Micky Durrng Garrawurra
Howard Island, Australia
|Other names||Micky Dorrng, Micky Garrawurra|
|Known for||Indigenous Australian art, bark painting|
Mickey Durrng Garrawurra was born c. 1940 in eastern Arnhem Land. He spent the majority of his life at Langarra on Howard Island, which is located in the Arafura Sea. Durrng died in 2006 in his home in Millingimbi.
The Garrawurra men have a long history of being expert artists. Mickey is just one in the long list of exceptional Garrawurra artists and persons. Durrng is one of "the best-known artists using classic Garrawurra designs that include bush turkey and the classic body-painting striped design known as kingfisher".
"Durrng was one of the last senior men of the great Garrawurra family of ‘seven fathers’. Durrng’s grandfather sired seven sons, of whom Durrng’s father Nupurray Garrawurra was the youngest." He was a member of the Dhuwa moiety and an elder of the Liyagawumirr clan of Yolgnu people. His language group is Buyuyukulmirr/Liyagalawumirr. When nearing his death, Durrng's role as elder was to select the person who would carry on the traditions, and he selected his sister Ruth Nalmakarra.
Durrng made a career out of painting with pigments and natural ochres on paper. His career in aboriginal art is extensive and has made a profound impact on the Aboriginal art world. Durrng's works are a detailed description of ancestral beings, stories, and lessons. A majority of his works are centered around the stories of the Djan'kawu sisters and clan designs. Durrng's most profitable piece to date is Oysters and Waterholes which sold for US$4,298.
Durrng's "first bold red, yellow, and white striped Djang'kawu painting" was inspired by a work from Paddy Dhathangu. This painting was the first time the ceremonial design was not on a person or 3-dimensional object. This novel piece led to his first commission from Perspecta 1992 at the Art Gallery of New South Wales.
It was not until 1997 that Durrng finally left his family and homeland to travel to Melbourne for his first art exhibition. After 1997 and until his death, Durrng travelled to both Canada and the United States a multitude of times to display his works at art exhibits.
In regard to his works which are typically riddled with water holes, stripes, and natural pigments, he claims that "stripes are the authority...colours hold the power of the earth. Sun, water, creation, for everything."
For an extended period of time, Durrng and his brother Tony Dhanyala were the only people authorised to paint the Liyagauwumirr’s most important clan designs: the Djirri-didi painted on the body during the Ngarra cleansing ceremony. These designs are made up of stripes and circles that tell the stories of their ancestors. Dhanyala died two years before Durrng, and just before Durrng's death he gave the rights to his sister, Ruth Nalmakarra and her family, to draw and paint their clan designs.
Durrng first gained popularity in the early 1990s when he started painting the Djirri-didi on bark. His popularity was birthed out of the organized rigidity that had been absent in previously successful Aboriginal art from Arnhem Land.
Critics often claimed that is work was influenced by modern art movements and strayed from the traditional work that has always come from Arnhem Land; however, Durrng's works were only representations of the paintings on the bodies during the Ngarra ceremony which is described as "a mortuary rite performed to remember the dead and to prepare their spirits for the afterlife, [and] is also a celebration of regeneration and renewal that recalls the ancestral travels of the Dja’nkawu Sisters".
- "Mickey Durrng | Artists | NGV". www.ngv.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
- Hamby, Louise (2019). The Inside World. Munich: Prestel. pp. 92–92.
- "Choosing who will keep the stories strong" (PDF).
- F. Skerritt, Henry (September 2009). "Choosing who will keep the stories strong". Artlink Magazine. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
- "Mickey Durrng Garrawurra - Artist Biography for Mickey Durrng Garrawurra". www.askart.com. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
- Mundine, Djon (1999). Art from the Land: Dialogues with the Kluge-Ruhe Collection of Australian Aboriginal Art.
- Mundine, Djon. "Micky Garrawurra et Tom Djumburpur, deux hommes paisibles". Cairn.Info.
- "Choosing who will keep the stories strong". Artlink Magazine. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
- "Djan'kawu sisters at Gariyak, (1994) by Micky Dorrng". www.artgallery.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
- Morphy, Howard. Boles, Margo Smith. (1999). Art from the land : dialogues with the Kluge-Ruhe Collection of Australian Aboriginal art. University of Virginia. ISBN 0-9577135-0-9. OCLC 43517789.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "NGA collection search results". artsearch.nga.gov.au. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
- "Search Results". collection.qagoma.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 1 May 2020.