Michael King OBE (15 December 1945 – 30 March 2004) was a New Zealand popular historian, author, and biographer. He wrote or edited over 30 books on New Zealand topics, including the best-selling Penguin History of New Zealand, which was the most popular New Zealand book of 2004.
Michael King in 1992
|Born||15 December 1945|
Wellington, New Zealand
|Died||30 March 2004 (aged 58)|
near Maramarua, Waikato, New Zealand
|Alma mater||Victoria University of Wellington, University of Waikato|
|Notable works||The Penguin History of New Zealand|
|Notable awards||Officer of the Order of the British Empire (1988)|
Prime Minister's Award for Literary Achievement (2003)
|Relatives||Jonathan King (son)|
Rachael King (daughter)
King was born in Wellington to Eleanor and Commander Lewis King, one of four children. Educated at Sacred Heart College in Auckland and St. Patrick's College, Silverstream, he went on to study history at Victoria University of Wellington before working as a journalist at the Waikato Times newspaper in Hamilton in 1968.
King earned degrees in history at Victoria, (BA 1967) and the University of Waikato (MA 1968), and gained his PhD at Waikato (1978). In 1997 he received an honorary DLitt at Victoria. He was Visiting Professor of New Zealand Studies at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., and taught or held fellowships at six other universities.
Although not Māori himself, King was well known for his knowledge of Māori culture and history. New Zealand Listener, one of New Zealand's most popular weekly magazines, dubbed King "the people's historian" for his efforts to write about and for the local populace. As a biographer, King published works on Te Puea Herangi, Whina Cooper, Frank Sargeson (1995) and Janet Frame (2000). As an historian, King's works include Being Pākehā (1985), Moriori (1989), and The Penguin History of New Zealand (July 2003), the latter of which was, by February 2004, into its seventh edition. In all, King wrote, co-wrote and edited more than 30 books on a diverse range of New Zealand topics. He contributed to all five volumes of the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography.
King was always sensitive to the fact that he was a Pākehā writing about the Māori world and always sought to establish close personal relationships with those he wrote about and their whānau, hapū and iwi authorities. He believed that all Pākehā had the same right to be called indigenous as Māori and disagreed with claims that only Māori have a spiritual association with mountains, lakes and rivers. He noted a recent tendency in literature to romanticise Māori life and indicated that certain aspects of Māori society in the pre-European era were harsher and less humane than the results of British colonisation.
King's two children with his first wife Ros are the filmmaker Jonathan King and novelist Rachael King. The marriage ended amicably in 1974, while they were sharing a communal house with two other families. King was a diabetic and had post-polio syndrome. He received six weeks of chemotherapy and radiotherapy for throat cancer discovered in October 2003, which was in remission by 2004.
Following King's death, an essay on John Money was posthumously published in an exhibition catalogue for the Eastern Southland Gallery in Gore; King had planned to write a full biography on Money, but had lacked funding to do so in his lifetime.
King and his second wife, Maria Jungowska, were killed when their car crashed into a tree and caught fire near Maramarua, on State Highway 2 in the north Waikato. The cause of the crash was a mystery at the time, but a coroner's inquest determined it was most likely caused by driver inattention.
King was winner of the 2003 Prime Minister's Award for Literary Achievement in Non-Fiction. Throughout his career he won the Feltex Television Writers' Award (1980), Winston Churchill Fellowship (1980), Fulbright Visiting Writers' Fellowship (1988), Officer of the Order of the British Empire (1988), NZ Literary Fund Award (1987 and 1989), Wattie Book of the Year Award (1984 and 1990), NZ Book Award (non-fiction) (1978) and was Burns Fellow at the University of Otago (1998–99). His book The Penguin History of New Zealand was overwhelmingly the Readers' Choice at the 2004 Montana NZ Book Awards. The New Zealand Herald named him New Zealander of the Year for 2003.
- Moko: Maori Tattooing in the 20th Century (1972)
- Make it News: how to approach the media (1974)
- Face Value: a study in Maori portraiture (1975)
- Te Ao Hurihuri: Aspects of Maoritanga (ed.) (1975)
- Te Puea: a biography (1977)
- Tihe Mauri Ora: Aspects of Maoritanga (ed.) (1978)
- New Zealand: Its Land and Its People (1979)
- The Collector: A Biography of Andreas Reischek (1981)
- Being Maori – John Rangihau (1981)
- New Zealanders at War (1981)
- A Place to Stand: a history of Turangawaewae Marae (1981)
- G.F. von Tempsky, Artist and Adventurer (with Rose Young) (1981)
- New Zealand in Colour (1982)
- Maori: A Photographic and Social History (1983)
- Whina: A Biography of Whina Cooper (1983)
- Te Puea Herangi: from darkness to light (1984)
- Being Pakeha: An Encounter with New Zealand and the Maori Renaissance (1985)
- Auckland (with Eric Taylor) (1985)
- Kawe Korero: A guide to reporting Maori activities (1985)
- Death of the Rainbow Warrior (1986)
- New Zealand (1987)
- After the War: New Zealand since 1945 (1988)
- One of the Boys?: changing views of masculinity in New Zealand (1988)
- Apirana Ngata: e tipu e rea (1988)
- Moriori: A People Rediscovered (1989)
- A Land Apart: The Chatham Islands of New Zealand (1990)
- Pākehā: The quest for identity in New Zealand (1991)
- Hidden Places: A Memoir in Journalism (1992)
- Coromandel (1993)
- Frank Sargeson: A Life (1995)
- God's Farthest Outpost: A History of Catholics in New Zealand (1997)
- Nga Iwi o te Motu: One thousand years of Maori history (1997)
- Being Pākehā Now: reflections and recollections of a white native (1999)
- Wrestling with the Angel: A Life of Janet Frame (2000)
- Tomorrow Comes the Song: A Life of Peter Fraser (with Michael Bassett) (2000)
- Tread Softly For You Tread On My Life: new & collected writings (2001)
- An Inward Sun: The World of Janet Frame (2002)
- At the Edge of Memory: A family story (2002)
- Penguin History of New Zealand (2003)
- The Silence Beyond (2011) (selected writings)
- "Ten years of NZ books". The New Zealand Herald. 8 February 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- King, Michael (2011). King, Rachael (ed.). The Silence Beyond. Auckland: Penguin. ISBN 9780143565567.
- Watkin, Tim. "The People's Historian" New Zealand Listener Vol 193 No 3335, 10–16 April 2004.
- King, Michael (2004). Being Pakeha Now: Recollections and Reflections of a White Native (2nd ed.). Auckland: Penguin. pp. 234–237. ISBN 9780143019565.
- King, Michael (2004). Being Pakeha Now: Recollections and Reflections of a White Native (2nd ed.). Auckland: Penguin. pp. 132–133. ISBN 9780143019565.
- Boyes, Nicola (25 February 2005). "Historian's death puzzles coroner". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 8 June 2008.
- "Previous winners". Creative New Zealand. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Watkin, Time (20 December 2003). "Herald New Zealander of the Year: Michael King". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- New Zealand Book Council biography
- Michael King's obituary from The New Zealand Herald
- Michael King Writers' Centre
- eTexts of some articles by Michael King
- An armchair interview with Michael King filmed in 1991. Available through NZ On Screen
- History Man, a documentary about Michael King made in 2004, just after he died.