Northwestern Otomi

  (Redirected from Mezquital Otomi)

Northwestern Otomi is a native American language of central Mexico.

Northwestern Otomi
Native toMéxico
RegionHidalgo, Querétaro, México
Native speakers
(130,000 cited 1990 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
ote – Mezquital Otomi
otq – Querétaro Otomi


There are two varieties with limited (c. 78%) intelligibility, sometimes considered separate languages:

  • Mezquital Otomi (Otomí del Valle del Mezquital). The autonym is Hñahñu[3] It is spoken in the state of Hidalgo, especially in the Mezquital Valley, by 100,000 people. There are also some migrant worker expatriates in the United States in the states of Texas (270), Oklahoma (230), and North Carolina (100). A dictionary and grammar of the language have been published.
  • Querétaro Otomi. The autonym varies as Hñohño, Ñañhų, Hñąñho, Ñǫthǫ.[4] It is spoken by 33,000 in the Querétaro municipalities of Amealco (towns of San Ildefonso & Santiago Mexquititlán); in Mexico State, the town of Acambay, and in Querétaro, the town of Tolimán, and in Michoacan, the town of San Felipe los Alzatí. There are also small numbers in the state of Guanajuato.


  1. ^ Mezquital Otomi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Querétaro Otomi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Northwestern Otomi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Lastra 2006 p. 57, Wright Carr 2005
  4. ^ Lastra 2006 p. 57

Cited worksEdit