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Millbrook is a rural district in the state of Victoria, Australia, located 90 kilometres (56 mi) north west of Melbourne. It was formerly called "Moorabool" but the name was changed to avoid confusion with a locality near Geelong. The name "Millbrook" was adopted because of a flour mill erected by Matthew Butterly on the West Moorabool creek.[2] At the time of the 2016 census, Millbrook had a population of 156[1] down from 550 in 2006,[3][4] partly reflecting changing boundaries. The soil is volcanic and well-adapted to cereals, potatoes and grazing. The landscape is undulating and preserves remnants of the original open forest. The West Moorabool creek runs through the district. The earliest inhabitants of the area were the Wathaurong, and the Irish were prominent among its European settlers in the mid nineteenth century.

Millbrook
Victoria
Millbrook is located in Shire of Moorabool
Millbrook
Millbrook
Coordinates37°36′13″S 144°02′53″E / 37.60361°S 144.04806°E / -37.60361; 144.04806Coordinates: 37°36′13″S 144°02′53″E / 37.60361°S 144.04806°E / -37.60361; 144.04806
Population156 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)3352
Location
LGA(s)Shire of Moorabool
State electorate(s)Buninyong
Federal Division(s)Ballarat
Suburbs around Millbrook:
Bungaree Wallace Gordon
Dunnstown Millbrook Gordon
Mount Egerton
Yendon Lal Lal Mount Egerton

Contents

HistoryEdit

Millbrook adjoins or is near to other districts of the Moorabool Shire such as Ballan, Egerton, Gordon, Wallace and Bungaree, and its early history is inseparable from theirs.

The Wathaurong people are the original inhabitants. The first European colonists in the region were graziers known as the "Over-Straiters," who had originally come over Bass Strait from Van Diemen's Land in the 1830s.[5] They were succeeded by small farmers, many of them Irish, who took advantage of the 1860 Land Act allowing free selection of Crown land, including that covered by pastoral leases.

The old road from Melbourne to Ballarat, which passes through Millbrook, was a highway for the miners during the gold rush of the 1850s.

The Moorabool region was rich in native flora and fauna when the European settlers arrived. Casualties of European settlement included kangaroos, dingos, bandicoots, native cats and several bird species.[6] Koalas, possums and various species of parrots remain.

StationEdit

The Millbrook railway station and thirty four others were closed on 4 October 1981 because of a new timetable for country passengers in Victoria.[7] A new 'high-speed service' between Melbourne and Ballarat was instituted, with the new line passing through Millbrook and over the West Moorabool. This involved the acquisition of land from neighbouring landowners, a cause of some controversy, particularly in view of claims that the lessening of travel time would be minimal. This service started on 22 December 2005.[8]

Post officeEdit

The name of the local post office was changed from Moorabool Creek PO to Millbrook PO on 1 August 1879, and the office was closed on 31 July 1985.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2016 Census QuickStats Millbrook". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Accessed 6 September 2013
  3. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Millbrook (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics Census 2011, Millbrook (State Suburb) : http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2011/quickstat/GL_VIC1678?opendocument&navpos=220. Retrieved 1 January 2014
  5. ^ Ballan Online Archived 2006-08-20 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 22 September 2011
  6. ^ History of Greendale Archived 2007-08-28 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 22 September 2011
  7. ^ Scott Martin and Chris Banger (October 2006). "'New Deal' for Country Passengers - 25 years on". Newsrail. Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division). p. 319.
  8. ^ V/line - First Day of VLocity Revenue Operation (Ballarat). Accessed 22 September 2011
  9. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 22 September 2011

BibliographyEdit

Denholm, David. ‘Squatting,’ The Oxford Companion to Australian History, edited by Graeme Davidson. John Hirst & Stuart MacIntyre, Oxford University Press, 1998.

Roberts, Stephen H.. History of Australian Land Settlement, 1788-1920. Macmillan / Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1924.

Toohey, Jack. On the Eastern Fringe: Recollections and Stories on the Settlement and Farming Histories in the Bungaree, Wallace, Bolwarrah and Gordon Districts. Ballarat 2005.

External linksEdit