Michael Knighton

Michael Knighton (born 4 October 1951[1]) is an English businessman, best known for his involvement in Manchester United and Carlisle United football clubs. Knighton first came to prominence in 1989 for his aborted £20 million bid to buy Manchester United, which resulted in him taking a seat on the club's board.

Michael Knighton
Michael Knighton at a wedding reception, June 2004
Born (1951-10-04) 4 October 1951 (age 71)
Derbyshire, England
NationalityBritish
Alma materSt Cuthbert's Society, Durham
OccupationEntrepreneur
Years active1980–present
Websitewww.michaelknighton.co.uk
Youth career
Years Team
1965–1967 Derby County
1967 Everton
1967–1969 Coventry City
Management career
Years Team
1997–1998 Carlisle United

Early lifeEdit

Knighton grew up in Derbyshire and was a footballer in his youth. His great-grandfather, Willie Layton, was part of Sheffield Wednesday's 1903 and 1904 league championship-winning teams, and also the FA Cup-winning team of 1907.[2] While still a schoolboy, Knighton trained with Derby County, and later spent a few months as an apprentice at Everton before leaving due to homesickness,[3] and then spent over a year as an apprentice at Coventry City.[1] However, his football career was cut short due to a thigh injury.[4] He studied at Durham University's Bede College, where he gained a degree in physical education, before returning to St Cuthbert's College, Durham, to study philosophy, politics, and Mandarin Chinese.[5] He became a teacher in physical education and geography, and took a position at St. David's School (now Huddersfield Grammar School) in 1976.[1] He was appointed headmaster in 1980, and bought the school in 1983. He stopped teaching in 1984 to focus on property interests.[1]

Manchester United takeoverEdit

Knighton first came to the attention of the public in August 1989, when he made a takeover bid of £20 million for Manchester United. At the time, this was a record figure for a British football club and the offer was accepted by chief executive Martin Edwards.[6] Knighton promised to invest £10 million in the team's stadium, Old Trafford, as well as re-establish the club as England's top side. Knighton appeared on the pitch at Old Trafford before the opening game of the 1989–90 season against Arsenal, dressed in a full Manchester United football kit as a public relations exercise intended to convince the club's supporters that he was a genuine football fan. Famously, he showed off his football skills by completing a long series of "keepie uppies".[7] United beat Arsenal 4–1 on the day. The vehicle for the takeover was a Knighton-controlled company, MK Trafford Holdings, based in the Isle of Man and set up specifically for the purpose.[4] A £10m contract for Edwards' 50.06% stake was signed, subject to an audit of the club's accounts,[8] with a £20 per share offer submitted to the club's other shareholders.[2] The MK Trafford investors comprised Knighton, former Debenhams executive Bob Thornton and Stanley Cohen of the Betterware home shopping company.[9] However, Thornton and Cohen pulled out in mid-September.[10] Knighton sought other backers, with David Murray and Owen Oyston among those approached.[11][12] Knighton proved to Martin Edwards and his legal team that he had secured funds to complete the deal, but as the deadline to complete the takeover loomed, Knighton abandoned his bid for control in exchange for a seat on the board.[13]

Carlisle UnitedEdit

In 1992, Knighton left his job on the Manchester United board after buying out Carlisle United, a football club based in the Cumbrian city of Carlisle. At the time, Carlisle United were in the bottom division of the Football League and Knighton set about building up the club who he claimed he could return to the top league of English football, the Premier League (Carlisle had previously played at that level in the 1974–75 season).[14]

Initial success saw Carlisle win Division Three and achieve promotion in 1995 with a record number of 91 points, which remains a club record today, as well as reaching the final of the Football League Trophy; they were relegated the following season but promoted back again to Division Two in 1997. In 1997 they also reached a second Football League Trophy final, beating Colchester United on penalties.

In 1996, Knighton threatened to sue the local newspaper, the Evening News and Star, and resign from the football club after being "publicly humiliated" over claims he and his wife Rosemary had seen a UFO in 1976.[15]

After a poor start to the 1997–98 season, Knighton dismissed popular manager Mervyn Day and took over the management and coaching of the team himself.[16] The move proved unsuccessful, and Carlisle were relegated back to Division Three. He kept himself as head coach until December 1998, when he handed the job over to Nigel Pearson. Knighton remained chairman of the club, but no longer had the financial resources to achieve another promotion. Carlisle struggled in the bottom division, only avoiding relegation to the Football Conference with a last-minute goal by goalkeeper Jimmy Glass, in what is one of football's most famous comebacks.[17]

Knighton became increasingly unpopular with fans, a group of whom formed an independent supporters' trust, known initially as CCUIST and today as The United Trust, to protest against his control and lobby for more fan involvement in the club. Brooks Mileson twice attempted to buy Knighton's stake in Carlisle, in 1999 and 2001, but the two were unable to reach an agreement.[18] Irishman John Courtenay was later backed to take over, but negotiations were protracted and Knighton fired manager Roddy Collins for his comments over the deal. Eventually, after Carlisle were put into voluntary administration, Courtenay purchased the club from Knighton in July 2002 and reinstated Collins.[19]

On 25 June 2015, Knighton commented on the Carlisle United takeover bid from a reputed billionaire.[20] Knighton was quoted as saying "If this person is a genuine billionaire, or even if he’s just extremely wealthy, and if he’s legitimately interested, then this has now been going on too long. He needs to be transparent, to say that this is who I am and this is where the club will be at the end of my ownership. At the end of the day, the club is a community asset, and any owner should respect that"

Since leaving Carlisle United in 2002, Knighton has not returned to the city. However Knighton stated he would return if invited.

After footballEdit

 
Knighton with some of his artwork in 2020

Knighton is now retired from football and currently spends his time painting, sculpting and writing poetry.[21]

In 2008, Knighton exhibited some of his artworks, a mix of sculpture and painting, at King's College Chapel in Cambridge. The work consisted of three contrasting depictions of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. At the time, Knighton used the pseudonym and near-anagram of his name "Kongthin Pearlmich",[22] as he did not want to attach his past links with his football career. Some coverage of the exhibition appeared in The Daily Telegraph newspaper stating "Canterbury Cathedral offered Christ sculpture 'worth £70 million". However, the value of the sculpture was unable to be verified as experts at Sotheby's and Christie's stated they did not recognise the artist's name.[23]

Managerial statisticsEdit

Managerial record by team and tenure
Team From To Record Ref
P W D L Win %
Carlisle United 11 September 1997 17 December 1998 68 19 12 37 027.9 [24]
Total 68 19 12 37 027.9

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Davenport, Peter (22 September 1989). "Football's modern-day man – Michael Knighton". Financial Times.
  2. ^ a b Patrick Haverson (19 August 1989). "Football Enthusiast Takes Over Top Club". Financial Times.
  3. ^ "Michael Knighton an interview". Everton FC Heritage Society. 20 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Who is Michael Knighton?". The Times. 19 August 1989.
  5. ^ Vine, Phillip (2019). Visionary, Manchester United, Michael Knighton and The Football Revolution 1989-2019. Pitch Publishing. ISBN 978 1 78531 577 0.
  6. ^ Man U Sold in Record Deal BBC News, accessed 22 May 2006
  7. ^ Daydream believer The Spectator, accessed 22 May 2006
  8. ^ "United warm to Knighton's example". The Times. 21 August 1989.
  9. ^ Paul Cheesewright (12 September 1989). "Keeping Red Devils out of the red: Manchester United's new chairman". Financial Times.
  10. ^ Peter Ball (18 September 1989). "Knighton takeover of United is put in doubt". The Times.
  11. ^ John Goodbody (7 October 1989). "Rangers owner assists Knighton buy United". The Times.
  12. ^ Ian Hamilton Fazey (21 September 1989). "Suitors ready if Knighton fails in bid for Manchester United". Financial Times.
  13. ^ Peter Davenport (12 October 1989). "Knighton drops takeover but joins board". The Times.
  14. ^ Carlisle wanted Beardo on trial[permanent dead link] This is Lancashire, Accessed 22 May 2006
  15. ^ Soccer chief who saw UFO is under the moon UFOs over America, Accessed 22 May 2006
  16. ^ David Wilkes, Michael Knighton & John Halpin Archived 28 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Working Glass Hero Archived 28 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine The Informer Online, Accessed 22 May 2006
  18. ^ "The life of Brooks Mileson". The Journal. Newcastle upon Tyne: ncjMedia. 31 March 2006. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  19. ^ United Trust History Accessed 22 May 2006
  20. ^ Knighton Breaks Silence, News & Star Archived 5 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Invite me back I'll go, News & Star 2015[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ Colman, Jon (25 June 2019). "Details of forthcoming book on former Carlisle Utd owner Michael Knighton revealed". News and Star. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  23. ^ Cathedral offered Sculpture worth £70m, Telegraph
  24. ^ "Managers: Michael Knighton". Soccerbase. Centurycomm. Retrieved 29 March 2017.

External linksEdit