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Coordinates: 16°30′00″S 68°09′00″W / 16.50000°S 68.15000°W / -16.50000; -68.15000

Mi Teleférico (Spanish pronunciation: [mi tele'feɾiko], English: My Cable Car), also known as Teleférico La Paz–El Alto (La Paz–El Alto Cable Car), is an aerial cable car urban transit system serving the La PazEl Alto metropolitan area in Bolivia.[4] Four lines are currently in operation, and seven more are in planning or under construction. The system was built by the Austrian company Doppelmayr Garaventa Group.[5] Phase One, which consists of the Red, Yellow, and Green lines, opened in 2014. The Blue Line, the first line in Phase Two, opened in 2017.[3][6][7] The network currently consists of 14 stations, with interchanges at Chuqui Apu/Libertador (Yellow and Green Lines) and Jach'a Qhathu/16 de Julio (Red and Blue Lines). Two lines (Red and Yellow) connect the neighboring cities of La Paz and El Alto, which are separated by an elevation change of about 400 m (1,300 ft).

Mi Teleférico
La Paz–El Alto Cable Car
Mi Teleférico logo.png
Vista A La Linea Roja.png
Red Line cable car connecting La Paz and El Alto
Overview
Native name Mi Teleférico
Owner Empresa Estatal de Transporte por Cable "Mi Teleférico"
Locale La Paz, Bolivia
Transit type Gondola lift
Number of lines 4 (7 in planning)[1][2]
Number of stations 14 (14 in planning)[1][2]
Website www.miteleferico.bo
Operation
Began operation 30 May 2014
Number of vehicles 443 gondola cars (Red, Green, and Yellow Lines), 208 (Blue Line)[3]
Headway 12 sec
Technical
System length 14.7 km (9.1 mi)
System map

Seilbahnnetz La Paz.svg

Upon the completion of the 10-kilometre (6.2 mi) Phase One in 2014, the system was considered to be the longest aerial cable car system in the world,[8] and Phase Two will extend the system length by over 20 km (12 mi).[9] While other urban transit cable cars like Medellín's Metrocable complement existing rapid transit systems, Mi Teleférico is the first urban transit network to use cable cars as the primary mode of transportation.[10]

The system was planned in order to address a number of problems, including a precarious public transit system that could not cope with growing user demands, the high cost in time and money of traveling between La Paz and El Alto, chaotic traffic with its subsequent environmental and noise pollution, and a growing demand for gasoline and diesel fuel, which are subsidized by the state.

Contents

HistoryEdit

BackgroundEdit

The neighboring cities of El Alto and La Paz are the second and third most populous cities in Bolivia. Despite their proximity, travel between the two has always been a challenge, due to a difference in elevation of about 400 m (1,300 ft). La Paz, the national capital of Bolivia, is located in a canyon on the Choqueyapu River, while El Alto, a poorer but growing city with a majority indigenous population, is located above it on the Altiplano plateau. Prior to the construction of the cable car, travel between La Paz and El Alto was limited to heavily crowded, winding streets, and the only public transit consisted of buses and minibuses that often got stuck in traffic.[10] In order to alleviate this situation, the idea of connecting the two cities with a cable car has been proposed several times since the 1970s.

In the 1970s, under city councilman Mario Mercado Vaca Guzmán, a team planned an aerial cable car route connecting the neighborhoods of La Ceja in El Alto and La Florida in La Paz.

In 1990, under mayor Ronald MacLean Abaroa, a feasibility study was undertaken for a cable car between La Ceja in El Alto and the Plaza de San Francisco in La Paz. The most controversial aspects of the plan were the fare, the low passenger capacity, and the proximity to the Basilica of San Francisco. During the 1991 municipal elections, the Conciencia de Patria (CONDEPA) party candidate Julio Mantilla argued against a cable car, claiming it would cost minibus drivers their livelihoods and impact privacy.

In the 1993 municipal elections, mayoral candidate Mónica Medina, also of the CONDEPA party, made aerial transit one of her campaign promises, modifying the original idea of a single line into a system of interconnected cable car lines with a hub on Lainkakota hill.

In 2003, under mayor Juan del Granado, the project returned to the table, but details such as tower placement stalled the work.[11] The planned San Francisco terminal was moved to the Zapata soccer field near the Higher University of San Andrés, but the idea was still too controversial to move ahead.

In 2011, the Municipal Government of La Paz carried out a study on potential ridership demand, and found that the city handles 1.7 million trips per day, including 350,000 trips between La Paz and El Alto.

Phase OneEdit

In July 2012, Bolivian President Evo Morales Ayma sent the Plurinational Legislative Assembly a bill for the construction of a cable car to connect El Alto with the center and south of La Paz. Morales called together the mayor of La Paz, Luis Revilla, the mayor of El Alto, Édgar Patana, and the governor of the La Paz Department, César Cocarico, to participate in the project. The project was financed by the country's National Treasury with an internal loan from the Central Bank of Bolivia.

The system's Phase One consisted of the Red Line, Yellow Line, and Green Line, which are also the colors of the Bolivian flag. Phase One was inaugurated and began operation on 30 May 2014.

Phase TwoEdit

On 1 July 2014, Evo Morales announced five new interconnected lines to be built in the coming years. On 26 January 2015, the law permitting construction of Phase Two was passed, increasing the number of new lines to six and committing US $450 million to the project. A seventh line was announced in February 2016,[12] and an eighth was announced in July 2016.[13][14] Phase Two will extend the system by over 20 km (12 mi).[9][15] On 13 July 2017, it was announced that the cost of Phase 2 would be increased to US $506 million.[16]

The first Phase Two line to enter into service was the Blue Line, which opened on 3 March 2017.[3][6][7] The remaining seven lines will be the Orange, White, Purple, Sky Blue, Brown, Silver, and Gold Lines.[2][17]

LinesEdit

Lines in operationEdit

 
Yellow Line cable cars (view towards Libertador/Chuqui Apu)
 
Blue Line station under construction

The Mi Teleférico system consists of monocable aerial cable car lines. Each line has a maximum capacity of 6000 passengers per hour. The network has a total of four lines, with 443 cars on the Red, Green, and Yellow Lines and 208 on the Blue Line.[3] Each car seats 10 passengers. Cars depart every 12 seconds, and the network is open 17 hours a day.[18]

According to Mi Teleférico, the Red, Yellow, and Green Lines combined transport between 80,000 and 90,000 passengers per day. Of these, the Yellow and Red Lines, the two lines that link La Paz and El Alto, account for some 70,000 rides. During its opening week, the Blue Line moved 41,000 passengers in one day, and it has increased ridership on the Red Line by 15%.[19]

Line Terminus stations Length Travel time Stations Opened
Red Line 16 de Julio/Jach'a Qhathu – Estación Central/Taypi Uta 2.4 km (1.5 mi) 10 min 3 30 May 2014
Yellow Line Mirador/Qhana Pata – Chuqui Apu/Libertador 3.9 km (2.4 mi) 13.5 min 4 15 September 2014
Green Line Chuqui Apu/Libertador – Irpawi/Irpavi 3.7 km (2.3 mi) 16.6 min 4 4 December 2014
Blue Line Rio Seco/Waña Jawira – 16 de Julio/Jach'a Qhathu 4.7 km (2.9 mi) 17 min[20] 5 3 March 2017[3][6][7]

Future linesEdit

Line Terminus stations Length Travel time Stations Planned
opening
Orange Line Central/Taypi Uta – Plaza Villarroel 2.6 km (1.6 mi)   4 October 2017
White Line Plaza Villarroel – San Jorge 4.2 km (2.6 mi)   5
Purple Line Terminal de Transporte – San Jose 4.4 km (2.7 mi)   4
Sky Blue Line El Prado – Chuqui Apu/Libertador 0.9 km (0.56 mi)   3
Brown Line Monumento Busch – Villa Copacabana[1][15] 3.5 km (2.2 mi)   2
Silver Line 16 de Julio/Jach'a Qhathu – Mirador/Qhana Pata[12] 2.6 km (1.6 mi)   3
Gold Line Irpawi/Irpavi – Cota Cota[2][17]     3

StationsEdit

 
16 de Julio/Jach’a Qhathu station on the Red Line in El Alto.
 
Ciudad Satélite/Qhana Pata station on the Yellow Line in El Alto.

All stations have both a Spanish name and an Aymara name.

Red Line (Línea roja)Edit

Aymara name[1] Spanish name Connections City Notes
Taypi Uta Estación Central La Paz former central railway station
Ajayuni Cementerio La Paz main cemetery
Jach'a Qhathu 16 de julio Blue Line El Alto

Yellow Line (Línea amarilla)Edit

Aymara name[1] Spanish name Connections City Notes
Chuqui Apu Libertador Green Line La Paz
Suphu Kachi Sopocachi La Paz
Quta Uma Buenos Aires La Paz
Qhana Pata Ciudad Satélite El Alto

Green Line (Línea verde)Edit

Aymara name[1] Spanish name Connections City Notes
Irpawi Irpavi La Paz
Aynacha Obrajes Obrajes La Paz a free funicular provides access from Calle 17 to the station[21]
Pata Obrajes Alto Obrajes La Paz
Chuqui Apu Libertador Yellow Line La Paz

Blue Line (Línea azul)Edit

Aymara name[20] Spanish name[7] Connections City Notes
Jach'a Qhathu 16 de julio Red Line El Alto
Qhana Thaki Plaza Libertad El Alto
Suma Qamaña Plaza La Paz El Alto
Yatina Uta Plaza UPEA El Alto Universidad Pública de El Alto
Waña Jawira Río Seco El Alto

IncidentsEdit

When the system first opened, riders experienced delays of 2 to 25 minutes, which the government attributed to technical problems and riders holding doors.[22]

On February 14, 2015, a eucalyptus tree fell, striking an empty cabin on the Yellow Line, dislocating the cable and leaving passengers stranded for three hours. 19 passengers suffered bruises and other minor injuries, but there were no major injuries, and only minor damage to three cabins.[23]

On May 9, 2016, a tower from the construction of the Blue Line fell, with 9 injured and no deaths.

Intermodal transfersEdit

Beginning in December 2014, the Mi Teleférico and La Paz Bus systems began allowing passenger transfers at the Chuqui Apu station.[24]

Mobile applicationEdit

Mi Teleferico has released a mobile application for Android and Apple with information about existing and future lines.[25][26]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Almanaque Mi Teleférico" [Mi Teleférico Calendar] (PDF) (in Spanish). Empresa Estatal de Transporte por Cable "Mi Teleférico". Retrieved February 2, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Red de Integración Metropolitana" [Metropolitan Integration Network]. Mi Teleférico (in Spanish). 7 March 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Bolivia Inaugurates New Cable Car Line". Prensa Latina. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  4. ^ Altamirano, Amalia (May 30, 2014). "Evo Morales inaugura teléferico que une La Paz y El Alto" [Evo Morales inaugurates cable car to connect La Paz and El Alto]. Prensa Latina (in Spanish). 
  5. ^ Metcalfe, John (April 11, 2014). "Bolivia Deploys the World's Largest System of Cable Cars". CityLab. Atlantic Media. 
  6. ^ a b c "Línea Azul del Teleférico inicia operaciones comerciales" [Teleférico's Blue Line begins commercial operation]. Bolivia.com (in Spanish). 3 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d Corz, Carlos (3 March 2017). "La Línea Azul del teleférico inicia operaciones en El Alto en medio de dos homenajes" [Teleférico's Blue Line begins operations amidst two homages]. La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  8. ^ "Bolivia consolida la red de teleférico más largo del mundo" [Bolivia establishes world's longest cable car network]. teleSUR (in Spanish). December 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Evo autoriza la construcción de seis nuevas líneas de teleférico en La Paz y El Alto" [Evo authorizes construction of six new cable car lines in La Paz and El Alto]. Página Siete (in Spanish). La Paz, Bolivia. January 26, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b Neuman, William (August 16, 2014). "With Subway in the Sky, Valley Meets Plateau". The New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2015. 
  11. ^ Villa, Micaela (July 12, 2012). "Evo anuncia millonaria inversión para teleférico La Paz-El Alto" [Evo announces multi-million-dollar investment in La Paz-El Alto cable car]. La Razón (in Spanish). La Paz, Bolivia. 
  12. ^ a b Chu, Nick (February 18, 2016). "La Paz: Purple Line Starts Construction, Silver Line Announced". The Gondola Project. Creative Urban Projects. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  13. ^ "110 millones de dólares más en teleféricos y parque cultural para el desarrolloo de La Paz" [Another $110M for cable cars and cultural park for development in La Paz]. Mi Teleférico (in Spanish). 15 July 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  14. ^ Landsman, Peter (20 July 2016). "Mi Teleférico to Build 11th Gondola Line in La Paz". LiftBlog. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  15. ^ a b Tapia, Guadalupe (January 27, 2015). "Elevan a 6 las líneas de fase II del teleférico; la Azul es la más larga" [Number of lines in cable car's phase two raised to six; Yellow to be the longest]. La Razón (in Spanish). La Paz, Bolivia. 
  16. ^ Corz, Carlos (13 July 2017). "Comienzan obras de la línea Celeste del Teleférico y la inversión para la segunda fase sube a $us 506 MM" [Work begins on Mi Teleférico's Sky Blue Line and investment for second phase rises to US $506 million]. La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  17. ^ a b Chuquimia, Leny (4 August 2016). "Mi Teleférico evalúa la reducción del trazo inicial de la línea Blanca" [Mi Teleférico evaluates reduction of the White Line's original length]. Página Siete (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  18. ^ "Ficha técnica del proyecto teleférico" [Cable car project technical datasheet] (PDF) (in Spanish). Ministerio de Obras Públicas, Servicios y Vivienda, Bolivia. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Dockweiler: El teleférico es autosostenible y la Línea Azul llevó en un día 41 mil pasajeros" [Dockweiler: Cable car is self-sustaining and Blue Line carried 41 thousand passengers in one day]. Opinión.com.bo (in Spanish). 6 March 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  20. ^ a b "Mira el recorrido de la Línea Azul de Mi Teleférico" [Watch a trip on Mi Teleférico's Blue Line]. La Razón. 4 March 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  21. ^ Chuquimia, Leny (March 4, 2015). "Entrega del funicular de Obrajes cierra primera fase del teleférico" [Delivery of Obrajes funicular brings cable car's phase one to an end]. Página Siete (in Spanish). La Paz, Bolivia. 
  22. ^ "Ministro atribuye al mal uso de los usuarios por las interrupciones que sufrió el teleférico" [Ministry attributes cable car delays to rider misbehavior]. teleSUR (in Spanish). December 3, 2014. 
  23. ^ Imaña, Gabriela (February 15, 2016). "Caída de árbol saca de su eje cable del teleférico, hay heridos" [Fallen tree dislocates Mi Teleférico cable, injuries reported]. La Razón (in Spanish). La Paz, Bolivia. 
  24. ^ "Acuerdan cambio bimodal entre el teleférico y los buses PumaKatari" [Agreement reached on intermodal transfers between cable car and PumaKatari buses]. La Razón (in Spanish). La Paz, Bolivia. November 18, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Teleférico La Paz - Android Apps on Google Play". play.google.com. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  26. ^ "Teleférico La Paz en el App Store". App Store. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 

External linksEdit