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The Metropolitan Collegiate Athletic Conference, popularly known as the Metro Conference, was an NCAA Division I athletics conference, so named because its six charter members were all in urban metropolitan areas, though its later members did not follow that pattern. The conference was centered in the Upper South with some strength in the Deep South. The conference never sponsored football, although most of its members throughout its history had Division I-A football programs (from 1983–91, all Metro schools had independent football programs). In 1995, it merged with the Great Midwest Conference to form Conference USA. The merger was driven mainly by football, as several Metro Conference members had been successfully lured to larger conferences that sponsored the sport.
|Members||7 (final), 13 (total)|
The conference was popularly known as the "Metro 6" during its first season, then as the "Metro 7" during the rest of the 1970s and early 1980s. For most of its existence, it was considered a "major" conference.
The Metro Conference was founded in 1975 with institutions that were located in urban metropolitan areas. The charter members were the University of Cincinnati, Georgia Institute of Technology, the University of Louisville, Memphis State University (now the University of Memphis), Saint Louis University and Tulane University. Florida State University joined in 1976.
In 1978, Georgia Tech left the Metro for the Atlantic Coast Conference, effective on July 1, 1979; and Virginia Tech replaced its spot in 1979. In 1982, Saint Louis left to join the Midwestern Collegiate Conference, now known as the Horizon League; while the University of Southern Mississippi replaced its spot in that same year. The University of South Carolina later joined in 1983.
In 1991, Florida State joined the ACC, and then South Carolina joined the Southeastern Conference. However, South Carolina re-joined the Metro for 1993 and 1994 men's soccer seasons in that sport only, because the SEC did not (and still does not) offer the sport for men (four schools were required to sponsor a sport; the SEC had just three, now two). Charter members Cincinnati and Memphis State also left the Metro in 1991 to become charter members of the Great Midwest. To replace them, three of the stronger non-football schools from the Sun Belt Conference (the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of South Florida and Virginia Commonwealth University) shifted to the Metro.
In 1993, the Metro and Great Midwest conferences began reunification talks that led to the creation of C-USA. However, the Virginia schools filed a lawsuit in order to prevent the merger from happening, which ultimately failed. VCU joined the Colonial Athletic Association. Virginia Tech (who was banking on an invitation to join the Big East Conference) was left out of Conference USA, and joined the Atlantic 10 Conference (it later joined the Big East in 2000 and is now in the Atlantic Coast Conference since 2004). It was joined by Great Midwest member Dayton, who was intrigued by the prospect of playing against regional rival Xavier.
Initially, South Carolina was not permitted to participate in Conference USA for men's soccer, although it was admitted ten years later, also bringing along Kentucky, the only other men's soccer school in the SEC (coincidentally, Tulane was a longtime SEC member from 1932 until 1966).
Proposed super conferenceEdit
The Metro Conference also had studies into a new "Super conference" in 1990. The study was conducted by Raycom Sports. The conference would have included members of the Metro, Atlantic 10, and Big East conferences, but it was not clear if the conference would become a football-sponsoring conference as many of its members did in fact sponsor football but were either independents or belonged to other conferences. The original study plan also included Penn State.
|North Division||South Division|
|Boston College||East Carolina|
|Virginia Tech||Southern Mississippi|
|University of Cincinnati**||Bearcats||Cincinnati, Ohio||1819||Public||41,357||1975||1991|
|Georgia Institute of Technology||Yellow Jackets||Atlanta, Georgia||1885||Public||21,557||1975||1978|
|University of Louisville**||Cardinals||Louisville, Kentucky||1798||Public||22,249||1975||2005|
|Memphis State University**, 1||Tigers||Memphis, Tennessee||1912||Public||22,365||1975||1991|
|Saint Louis University**||Billikens||St. Louis, Missouri||1818||Private (Roman Catholic)||13,785||1975||1982|
|Tulane University*, 2||Green Wave||New Orleans, Louisiana||1834||Private (Non-Sectarian)||13,359||1975,
|Florida State University||Seminoles||Tallahassee, Florida||1851||Public||41,710||1976||1991|
|Virginia Tech||Hokies||Blacksburg, Virginia||1872||Public||31,087||1978||1995|
|University of Southern Mississippi*||Golden Eagles||Hattiesburg, Mississippi||1910||Public||17,968||1982||' N/A|
|University of South Carolina||Gamecocks||Columbia, South Carolina||1801||Public||30,967||1983
|University of North Carolina at Charlotte***, (NF: 2013; F: 2015)||49ers||Charlotte, North Carolina||1961||Public||25,277||1991||2005|
|University of South Florida**, (NF: 1996, F: 2003)||Bulls||Tampa, Florida||1956||Public||47,122||1991||2005|
|Virginia Commonwealth University||Rams||Richmond, Virginia||1818||Public||31,899||1991||1995|
NF - Non-football school at the time but has since added football, first year of play listed.
* - Southern Mississippi remains in the reunified Conference USA for all sports.
** - School was charter member of Conference USA, but has since left for another conference. South Florida and Memphis are now members of the American Athletic Conference.
*** - School left Conference USA, but has since returned. Charlotte was one of C-USA's charter members but left in 2005 to join Saint Louis in the Atlantic 10 Conference. After announcing football to begin play in 2013, Charlotte rejoined C-USA in all sports except football, which underwent a two-year transitional membership. The school began football play in 2015 but was only conditionally eligible for postseason play that year.
1 - Prior to adopting its current name in 1994, the University of Memphis was previously known as Memphis State University.
2 - From 1985 through 1989, Tulane dropped its men's basketball program after a point shaving scandal and was expelled from the conference. It was re-admitted in 1989 when it re-instated men's basketball.
3 - After leaving the Metro Conference in 1991, South Carolina played two seasons as an independent in men's soccer, as the Southeastern Conference does not sponsor men's soccer. They rejoined the Metro for the sport only in 1993, but was not invited as part of reunification. When the program rejoined C-USA in 2005, Kentucky, the other remaining SEC school with men's soccer, left the Mid-American Conference to follow their SEC brethren.
- 1. Because the Southeastern Conference does not sponsor men's soccer, South Carolina was an independent from 1991-92, rejoined the Metro for the 1993 and 1994 men's soccer seasons, played as an independent after reunification (1995-2004), and rejoined the reunified C-USA in 2005 for the sport only.
- 2. The American Athletic Conference was known as the Big East until the 2013 breakup. Schools in the Big East at the end of the 2012-13 season remained in The American Athletic Conference did not change conferences.
- 3. Southern Mississippi is the only school from the Metro to have been a Conference USA member every year since reunification in 1995. Charlotte (left in 2005, rejoined except football, 2013-15, all sports 2016) and South Carolina (men's soccer, 2005-present) have had time off but are currently in post-reunification Conference USA. Football was added after reunification at Charlotte.