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A merkin (with flashlight) worn by a woman to cover her genitalia, USA

A merkin is a pubic wig. Merkins were originally worn by prostitutes after shaving their genitalia, and are now used as decorative items, erotic devices, or in films, by both men and women.

History and etymologyEdit

The Oxford Companion to the Body dates the origin of the pubic wig to the 1450s. According to the publication, women would shave their pubic hair for personal hygiene and to combat pubic lice. They would then don a merkin. Also, prostitutes would wear a merkin to cover up signs of disease, such as syphilis.[1][2]

It has also been suggested that when male actors played female parts onstage, they would cover their genitals with a merkin so they could pose as women in nude scenes.[3]

The Oxford English Dictionary dates the first written use of the term to 1617. The word probably originated from malkin,[4][5] a derogatory term for a lower-class young woman, or from Marykin, a pet form of the female given name Mary.[5]

Contemporary useEdit

In Hollywood film making, merkins can be worn by actors and actresses to avoid inadvertent exposure of the genitalia during nude or semi-nude scenes. With the merkin in place, brief flashes of the crotch can be used if necessary. The presence of the merkin protects the actor from inadvertently performing "full-frontal" nudity – some contracts specifically require that nipples and genitals be covered in some way – which can help ensure that the film achieves a less restrictive MPAA rating.[6]

A merkin may also be used when the actor has less pubic hair than is required, as in the nude dancing extras in The Bank Job. Amy Landecker wore a merkin in A Serious Man (2009) for a nude sunbathing scene; bikini waxing was not common for 1967 when the film is set.[7][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oxford Companion to the Body Oxford University Press, 2002
  2. ^ Francis, Gareth (2003-06-26). "A short and curly history of the merkin". The Guardian. 
  3. ^ Harker, Joseph (1994). Notes & Queries, vol. 5. London: Fourth Estate. pp. 96–7. ISBN 1-85702-266-1. 
  4. ^ Bradley, Henry; Cragie, William Alexander (1908). Murray, James Alexander Henry; et al., eds. Merkin. A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. 2. 6. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 360. 
  5. ^ a b "merkin, n.1". OED Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2014-07-14. 
  6. ^ Duchovny, David DVD commentary for Steven Soderbergh's Full Frontal'
  7. ^ Yuan, Jada (2009-09-28). "A Serious Man's Amy Landecker: 'The Correct Term Is Merkin'". New York (magazine). Retrieved 2010-04-28. 
  8. ^ a b Lindsy Van Gelder. Your Bikini Line, Your Business?, Allure, 2009-08-26
  9. ^ Lucy Lawless interview for Entertainment Weekly
  10. ^ Hannah Morrill. Kate Winslet, Unscripted, Allure, 2009-06-03.
    NOTE: Many sources claim that she wore a merkin by only quoting part of this interview (found in full in the printed issue):
    "Let me tell you, The Reader was not glamorous for me in terms of body-hair maintenance. I had to grow it in, because you can't have a landing strip in 1950, you know? And then because of years of waxing, as all of us girls know, it doesn't come back quite the way it used to. They even made me a merkin because they were so concerned that I might not be able to grow enough. I said, 'Guys, I am going to have to draw the line at a pubic wig, but you can shoot my own snatch up close and personal.'"
    Another Allure source (used here) also says she didn't wear it.
  11. ^ Mehr Transparenz auf dem Laufsteg, Spiegel
  12. ^ Graham, Bill, Interview: ‘Killer Joe’ Stars Emile Hirsch and Gina Gershon on Getting Dirty, Single Takes and a Chicken Bone, Thought Catalog, 2012-07-25
  13. ^ O'Toole, Caitlin, 'I was too old!' Olivia Wilde, 32, reveals why she missed out on The Wolf of Wall Street role that went to Margot Robbie, Daily Mail, 2016-03-15
  14. ^ Brevet, Brad. What I Learned Listening to David Fincher's 'The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo' Commentary Archived 2013-12-11 at the Wayback Machine., Rope of Silicon, 2012-03-12
  15. ^ Rooney Mara Naked, Merkin Details For 'The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo', The Huffington Post, 2011-12-13
  16. ^ Merkin at AllMovie
  17. ^ Axmaker, Sean (22 January 2015). "Videophiled: 'Adua and Her Friends' and 'The Skin' – Survival, Italian Style - Cinephiled". Cinephiled. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to merkins at Wikimedia Commons
  •   The dictionary definition of merkin at Wiktionary