Mervyn Middlecoat

Wing Commander Mervyn Leslie Middlecoat (July 1931 – 12 December 1971) was a Pakistani fighter pilot in the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) who was involved in a number of aerial battles during the 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pakistani wars, before being shot down on 12 December 1971.[1] He was one of a number of distinguished Pakistani strike and fighter pilots of the period. Before his death he was stationed at Mauripur, Karachi, Pakistan where he flew the F-104 Starfighter.

Mervyn Middlecoat
Birth nameMervyn Leslie Middlecoat
Nickname(s)Commander Leslie
Born6 July 1931
Died12 December 1971
Okha, India
Remains not found
Allegiance Pakistan
Service/branch Pakistan Air Force
Years of service1954–1971
RankUS-O5 insignia.svg Wing Commander (Lieutenant Colonel)
Service numberPAF-3550
UnitNo. 9 Squadron Griffins
Commands heldNo. 9 Squadron Griffins
Battles/warsIndo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Operation Amritsar Radar
Arab Israel war 1968
AwardsSitara-e-Jurat (1965)
Sitara-e-Jurat (1971)
Sitara-i-Basalat (1971)

Early lifeEdit

Middlecoat was born into an Anglo-Indian family in Ludhiana, India, in July 1931. His parents were Percy and Daisy Middlecoat. He received his early education at Lawrence College Murree, St. Anthony's High School (Lahore) and Burn Hall College Abbotabad. Middlecoat joined the PAF, passed out of the 16th General Duty Pilot (GDP) Course in 1954, and won the Best Performance Trophy in ground subjects.[2]

Soft-spoken and mild mannered, Middlecoat was considered to be the epitome of an officer and a gentleman, besides also being an outstanding pilot. Although he flew a number of different aircraft during his service career, he mastered both the F-86 Sabre and the F-104 Starfighter.[3]

On 27 September 1957, he married Jeanne Viegas, the daughter of a Christian family living in Lahore. On 21 October 1959, a daughter named Leslie Ann was born to the Middlecoats while he was stationed at Mauripur, Karachi.[2]

The 1965 WarEdit

Middlecoat's prowess as a pilot and leader were recognized early in his career and when Pakistan became the beneficiary of US military aid in the 1950s, he was selected, along with his close friend, Allauadin "Butch" Ahmed, to be the first two PAF officers to go to the US to train on the F-86 Sabre. Some years later, the same two officers were again selected as PAF pioneers to go to the US to train on the more advanced F-104 Starfighter. The F-104 was inducted in the PAF's No. 9 Squadron (Griffins).

As a Squadron Leader, Middlecoat commanded No. 9 Squadron during the 1965 war. Leading from the front, he kept the spirits of his boys high and guided his pilots in a highly professional manner. Besides undertaking dangerous photo-reconnaissance missions over Indian territory, including a key radar facility located in the grounds of a Sikh temple in Amritsar, Indian Punjab, he either shot down or badly damaged a high-flying IAF Canberra bomber egressing Pakistan airspace into India at night.

During the three-week war, Middlecoat flew 17 air defence sorties and three photo reconnaissance missions over forward Indian airbases.[4] For his leadership and devotion to duty, he was awarded the Sitara-i-Jurat, the third highest award in the Pakistani military, in 1965.[5]

The 1971 WarEdit

Promoted to Wing Commander, at the outbreak of war on 3 December 1971 Middlecoat was on a training assignment with the Royal Jordanian Air Force. The day after he returned to Karachi, he volunteered for a mission to attack the heavily defended Indian airbase at Jamnagar on 12 December.[4]

After strafing aircraft parked on the runway, Middlecoat and his wingman were forced to abort their mission when they were bounced by two IAF MIG-21 aircraft from No. 47 Squadron IAF.[4][6] Middlecoat, as leader of the sortie, was entitled to egress first but instead told his younger wingman to depart ahead of him. Maintaining a high speed, he reduced altitude and managed to deflect the first missile fired at his Starfighter. However, with the lead MiG21 closing range, he was shot down over the Rann (Gulf) of Kutch. The Indian pilot who shot him down, Flight Lieutenant Bharat Bhushan Soni, saw Middlecoat eject and his parachute deploy. As he fell into the Arabian Sea, Soni contacted a nearby IAF base to send a rescue team; however, by the time potential rescuers arrived, Middlecoat was nowhere to be found.[4] He had landed in shark infested waters and it was considered unlikely that he survived.[citation needed] Declared missing in action, he was posthumously awarded a Bar to the Sitara-i-Jurat. His remains were never found.

Such was Middlecoat's renown as a fighter pilot, leader and teacher that King Hussein of Jordan, a keen pilot, wrote to Middlecoat's widow, Jeanne, stating that his death was a personal loss. The King requested that Middlecoat be buried with the Jordanian flag under his head if he was to be wrapped in the Pakistani flag. Middlecoat had fought for the King earlier during the Six-Day War with Israel in June 1967.[4]

His citation read:

On the outbreak of war on 3rd December 71, Wing Commander Mervyn L Middlecoat was on a training visit abroad. He returned to Pakistan immediately and joined operations with such keen interest that he inspired all squadron pilots. The day after his arrival he was detailed on a strike mission to the heavily defended Jamnagar airfield. While returning after the successful mission he was engaged by two enemy Mig-21s. In the encounter his aircraft was hit by an enemy missile. He was heard to be ejecting in Indian territory and was officially declared missing in action. For his devotion to duty, determination and courage he was awarded a Bar to the Sitara-i-Jurat and Sitara-i-Basalat. (See PAF History 1989)[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Hali, S.M. (2000). "F-104 Starfighters in Pakistan Air Force". Defence Journal. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  2. ^ a b The Express Tribune, 11 November 2012
  3. ^ Hali, S.M. (1998). "PAF's Gallant Christian Heroes Carry Quaid's Message". Defence Journal. Archived from the original on 7 March 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Supersonic Air Combat: The 1971 Liberation War". Vayu Aerospace & Defence Review. 23 (1). 1997. Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  5. ^ Jagan Mohan and Chopra 2005, p. 336.
  6. ^ Rakshak, Bharat. "IAF MiG-21s at War". Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  7. ^

Further readingEdit

  • Jagan Mohan, P.V.S; Chopra, Samir (2005). The India-Pakistan Air War of 1965. New Delhi: Manohar Books. ISBN 81-7304-641-7.
  • Bowman, Martin W.; Vogelsang, Matthias (2001). Lockheed F-104 Starfighter. Marlborough: Crowood Press. ISBN 1-86126-314-7.