The Metauro is a river in the Marche region of central Italy.[1] It rises in the Apennine Mountains and runs east for 110 kilometres (68 mi) or 121 kilometres (75 mi) if the Meta is included as its uppermost reach.

The Metauro in Sant'Angelo in Vado
Country Italy
Physical characteristics
 • locationnear Monte dei Frati in the Province of Pesaro e Urbino
 • elevation1,400 m (4,600 ft)
MouthAdriatic Sea
 • location
near Fano
 • coordinates
43°49′45″N 13°03′17″E / 43.8292°N 13.0546°E / 43.8292; 13.0546
Length121 km (75 mi)
Basin size1,325 km2 (512 sq mi)
 • average20.8 m3/s (730 cu ft/s)

The name of the river in Latin is Metaurus[2] or Mataurus. In Ancient Greek, the name of the river is Métauros, Μέταυρος which stems simply from the union of the two torrents: Meta, running from the Apennine pass Bocca Trabaria, at an elevation of 1,044 metres (3,425 ft), and Auro, flowing from Monte Maggiore, at an elevation of 1,384 metres (4,541 ft).

The source of the river is located near Monte dei Frati in the border region between the provinces of Pesaro e Urbino, Arezzo and Perugia.[3] It flows east through Pesaro e Urbino near Mercatello sul Metauro, Sant'Angelo in Vado (where the river forms the Cascata del Sasso, "Waterfall of the Stone"), Urbania, Fermignano, Fossombrone (in whose territory it receives the waters of the Candigliano), and, after flowing into a tight valley, the Gola del Furlo, Montemaggiore al Metauro, from which it starts to flow in a plain area. The river flows northeast near Calcinelli, Saltara, Lucrezia, Cartoceto and Cuccurano before flowing into the Adriatic Sea near Fano.

History edit

The Greek city of Metauros was founded in the 7th century BC near the mouth of the river which also served as a boundary between its city-state and that of Tauriana 1 km south of the river.

Battles edit

Two battles were fought on the banks of Metauro in ancient times.

References edit

  1. ^ Harris, W. "Places: 413199 (Metaurus (river))". Pleiades. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
  2. ^ Richard J.A. Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World: Map-By-Map Directory. Vol. I. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press. p. 610. ISBN 0691049459.
  3. ^ Hammond World Atlas (6 ed.). Hammond World Atlas Corporation. 2010. p. 69. ISBN 9780843715606.

External links edit