Meteor (web framework)

Meteor, or MeteorJS, is a free and open-source isomorphic JavaScript web framework[3] written using Node.js. Meteor allows for rapid prototyping and produces cross-platform (Android, iOS, Web) code. It integrates with MongoDB and uses the Distributed Data Protocol and a publish–subscribe pattern to automatically propagate data changes to clients without requiring the developer to write any synchronization code. On the client, Meteor can be used with any popular front-end JS framework, Vue, React, Svelte, Angular, or Blaze.

Developer(s)Meteor Software
Initial releaseJanuary 20, 2012; 9 years ago (2012-01-20)[1]
Stable release
2.0 [2] / 2021-01-20[±]
RepositoryMeteor Repository
Written inJavaScript
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeJavaScript framework
LicenseMIT License Edit this at Wikidata

Meteor is developed by Meteor Software. The startup was incubated by Y Combinator[4] and received $11.2M in funding from Andreessen Horowitz in July 2012.[5] Meteor raised an additional $20M in Series B funding from Matrix Partners, Andreessen Horowitz and Trinity Ventures.[6] It intends to become profitable by offering Galaxy, an enterprise-grade hosting environment for Meteor applications.[7]


Having been in development for about 8 months, Meteor was initially released in December 2011 under the name Skybreak.[8] By April 2012, the framework was renamed Meteor and officially launched.[9] During the next few months, and with the help of large investments from Andreessen Horowitz and endorsements from high-profile figures in the startup world,[9] Meteor steadily increased its user base and became more commonly used in production apps and websites.

Particularly after receiving large amounts of venture capital in its Series B funding round, Meteor acquired and integrated several other startups into its core product. Acquisitions have included FathomDB, a cloud database startup,[10] Galaxy, a cloud platform for operating and managing Meteor applications,[11] and Kadira, a performance monitoring solution.[12] Meteor has successfully monetized its userbase: In 2016, Meteor beat its own revenue goals by 30% by offering web hosting for Meteor apps through Galaxy.[13]

From 2016 the Meteor Development Group (the open source organisation powering Meteor) started working on a new backend layer based on GraphQL to gradually replace their pub/sub system, largely isolated in the whole node.js ecosystem: the Apollo framework.

In October 2019, the Meteor.js open source framework and Galaxy Hosting Products were purchased by Tiny Capital and renamed Meteor Software.

Distributed Data ProtocolEdit

Distributed Data Protocol (or DDP) is a client-server protocol for querying and updating a server-side database and for synchronizing such updates among clients. It uses the publish-subscribe messaging pattern. It was created for use by the Meteor JavaScript framework.[14] The DDP Specification is located on GitHub.[15]


  • Coleman, Tom; Greif, Sacha - Discover Meteor (2014)[16]
  • Hochhaus, Stephan; Schoebel, Manuel - Meteor in Action (2014)[17]
  • Müns, Philipp - Auditing Meteor Applications (2016)
  • Strack, Isaac - Getting started with Meteor.js JavaScript framework (2012)[18]
  • Susiripala, Arunoda - Bulletproof Meteor (2014)[19]
  • Titarenco, David; Robinson, Josh; Gray, Aaron - Introducing Meteor (2015)[20]
  • Susiripala, Arunoda - Meteor Explained - A Journey Into Meteor's Reactivity (2014)[21]
  • Turnbull, David - Your First Meteor Application: A Complete Beginner's Guide to the Meteor JavaScript Framework (2014)[22]

Packages and ToolsEdit

  • Meteor Toys - in-app development tools [23]
  • Meteor Candy - in-app admin panel [24]
  • InjectDetect - database injection attack detection [25]
  • Vulcan.js - React/GraphQL stack built on top of Meteor [26]
  • Apollo - GraphQL server with support for Meteor


  1. ^ "Bump to version 0.1.1 · meteor/meteor@4e4358e". GitHub.
  2. ^ "Announcing Meteor 2.0". Retrieved 2021-01-22.
  3. ^ Vanian, Jonathan (27 December 2014). "Meteor wants to be the warp drive for building real-time apps". Gigaom.
  4. ^ Tan, Garry. "Meteor (YC S11) raises $11.2M from Andreessen Horowitz and Matrix Partners to create the next Ruby on Rails". Y Combinator.
  5. ^ Finley, Klint (2012-07-25). "Andreessen Horowitz Keeps Eating The Software World With $11.2 Million Investment In JavaScript Framework Company Meteor". TechCrunch.
  6. ^ "Announcing our $20m Series B Funding – Meteor Blog". Meteor Blog. 2015-05-19. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  7. ^ "Meteor's new $11.2 million development budget – Meteor Blog". 25 July 2012.
  8. ^ "Skybreak is now Meteor – Meteor Blog". 20 January 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Meteor: Etherpad Founder & Other Rockstars Team Up To Make Web App Development A Breeze – TechCrunch".
  10. ^ Lardinois, Frederic (2014-10-07). "Meteor Acquires YC Alum FathomDB For Its Development Platform". TechCrunch.
  11. ^ DeBergalis, Matt (2015-10-05). "Announcing Meteor Galaxy". Meteor Blog. Retrieved 2017-02-03.
  12. ^ "MDG acquires Kadira APM – Meteor Blog". Meteor Blog. 2017-03-24. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  13. ^ "Meteor in 2017 – Meteor Blog". Meteor Blog. 2017-01-26. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
  14. ^ "Introducing DDP". Retrieved 2013-05-29.
  15. ^ "DDP Specification". Retrieved 2014-04-24.
  16. ^ Coleman, Tom; Grief, Sacha. Discover Meteor. Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2015-02-02.
  17. ^ Hochhaus, Stephan; Schoebel, Manuel (2014). Meteor in Action. Manning. ISBN 9781617292477.
  18. ^ Strack, Isaac (2012). Getting started with Meteor.js JavaScript framework (New ed.). Birmingham, UK: Packt Pub. ISBN 978-1782160823.
  19. ^ Susiripala, Arunoda. "Bulletproof Meteor". Meteorhacks.
  20. ^ Robinson, Josh (2015-12-30). Introducing Meteor. Gray, Aaron,, Titarenco, David. [Berkeley, CA]. ISBN 9781430268352. OCLC 934083393.
  21. ^ Susiripala, Arunoda. "Meteor Explained - A Journey Into Meteor's Reactivity". Meteorhacks.
  22. ^ Turnbull, David (30 July 2014). Your First Meteor Application.
  23. ^ "Meteor Toys". Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  24. ^ "Meteor Candy, the Admin Panel for Your Meteor.js App". Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  25. ^ "Inject Detect". Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  26. ^ "VulcanJS: The full-stack React+GraphQL framework". Retrieved 2017-09-29.

External linksEdit