sheriff's Office, which became increasingly unable to provide adequate enforcement to the growing city. With burgeoning crime rates, citizens enacted an ordinance creating the Milwaukee Police Department.

Milwaukee's first chief of police was William Beck, a former NYPD detective, and its first policemen were Fred Keppler, John Hardy, George Fische, James Rice, L.G. Ryan and David Coughlin. As the department expanded, patrolmen were supplemented by "roundsmen", who would lead the patrolmen out to their beats at the beginning of the evening shift, and supervise them during the shift. A roundsman earned $5 more a month than a patrol officer.[3]

The office of police chief, like the department in general, was subject to political forces for most of its history; for example, in 1878 new Mayor John Black appointed fellow Democrat Daniel Kennedy as chief, and Kennedy promptly fired 25 Republican patrolmen (as part of the spoils system then prevalent).[4]

In 1924, Judson W. Minor became Department's first African-American officer and in 1975 Ada Wright became the first female MPD officer. On November 15, 1996 Arthur Jones became the first African-American chief. A lawsuit filed after his term found that Jones discriminated against officers based on their race, giving African-American officers promotions before white officers.[5]

The first female captain in the Milwaukee Police Department was Nannette Hegerty, who also became the first female chief of police in 2004. She retired in November 2007.[6]

1917 BombingEdit

On November 24, 1917, a large black powder bomb,[7] wrapped as a package, was discovered by Maude L. Richter, a social worker, next to an evangelical church in the third ward.[8] She dragged the package into the church basement and notified the church janitor, Sam Mazzone.[9] Mazzone brought the bomb to the central police station at Oneida and Broadway and turned it over to police.[7][10] The station keeper was showing it to the shift commander, Lieutenant Flood, right before a scheduled inspection, when it exploded.[9]

Nine members of the department were killed in the blast, along with a female civilian.[7][10] It was suspected at the time that the bomb had been placed outside the church by anarchists, particularly the Galleanist faction led by adherents of Luigi Galleani. At the time, the bomber's identity was not uncovered. Many years later, interviews with surviving Galleanist members revealed that Croatian national Mario Buda, chief bombmaker for the Galleanists, may have constructed the Milwaukee bomb.[10][11][12][13][14]

At the time, the bombing was the most fatal single event in national law enforcement history,[15] only surpassed later by the World Trade Center terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 when 72 law enforcement officers representing eight different agencies were killed. Those responsible for the 1917 bombing never were apprehended, but days later, eleven alleged Italian anarchists went to trial on unrelated charges involving a fracas that had occurred two months before. The specter of the larger, uncharged crime of the bombing haunted the proceedings and assured convictions of all eleven. In 1918 Clarence Darrow led an appeal that gained freedom for most of the convicted.[16]

 
Police Administration Building- Headquarters of the Milwaukee Police Department

StructureEdit

The Milwaukee Police Department is composed of numerous bureaus, divisions and sections. Each area has specific responsibilities which are essential to the management and administration of the department.

Chief of Police

  • Alfonso Morales (interim chief since 2018)

Office of the ChiefEdit

  • Chief of Staff
  • Budget and Finance
  • Public Information Office
  • Executive Protection
  • Office of Management, Analysis and Planning

North Command BureauEdit

  • District 4
  • District 7
  • District 5

Central Command BureauEdit

  • District 3
  • District 1, Harbor Patrol, Mounted Unit
  • Neighborhood Task Force

South Command BureauEdit

  • District 2
  • District 6
  • Office of Community Outreach & Education

Risk Management BureauEdit

  • Internal Affairs Division
  • Inspections
  • Police Academy - Firearms Section, In-Service Section, Recruit Section, Safety Division, Audiovisual Section, Community Services Division
  • Human Resources - Background Investigations, Medical Section, Payroll Section
  • Recruiting
  • Technical Communications Division

Investigations and Intelligence BureauEdit

  • Metropolitan Investigations Division (Homicide)
  • South Investigations Division
  • North Investigations Division
  • Sensitive Crimes Division - Juvenile Investigations, Sexual Assault Unit, Family Violence Unit
  • Intelligence Fusion Center
  • Investigative Management Division
  • Narcotics Division
  • Group Violence Reduction Initiative

Strategic Management BureauEdit

  • Central Booking Section
  • Court Administration Section
  • Property Control Division
  • Facilities Services Division
  • Information Systems Division
  • Records Management Division

Ranks and insigniaEdit

Title Insignia Badge
Chief of Police Gold badge w/ gold sunburst
Assistant Chief of Police Gold badge w/ gold sunburst
Inspector of Police Gold badge w/ gold sunburst
Deputy Inspector of Police Gold badge w/ gold sunburst
Police Captain Gold badge w/ gold sunburst
Police Lieutenant Gold badge w/ silver sunburst
Police Sergeant Silver badge w/ gold sunburst
Detective Suit and Tie or Plain Clothes Silver pinched shield w/o eagle and gold sunburst
Police officer Navy blue shirt w/pant] Silver badge w/ eagle top and numbered star
Police-Community Service Officer Sky Blue Shirt, Navy blue pant
Police aide Sky blue uniform Silver pinched shield w/o eagle and oval
Auxiliary Police Officer Sky Blue shirt

Chiefs of PoliceEdit

  • Alfonso Morales - 2018–present; finishing Flynn's current term. Eligible for a term in his own right in 2020. Two officers died within the space of two months in his first year as chief, one in a vehicle pursuit on June 7, 2018, with the second (described by Morales as a personal friend) dying after being shot by a suspect on July 25, 2018.
  • Edward Flynn- 2008–2018. Flynn's first 2 years were with low crime data, but crime then peaked following 2010. Flynn has also had controversies with some of the comments he has made and by the police union as well in the case of firing officer Chris Manney following the shooting death of Dontre Hamilton. Flynn also assisted the agency with the purchasing of the Smith & Wesson M&P .40 S&W pistols and the Smith & Wesson M&P15 rifles.
  • Nannette Hegerty- 2003-2007- First female chief of police, she also handled the firing of 9 officers and disciplining of others in the beating case of Frank Jude Jr. by off duty officers.
  • Arthur L. Jones- 1996-2003. Jones was the first African-American Chief of the MPD
  • Phillip Arreola- 1989-1996. Arreola assisted the agency in the switch to Glock 22 pistols in the early 1990s.
  • Robert Ziarnik- 1984-1989. Retired in 1983 as a Deputy Inspector, but came out of retirement for the position of Police Chief.
  • Harold Breier- 1964-1984. "tough" on crime image that gained respect from some but had criticism from minority and poorer communities due to some of his stances and policies.

MisconductEdit

Daniel BellEdit

In 1958, Officer Thomas Grady shot Daniel Bell in the back, killing him. Investigations at the time cleared Grady of any wrongdoing. In 1978, Grady's partner indicated that the officer had planted a knife on Bell's body to falsely indicate he had been armed. Grady plead guilty to reckless homicide and perjury.[17] Milwaukee city officials, unwilling to pay the sum awarded to the Bell family, appealed and repeatedly refused the family's offers to settle for smaller sums. In September 1984, the U.S. Court of Appeals in Chicago awarded $1.6 million, twice the amount the family had offered to settle for earlier.[18]

Lawrencia "Bambi" BembenekEdit

On May 28, 1981, police officer Lawrencia Bembenek allegedly murdered her husband's ex-wife. Her conviction, escape, and subsequent court proceedings received big media play.

Return of victim to Jeffrey DahmerEdit

In the early morning hours of May 27, 1991, 14-year-old Konerak Sinthasomphone (the younger brother of a boy Dahmer had molested) was discovered on the street, wandering nude. Reports of the boy's injuries varied. Jeffrey Dahmer, who had drugged and raped the boy, told police that they had an argument while drinking, and that Sinthasomphone was his 19-year-old lover. Against the teenager's protests, police turned him over to Dahmer. The officers later reported smelling a strange odor, which was eventually found to be bodies in the back of his room. Later that night Dahmer killed and dismembered Sinthasomphone, keeping his skull as a souvenir. Dahmer went on to kill four more people.[19]

John Balcerzak and Joseph Gabrish, the two police officers who returned Sinthasomphone to Dahmer, were fired from the Milwaukee Police Department after their actions were widely publicized, including an audiotape of the officers making homophobic statements to their dispatcher and laughing about having reunited the "lovers." The two officers appealed their termination, and were reinstated with back pay. Balcerzak would go on to be elected president of the Milwaukee Police Association in May 2005. Gabrish is now chief of police for the town of Trenton, Wisconsin, 30 miles north of Milwaukee.[20][21]

Chicago shootingsEdit

In 1994, two Milwaukee police officers, Gabriel Bedoya and John Koch, went on a shooting spree in the city of Chicago. They fired shots at random into buildings on the Gold Coast of Chicago, including the residence of Cardinal Joseph Bernardin. When denied entry to a nightclub, Bedoya shot the bouncer at close range in the head, killing him, and the two fled back to Milwaukee.[22]

Frank Jude Jr.Edit

In October, 2004, Frank Jude Jr. attended a party held by police officer Andrew Spengler. Following allegations that Jude had taken an officer's badge, at least three officers confronted and beat Jude outside of Spengler's home. Officers Daniel Masarik, Andrew Spengler and Jon Bartlett were arrested and charged with the beating. All three were later fired from the Milwaukee Police Department, as were several other involved officers. The officers disciplined were both on- and off-duty the night of the beating.

Masarik, Spengler and Bartlett were later found not guilty in state court. In July 2007, these three officers and another officer, Ryan Packard, went on trial in federal court on charges of violating the civil rights of Frank Jude Jr. and his friend, Levelle Harris. Spengler, Masarik and Bartlett were found guilty; Packard was found not guilty. The officers were sentenced on November 29, 2007. Bartlett received 17 years, Masarik and Spengler both received 15 years.

The officers' attorneys have said the officers will appeal the sentences.[23][24]

Alfonzo GloverEdit

In March 2005, press reports recount that Officer Alfonzo Glover shot Wilbert Prado eight times, killing him, after an off-duty traffic altercation. Charges were filed on Officer Glover, but he killed himself before he could be brought to court.[17]

Ladmarald CatesEdit

Officer Ladmarald Cates was convicted in January 2012 of the 2010 rape of a 19-year-old mother and was sentenced to 24 years in prison.[25]

Accidental shootingEdit

In November 2011, Officer Michael Edwards was in a shopping mall food court when his handgun accidentally discharged, causing a piece of debris to injure a bystander. Edwards contacted mall security immediately and was cooperative with the investigation. Greendale Police, who investigated the incident, noted that it was a freak accident. Edwards pleaded guilty to a reduced charge of disorderly conduct.[26][27][28]

Beating of handcuffed suspectsEdit

In May 2012, Officer Richard Schoen, a veteran of nine years' service was fired when footage from his car's camera showed him beating a woman handcuffed in the back of his car.[29]

Later in the year, the city's Fire and Police Commission forced the department to rehire the officer.[30] Public outrage forced the commission to change their decision.[31]

Strip searchesEdit

In March 2012, a number of police officers were investigated for conducting strip searches in public on people they had arrested.[32][33] In October 2012, Officer Michael Vagnini was charged with 25 counts of sexual assault and other crimes, Officer Jeffrey Dollhop was accused two counts of official misconduct and one count each of conducting an illegal strip search and an illegal cavity search, and two other officers, Jacob Knight and Brian Kozelek, each faced a single count of official misconduct.[34] In October 2013, Dollhopf and Kozelek pleaded no contest in exchange for a sentence of fines and community service.[35] In December 2013, Officer Vagnini was sentenced to 26 months in prison.[36]

Six officers were investigated for obstructing the inquiry into these illegal strip searches. To prevent collusion by the officers, the court issued an order preventing discussion of the strip searches. In 2012, five officers were suspected of violating this court order soon after they were subpoenaed to testify at a secret fact-finding hearing. Despite video and document proof of having broken laws and violating department policies, these officers did not face criminal charges or departmental disciplining. Officer Stephanie Seitz was investigated for perjury,[37][38] but Chief Deputy District Attorney Kent Lovern declined to charge her with a crime.[39]

Dontre HamiltonEdit

On April 30, 2014, a police officer, Christopher Manney, fatally shot and killed Dontre Hamilton, a 31-year-old African-American man who had been resting in downtown Milwaukee's Red Arrow Park. Police say Hamilton was shot 14 times after he struggled with an officer, took the officer's baton, and hit the officer in the head. Witness accounts differ, and some stated they never saw Dontre strike Manney with the baton.[40]

When Manney responded to the scene he was unaware that two Milwaukee police officers had twice responded to a call from one of the park's Starbucks employees and had performed a wellness check on Hamilton. During MPD's investigation following the incident, the department learned that Hamilton was a diagnosed paranoid schizophrenic.

Police Chief Edward Flynn fired Manney in October, saying he had violated department policy regarding a pat-down. Manney tried to rejoin the Milwaukee Police Department, but his appeal was unanimously denied by the Milwaukee Fire and Police Commission members in March 2015, and his firing was upheld.[41] The district attorney, finding the use of force to be in self-defense, declined to prosecute.[42]

Milwaukee police officers are armed with the Smith & Wesson M&P .40 S&W, which is the standard issue weapon for the department.[43]

WeaponsEdit

  • Smith & Wesson M&P .40 S&W- standard issue sidearm. replaced the Glock 22 .40 caliber pistol following issues with the Glock's performance back in 2009.[44]
  • Smith & Wesson M&P15 5.56x45mm NATO- standard issue patrol rifle, first purchased when the agency went to the M&P .40 sidearm.[44]

Fallen officersEdit

Since the establishment of the Milwaukee Police Department, 64 officers have died while on duty.[45] The most recent on-duty death occurred on February 6, 2019, as an officer was shot by a suspect during the execution of a search warrant.[46]

For 11 years, the Milwaukee County Law Enforcement Executives Association, in conjunction with the Milwaukee County Sheriff's Office and the Milwaukee Police Department, has hosted the Greater Milwaukee Law Enforcement Memorial Ceremony annually in May.[47][48]

The event, which honors Milwaukee County law enforcement officers killed in the line of duty, is part of the National Law Enforcement Memorial Week.[49]

Cause of death Number of deaths
Assault
1
Automobile accident
2
Bomb
9
Electrocuted
1
Explosion
1
Fire
1
Gunfire
29
Gunfire (Accidental)
1
Heart attack
2
Motorcycle accident
5
Struck by streetcar
1
Struck by train
1
Struck by vehicle
6
Vehicle pursuit
5

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Milwaukee Common Council to vote on three amendments to Barrett's Executive Budget". wisconsindailyindependent.com.
  2. ^ Luthern, Ashley (5 April 2018). "Alfonso Morales to serve as Milwaukee police chief until 2020". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  3. ^ Maralyn A. Wellauer-Lenius, Milwaukee Police Department. Mt. Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2008, p. 16.
  4. ^ Wellauer-Lenius, p. 10.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Milwaukee Police Department History Page"
  7. ^ a b c Balousek, Marv, and Kirsch, J. Allen, 50 Wisconsin Crimes of the Century, Badger Books Inc. (1997), ISBN 1-878569-47-3, ISBN 978-1-878569-47-9, p. 113
  8. ^ The Indianapolis Star, "Bomb Mystery Baffles Police", November 26, 1917
  9. ^ a b The Indianapolis Star, "Bomb Mystery Baffles Police", November 26, 1917
  10. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-20. Retrieved 2012-01-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Milwaukee Police Department Officer Memorial Page"
  11. ^ Watson, Bruce, Sacco and Vanzetti: The Men, the Murders, and the Judgment of Mankind, Viking Press (2007), ISBN 0-670-06353-3, ISBN 978-0-670-06353-6, p. 15
  12. ^ Avrich, Paul, Sacco and Vanzetti: The Anarchist Background, Princeton: Princeton University Press (1991)
  13. ^ Avrich, Paul, Anarchist Voices: An Oral History of Anarchism in America, Princeton: Princeton University Press (1996)
  14. ^ Dell’Arti, Giorgio (26 January 2002). "La Storia di Mario Buda" (PDF).
  15. ^ "Deadliest Days in Law Enforcement History". Nleomf.org. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  16. ^ Strang, Dean A. Worse than the Devil: Anarchists, Clarence Darrow, and Justice in a Time of Terror, Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press (2012).
  17. ^ a b Gina Barton, "In 25 years, no charges recommended in Milwaukee inquests", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, October 6, 2012.
  18. ^ White, Sylvia Bell, and Jody LePage. Sister: An African American Life in Search of Justice, Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press (2013).
  19. ^ "Officers Tell Jury of Letting Dahmer Keep Boy," New York Times, February 13, 1992.
  20. ^ [2][dead link]
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2011-01-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "1-99-1750". State.il.us. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  23. ^ 3 ex-officers guilty Archived 2007-10-13 at the Wayback Machine", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, July 26, 2007.
  24. ^ "Ex-officers in Jude beating case get sentences of up to 17 years Archived 2008-02-01 at the Wayback Machine", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, November 29, 2007.
  25. ^ Federal jury finds fired police officer guilty in assault case Officer had responded to victim's 911 call, by Gina Barton, Journal-Sentinel, 11 January 2012
  26. ^ https://fox6now.com/2012/10/18/mpd-officer-whose-gun-discharged-in-southridge-mall-reaches-plea-deal/
  27. ^ https://www.wisn.com/article/officer-sentenced-after-gun-went-off-at-southridge-mall-1/6311909
  28. ^ Viviana Buzo, "Cop Guilty of Accidental Gun Discharge in Southridge," Greendale Patch, October 18, 2012.
  29. ^ Brandon Cruz, "Milwaukee police release video showing conduct of fired officer," Fox6now.com, May 25, 2012.
  30. ^ Milwaukee Police Officer Richard Schoen punches woman, fired and then re-hired, by CNN, WTSP.com, 5 December 2012
  31. ^ "Officer fired in unanimous decision by Fire and Police Commission", by Gina Barton, Journal-Sentinel, December 11, 2012
  32. ^ Gitte Laasby and John Diedrich, "Strip-search complaints against Milwaukee police continue to surface," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, March 27, 2012.
  33. ^ Gitte Laaasby, "Milwaukee police get more complaints of cavity searches, chief says," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, April 11, 2012.
  34. ^ Gina Barton and John Diedrich, "4 Milwaukee police officers charged in strip-search case," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, October 9, 2012.
  35. ^ Milwaukee cops take plea deal in strip-search case, by the Associated Press, 21 October 2013, Wislawjournal.coom
  36. ^ Unbelievably lenient sentence for cop who fingered suspects’ anuses, The Daily Caller, December 29, 2013.
  37. ^ Allen, Michael (2014-09-14). "Video Proves Milwaukee Police Officer Saw Illegal Strip Search, She Denied Watching". Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  38. ^ Barton, Gina (2014-09-13). "Officers investigated for hampering strip search inquiry not charged". Journal Sentinel (Milwaukee, Wisconsin). Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  39. ^ Barton, Gina (September 13, 2014). "Officers investigated for hampering strip search inquiry not charged". Journal Sentinel (Milwaukee, Wisconsin). Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  40. ^ "Witness account of officer-involved shooting is very different from police account". Fox6now.com. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  41. ^ Bella, Timothy. "What the Family of Dontre Hamilton — Shot 14 Times by Police and Killed — Wants You to Know About His Story". Teenvogue.com. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  42. ^ "Dontre Hamilton case: Former officer not charged in fatal Milwaukee shooting". Cbsnews.com. 22 December 2014.
  43. ^ "Officer shoots man after struggle in Milwaukee". Archive.jsonline.com. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  44. ^ a b "Milwaukee Police Department Converts to Smith & Wesson M&P40 Pistols". Ammoland.com. 4 May 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  45. ^ "Milwaukee Police Department, Wisconsin, Fallen Officers". The Officer Down Memorial Page (ODMP).
  46. ^ Luthern, Ashley (13 Feb 2019). "Milwaukee police mourning for third time in less than a year after officer Matthew Rittner killed". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved 13 Feb 2019.
  47. ^ "2015 Greater Milwaukee Law Enforcement Memorial". Wisconsin Public Safety Photo Library. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  48. ^ "2013 Greater Milwaukee Law Enforcement Memorial". Wisconsin Public Safety Photo Library. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  49. ^ "Law enforcement memorial honors officers killed on duty". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (May 6, 2015). Retrieved 6 May 2015.

External linksEdit