1912 map

The Mexican Railway (Ferrocarril Mexicano) (reporting mark FCM) was one of the primary pre-nationalization railways of Mexico. Incorporated in London in September 1864 as the Imperial Mexican Railway (Ferrocarril Imperial Mexicano) to complete an earlier project, it was renamed in July 1867[1] after the Second French Empire withdrew from Mexico. The main line from Mexico City to Veracruz was dedicated on January 1, 1873 by President Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada; branches connected Ometusco to Pachuca and Apizaco to Puebla.[2][3] The 103 kilometers between Esperanza and Paso del Macho were electrically operated beginning in the 1920s.[4][5]

The Mexican Railway remained independent of the government-owned Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (National Railways of Mexico) until the government gained control in June 1946 and merged the property in March 1959.[6] Following privatization in the 1990s, Ferrosur acquired the lines of the former Mexican Railway.


  1. ^ Pan-American Magazine and New World Review, 1923, p. 28
  2. ^ Fred Wilbur Powell, The Railroads of Mexico, Stratford Company (Boston), 1921, pp. 102-103
  3. ^ Manual of Statistics Company (New York), The Manual of Statistics: Stock Exchange Hand-Book, 1908, pp. 195-196
  4. ^ Railway Electrical Engineer Vol 13 Number 11, pp 390-391
  5. ^ Official Guide of the Railways, June 1954, pg 1191
  6. ^ Tothill Press, Directory of Railway Officials & Year Book, 1961-1962, p. 272

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