Michael Balbo

Michael ben Shabbetai Cohen Balbo (Hebrew: מיכאל בן שבתאי כהן בלבו; 27 March 1411 – after 1484) was a Cretan rabbi, Kabbalist, and Hebrew poet. He came from a prominent rabbinic family,[3][4] the son of Shabbetai ben Isaiah Balbo, who wrote works of philosophy, Kabbalah, and Biblical commentary.[5]

Michael Balbo
Personal
Born
Michael ben Shabbetai Cohen Balbo

(1411-03-27)27 March 1411
DiedAfter 1484[2]
ReligionJudaism

A manuscript preserved in the Vatican Library contains several works of his, namely: a poem composed in 1453 on the occasion of the Fall of Constantinople and the cessation of the war; a poem lamenting his father's death (1456); a homiletic commentary on Psalm 28; and three sermons preached by Balbo in Khania in 1471, 1475, and 1477 respectively.[2] Another manuscript contains an account of a disputation (vikuaḥ) between Balbo and Moses Ashkenazi on gilgul.[6]

A work entitled Sha'are raḥamim, which is a supercommentary on Maimonides' commentary on the eleventh chapter of Sanhedrin, and a commentary on Ibn Ezra's hymn beginning Eḥad levado be-en samuk, both bear the name of Michael Cohen as author, who is supposed by Moritz Steinschneider to be identical with Balbo.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainJacobs, Joseph; Seligsohn, M. (1904). "Michael ben Shabbethai Cohen Balbo (called also Michael Cohen of Crete)". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. p. 540.

  1. ^ Lauer, Rena N. (2019). Colonial Justice and the Jews of Venetian Crete. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-8122-5088-6.
  2. ^ a b Horowitz, Yehoshua (2007). "Balbo, Michael ben Shabbetai Cohen". In Berenbaum, Michael; Skolnik, Fred (eds.). Encyclopaedia Judaica (2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan Reference. ISBN 978-0-02-866097-4.
  3. ^ Schwartz, Dov (2015). "The Debate on Mesharet Moshe: Epistles of Yedidya Rakh and Michael Balbo concerning Prophecy and Mosaic Prophecy / ספר ״משָרת משה״ בעין הסערה: תכתובת בין ר׳ ידידיה רך לר׳ מיכאל בלבו בסוגיות הנבואה ונבואת משה" [The Debate on Mesharet Moshe: Epistles of Yedidya Rakh and Michael Balbo concerning Prophecy and Mosaic Prophecy]. Alei Sefer: Studies in Bibliography and in the History of the Printed and the Digital Hebrew Book (in Hebrew) (24–25): 81–187. ISSN 0334-4754. JSTOR aleisefer.24-25.81.
  4. ^ Malachi, Zvi (1981). "מחיבוריהם של בני בלבו מקנדיאה במאה הט״ו" [The Balbo Family: Scholars of Hebrew Literature in Candia (15th Century)]. Mikhaʼel: Meʼasef Le-toldot Ha-Yehudim Ba-tefutsot (in Hebrew). 7: 255–270. ISSN 0334-4150. JSTOR i23493409.
  5. ^ Ravitzky, Aviezer (1998). "The God of the Philosophers Versus the God of the Kabbalists: A Controversy in 15th Century Crete (Hebrew MS, Vatican 105)". In Dan, Joseph; Hermann, Klaus (eds.). Studies in Jewish Manuscripts. Berlin: Mohr Siebeck. pp. 139–170. ISBN 978-3-16-147044-8.
  6. ^ Ogren, Brian. "Metempsychosis, Philosophy and Kabbalah: The Debate in Candia". Renaissance and Rebirth: Reincarnation in Early Modern Italian Kabbalah. pp. 41–70. doi:10.1163/ej.9789004177642.i-322.6. ISBN 978-90-47-44481-7.
  7. ^   Jacobs, Joseph; Seligsohn, M. (1904). "Michael ben Shabbethai Cohen Balbo (called also Michael Cohen of Crete)". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. p. 540.

External linksEdit