Baraolt (Romanian pronunciation: [baraˈolt]; Hungarian: Barót, pronounced [ˈbɒroːt] (listen)) is a town and administrative district in Covasna County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. The town was mentioned for the first time as a settlement in 1224. It administers five villages:
- Biborțeni / Bibarcfalva
- Bodoș / Bodos
- Căpeni / Köpec
- Micloșoara / Miklósvár
- Racoșul de Sus / Felsőrákos
Location in Covasna County
|• Mayor||Barna-András Lázár-Kiss (UDMR)|
|Area||128.48 km2 (49.61 sq mi)|
|• Density||67/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)|
According to the 2011 Census, Baraolt has a population of 8,567 and an absolute Székely Hungarian majority 8,213 (96%) Hungarians, 237 (3%) Romanians, 100 Roma, 15 others). Approximately 47.9% of the town's inhabitants adhere to the Hungarian Reformed Church, while 29.9% follow Roman Catholicism, 16.8% consider themselves Unitarians and 2.6% are Romanian Orthodox. According to the 2011 Census the ethnic composition of the town was as follows: Székely Hungarian made up (9,271 (95.87%) Hungarians, 300 (3.1%) Romanians, 84 Roma, 15 others).
The town has one high school and a provincial hospital with 82 beds. The hospital's specialties include internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics & gynecology, and paediatrics; it also has an accident and emergency service.
Demographic movement according to the censuses:
- "Results of the 2016 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
- "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
- "Census data 2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-17. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baraolt.|
- (in Romanian) About the town on Covasna County's Prefecture's Site
- (in Hungarian) About the town on Covasna County's Council's site