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Michael Wolf (photographer)

Michael Wolf (born 1954 in Munich) is a German artist and photographer who lives and works in Hong Kong and Paris.[1] His work focuses on daily life in big cities.

Wolf won first prize in the Contemporary Issues category of the 2004 World Press Photo competition for his photographs of workers in several types of factories for an article in Stern.[2]



Wolf was born in 1954 in Munich, Germany and was raised in the United States, Europe, and Canada.[3] He attended the North Toronto Collegiate Institute and the University of California, Berkeley.[4] In 1976 he obtained a degree in visual communication at the University of Essen, Germany, where he studied with Otto Steinert.[4]

Wolf began his career in 1994 as a photojournalist, spending eight years working in Hong Kong for the German magazine Stern.[3]

Wolf states that a decline in the magazine industry led to photojournalism assignments becoming "stupid and boring."[5] In 2003 he decided to work only on fine-art photography projects.[5]

Notable artistic projects/ photographyEdit

Bastard Chairs / Sitting in ChinaEdit

Wolf began non-editorial photography with a series entitled Bastard Chairs, small chairs that Chinese people would repair repeatedly using whatever materials were available.[6][7] Wolf reports that the police detained him twice during the photographing of the series for "doing something which was harmful to the Chinese state."[8] Photographs from the series were published in a 2002 book entitled Sitting in China.[6] Although Wolf called the bastard chairs a "great symbol of the Chinese people's thriftiness and resourcefulness," and the book received positive reviews in the West, some Chinese people felt that the photographs made China appear "backward."[7][9][10]

The Real Toy StoryEdit

In follow-up to the China: Factory of the World series, Wolf created an installation entitled The Real Toy Story.[11] It consisted of 20,000 toys made in China and purchased in California attached with magnets to the walls of the gallery, along with photographs of workers making the toys.[6][11]

Architecture of DensityEdit

In this series, Wolf photographed of Hong Kong's tall buildings in a way that depicted them as "abstractions, never-ending repetitions of architectural patterns."[12] The photographs excluded the sky and the ground, thereby emphasizing the vertical lines of the buildings.[13] The images have been compared with those of Andreas Gursky and Candida Höfer.[14]

The first book containing images from the series, Hong Kong: Front Door/ Back Door, was published in 2005.[13][15] One review noted the book's "representation of an overpopulated city emptied of its human presence" and praised "the visual intelligence of Wolf's photographs."[15] The Outside volume of Wolf's two-volume 2009 book Hong Kong Inside Outside contained a more extensive selection of photographs from this series.[13]


In 2006, Wolf took photographs of residents in their rooms in a building in Hong Kong's oldest public housing complex, the Shek Kip Mei Estate, that was going to be demolished.[16] He used a wide-angle lens to show as much of the interiors of the rooms as possible.[17] Each room was approximately 100 square feet (9.3 m2) in size, and he displayed photographs of 100 rooms, leading to the name "100x100."[16] In an interview, Wolf likened the series to a scientific project, "an investigation into the use of limited space."[8] The Inside volume of Wolf's two-volume book Hong Kong Inside Outside of 2009 contained the complete photographs from this series.[13][17]

Copy Art / Real Fake ArtEdit

Between 2005 and 2007, Wolf photographed painters in Shenzhen, China, who reproduced famous works of art such as Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh.[18] Each portrait consisted of a "copy artist" along with an example of a copied work.[18] The settings were described as "dirty alleyways and street corners."[19] One reviewer wrote that the pictures "document intimate cultural and economic facets of globalization even as they record and complicate critical dilemmas about authenticity and the non-economic values of art."[20] The series was collected in his book Real Fake Art published in 2011.

Transparent CityEdit

A series shot in downtown Chicago beginning in 2006 that "combine[d] impersonal cityscapes shot primarily at dusk or at night with details of the buildings’ inhabitants" became the basis for the 2008 book Transparent City.[21] The photographs were taken from rooftops at dusk with a long lens.[22] As in the Architecture of Density series, the exterior photographs excluded the horizon and the sky, leaving the windows of the buildings as the main subjects.[22] In one interview, Wolf said that he came upon the idea of showing close-ups of people in the windows after he noticed a man giving him the finger in a photograph.[23] In another interview, Wolf cited the artistic work of Edward Hopper as an inspiration for the series because of its voyeuristic nature and its inclusion of architectural details.[22]

In an interview, Wolf said that shooting in Chicago convinced him to switch from film to digital. "For most of my first major series Architecture of Density, I shot with a 4x5 film camera," he said. "But when it came to shooting Chicago—which is a very windy city—the slightest gust of wind would vibrate the tripod, and I suspected many of my photographs would be ruined." Shooting digital allowed him to review the days' images, and guaranteed the precision Wolf wanted. "There’s nothing accidental in my photos," he added in the same interview.[24]

Articles about the book connected the photographs to the film Rear Window by Alfred Hitchcock.[12][25][26] One reviewer described the book as "frightening," causing a feeling of "remoteness."[22] The series was controversial because some people felt that the cropped and enlarged photographs of people in the buildings constituted an invasion of privacy.[21] In 2010, the series was shortlisted for the Prix Pictet.[27]

Tokyo CompressionEdit

In the 2010 book Tokyo Compression, Wolf presented portraits of Japanese people inside crowded Tokyo subway trains who had been pressed against a window.[28][29] The commuters' expressions were characterized in one review as "traumatised" and "woeful."[29] Wolf stated that some people closed their eyes or hid their faces with their hands upon realizing that they were being photographed.[29]

One reviewer concluded that Wolf's Architecture of Density, Transparent City, and Tokyo Compression series represented a progression from long shot to close-up.[14] Wolf won a first prize in Daily Life in the 2009 World Press Photo competition for his Tokyo Compression work.[30] Martin Parr selected the 2010 book as one of the 30 most influential photobooks published between 2001 and 2010.[31]

Tokyo Compression was part of Metropolis, City Life in the Urban Age, the 2011 Noorderlicht Photofestival. One of Wolf's pictures was used for the poster, the cover of the catalogue and all media material of the exhibition.[32]

Series using Google Street ViewEdit

In several series, such as Paris Street View, Manhattan Street View, and A Series of Unfortunate Events, Wolf took photographs of Google Street View scenes on his computer screen.[12][33][34] Wolf compared his method of finding interesting scenes online to those of a street photographer walking around in a city.[12] He has called his Street View series "a statement about art."[35]

The Street View photographs were characterized by pixelation and image noise which were compared with techniques used by Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol in their art.[12] The work led to discussion of how the automatically-taken Google Street View images affected the "decisive moment" concept of Henri Cartier-Bresson; nevertheless, the photographs were said to contain "some mystery" in that they were "hard to interpret."[12][14] Some of Wolf's photographs resemble recognized classics of photography such as Le baiser de l'hôtel de ville (The Kiss) by Robert Doisneau.[12]

Wolf won an honorable mention in Daily Life in the 2011 World Press Photo competition for his A Series of Unfortunate Events work.[36] The award was controversial because some people were of the opinion that the appropriation of Google Street View screens did not constitute photojournalism.[37]

Notable exhibitionsEdit


  • 2003: Portraits of Chinese People, John Batten Gallery, Hong Kong[7]
  • 2005: Architecture of Density, Robert Koch Gallery, San Francisco[39]
  • 2006: Made in China, Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago (group exhibit including The Real Toy Story)[40]
  • 2006: The Real Toy Story, Museum of Work, Hamburg[11]
  • 2006: 100 X 100, Goethe Institute, Hong Kong[16]
  • 2007: Chinese Copy Art, Goethe Institute, Hong Kong[18]
  • 2007: Copy Art and 100 x 100, Robert Koch Gallery, San Francisco[20]
  • 2008-2009: Transparent City, Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago[23][41]
  • 2008-2009: Transparent City, Robert Koch Gallery, San Francisco[25]
  • 2010: Paris Street View, Foam Fotografiemuseum Amsterdam[42]
  • 2010: iseeyou, Bruce Silverstein Gallery, New York[14][43]
  • 2010: Life in Cities, m97 Gallery, Shanghai[44]
  • 2011: Tokyo Compression, Forum für Fotografie Köln[29][45]
  • 2012: Michael Wolf, Flowers Galleries, London, 25 November 2011 - 7 January 2012.[46]
  • 2012: Life in Cities, Christophe Guye Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland.[47]
  • 2017: Life in Cities – continued, Christophe Guye Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland



  • Sitting in China. Göttingen: Steidl, 2002. ISBN 3-88243-670-0
  • Hong Kong Front Door Back Door. London: Thames & Hudson, 2005. ISBN 0-500-54304-6
  • Min, Anchee, Duo Duo, and Stefan Landsberger. Chinese Propaganda Posters: From the Collection of Michael Wolf. Taschen's 25th anniversary special edition. Köln: Taschen, 2008.[52] ISBN 978-3-8365-0316-7
  • The Transparent City. New York: Aperture/ MoCP, 2008. ISBN 978-1-59711-076-1
  • Hong Kong Inside Outside. Berlin: Asia One/Peperoni, 2009. ISBN 978-3-941825-04-8
  • FY. Berlin: Wanderer Books/Peperoni, 2010.[53] ISBN 978-3-941825-19-2
  • Tokyo Compression. Berlin: Asia One/Peperoni, 2010. ISBN 978-3-941825-08-6
  • asoue (A Series of Unfortunate Events), 2nd edition. Berlin: Wanderer Books/Peperoni, 2011. ISBN 978-3-941825-10-9
  • Tokyo Compression Revisited. Berlin: Asia One/Peperoni, 2011.[54] ISBN 978-3-941825-25-3
  • Real Fake Art. Berlin: Peperoni, 2011. ISBN 978-3-941825-20-8
  • Hong Kong Trilogy. Berlin: Peperoni, 2013. ISBN 978-3-941825-59-8.
  • Hong Kong Flora. Berlin: Peperoni, 2014. ISBN 978-3-941825-62-8. Edition of 400 copies.


  • 2004: First prize, Contemporary Issues category, World Press Photo competition for his photographs of workers in several types of factories for an article in Stern.[2]


  1. ^ Biography. Archived 2011-09-12 at the Wayback Machine Bruce Silverstein Gallery, New York. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  2. ^ a b World Press Photo. 2004, Michael Wolf, 1st Prize, Contemporary Issues Stories. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  3. ^ a b World Press Photo. Michael Wolf. Archived 2011-10-01 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  4. ^ a b m97 Gallery. Michael Wolf. Artist Info. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  5. ^ a b Interview with Michael Wolf. Archived 2013-02-02 at Seconds2Real, February 7, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  6. ^ a b c An Interview with Michael Wolf. Holy Ghost Zine, August 8, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c Lau, Joyce Hor-Chung. Portrait of a Nation. South China Morning Post, November 9, 2003.
  8. ^ a b Jörg Colberg. A Conversation with Michael Wolf. Conscientious Extended, August 31, 2006. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  9. ^ Press, Joy. Fan Fare: Collecting This Season's Coffee-Table Books. Village Voice, December 3, 2002. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  10. ^ Baker, Kenneth. The Art of Finding the Right Book: Paintings and Photographs Highlight Five Distinctive Volumes. San Francisco Chronicle, December 15, 2002. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c Rüggeberg, Stefanie. Made in China. Museum der Arbeit: Installation mit 20 000 Spielzeugen. Der Fotograf Michael Wolf hat sich in Chinas Spielzeugfabriken umgesehen. Hamburger Abendblatt, September 5, 2006. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Feustel, Marc. Towards a New Street Photography. Foam Magazine #22, Spring 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  13. ^ a b c d Day, Lara. Photographer Michael Wolf's Tall Order. Time Magazine, January 25, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c d Hall, Emily. Michael Wolf: Bruce Silverstein. Artforum, January 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  15. ^ a b Loh, Maria. Made in Hong Kong. The Art Book, Volume 13, Issue 2, pages 3–5, May 2006.
  16. ^ a b c Lau, Kit-wai. End of an Era. South China Morning Post, November 1, 2006.
  17. ^ a b Lapinski, Valerie. Showcase: A Room of Everyone's Own. Lens Blog, New York Times, November 13, 2009. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  18. ^ a b c Chan, Michelle. The Art of Copying. Archived 2012-10-19 at the Wayback Machine The Standard, May 5, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  19. ^ Lavapie, James. Michael Wolf: Capturing Counterfeit. Archived 2012-03-30 at the Wayback Machine Corduroy Magazine blog, July 18, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  20. ^ a b Baker, Kenneth. Searching for Meaning within a Forest of Asterisks. San Francisco Chronicle, May 12, 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  21. ^ a b Estrin, James. Showcase: Life Behind Glass. Lens Blog, New York Times, July 2, 2009. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  22. ^ a b c d Hockenberry, John. Leaves of Glass. Metropolis, vol. 28, no. 4, pages 80-87, November 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  23. ^ a b Michael Wolf ("As told to Brian Sholis"). ArtForum, November 14, 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  24. ^ Tersigni, Alessandro. "Michael Wolf's 5 Tips for Shooting Urban Landscapes". Format Magazine. Format. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  25. ^ a b Szupinska, Joanna. Michael Wolf: Robert Koch Gallery, San Francisco, California. ArtUS, no. 27, page 20, September 2009. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  26. ^ Casper, Jim. Photo Book Review. The Transparent City. Archived 2010-04-08 at the Wayback Machine LensCulture, volume 19, January–March 2009. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  27. ^ Rose, Rebecca. Growing Pains. (Financial Times), March 18, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  28. ^ McCurry, Justin. Going Underground, Tokyo Style. The Guardian, December 1, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  29. ^ a b c d Williams, Holly. The End of the Line: Michael Wolf's Photographs of the Tokyo Rush Hour Will Make Every Commuter Shudder. The Independent, January 15, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  30. ^ World Press Photo. 2009, Michael Wolf, 1st prize, Daily Life. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  31. ^ PhotoIreland Festival announces Martin Parr’s selection of the 30 most influential photobooks of the last decade. July 1–31, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  32. ^ "Impression / Photofestival 2011". Noorderlicht Photography. 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
  33. ^ Pasulka, Nicole. Iseeyou. The Morning News, November 1, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  34. ^ Casper, Jim. A Series of Unfortunate Events. Archived 2011-08-15 at the Wayback Machine LensCulture, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  35. ^ Photo: The Invisible Paris (interview with Michael Wolf). The Outlook Magazine, issue 100, August 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  36. ^ World Press Photo. 2011, Contemporary Issues, Honorable Mention stories. Archived 2011-10-01 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  37. ^ Laurent, Olivier. World Press Photo: Is Google Street View Photojournalism? Archived 2011-08-30 at the Wayback Machine British Journal of Photography, February 11, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  38. ^ Chronology. Archived 2010-03-03 at the Wayback Machine Bruce Silverstein Gallery, New York. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  39. ^ Baker, Kenneth. Fascinating, Frightening Glimpses of Urban Density. San Francisco Chronicle, January 22, 2005. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  40. ^ Hanke, Emma. The Art of Work: Photo Exhibit Details Economic Development.[permanent dead link] The Daily Northwestern, January 19, 2006. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  41. ^ Weinberg, Lauren. Michael Wolf & "Work/Place." Time Out Chicago, December 10, 2008. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  42. ^ Alessi, Andrea. Michael Wolf: Mining Google Street View. ArtSlant Amsterdam, March 22, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  43. ^ Bonanos, Christopher. Ghosts in the Machine: Michael Wolf Lets Google Do the Stalking. New York magazine, October 10, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  44. ^ Tang Lingjie. Michael Wolf: Life in Cities. LEAP: the International Art Magazine of Contemporary China, volume 6, December 1, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  45. ^ Weckesser, Markus. Bilder im Minutentakt. die Tageszeitung, January 13, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  46. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2012-03-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  47. ^ Michael Wolf at the Christophe Guye Galerie
  48. ^ Brooklyn Museum. Collections: Michael Wolf. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  49. ^ Milwaukee Art Museum. Annual Report 2005. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  50. ^ Museum Folkwang. Künstler. Fotografie. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  51. ^ Museum of Contemporary Photography. Wolf, Michael. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  52. ^ Chetchotisak, Chet. The Communist Superhero. New book of Chinese Communist Posters Captures Complexity of Chairman Mao. Bangkok Post, July 8, 2010. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  53. ^ Siegel, Steffen. Visueller Beifang im Netz. die Tageszeitung, April 2, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  54. ^ Hodgson, Francis. Michael Wolf - Tokyo Compression Revisited.[permanent dead link] May 13, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.

External linksEdit