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Mengal (Balochi: مینگل ) is a Brahui tribe.

Contents

DemographyEdit

The estimated population of Mengal tribe is above 1 million. The Mengal tribal area is around 70,000 square miles (180,000 km2), stretching from the Helmand River in the North to Lasbela District in the south, and bordering on the province of Sindh to the east, Makran and Kharan in the west. Mengal tribe is divided in two major groups named Shahizai and Zagar. Shahizai Mengals are mostly living in Kalat, Khuzdar and Wadh whereas Zagar mengals are inhabitants of Quetta, Nushki, Daak, Kharan, Chagai and surrounding areas.

PoliticsEdit

For many years the Mengal tribe has been seeking greater autonomy from the Pakistan government.[1][2][3] The Pakistani government and the Mengals have been clashing for the past four decades, for various reasons.[4][5] Large-scale military operations were carried out in the area of Khuzdar in the 1960s and 1970s. In 1973, the Pakistani government headed by the former Prime Minister Late Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, with support of the Shah of Iran, carried out one of the bloodiest military operations in the history of Balochistan against the Mengal and Marri tribes which lasted for 5 years, during which around 8,000 Baloch fighters and 6,000 army soldiers were killed.

Prominent peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Balochistan tribes threaten Pakistan's gas riches Asia Times, Jul 25, 2002 Retrieved 25 November 2008
  2. ^ Explosive mix in Pakistan's gas province BBC News 4 February 2005. Retrieved 25 November 2008
  3. ^ A quick death The Economist Aug 31st 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2008
  4. ^ A Call to Resistance: The Khan of Kalat Gathers the Tribes Brooklynrail.org Retrieved 25 November 2008
  5. ^ Balochistan Militancy - An Insider's View Archived 2008-07-23 at the Wayback Machine. Rafi Bhatti January 17, 2006. Retrieved 25 November 2008
  6. ^ Nothing but provincial autonomy, The DAWN Group of Newspapers, archived from the original on 2008-08-11, retrieved 2009-03-25 
  7. ^ Taking on the State: Frontline March 09, 2007, Hindunet, archived from the original on 2007-10-20, retrieved 2008-11-25 
  8. ^ Justice Ghulam Mustafa Mengal was appointed as Chief Justice of Balochistan high court. Press briefing by the UN offices for Pakistan and Afghanistan, UN News Center, retrieved 2009-03-25 
  9. ^ Senators: Mir Muhammad Naseer Mengal, Pakistan Senate, archived from the original on 2007-12-09, retrieved 2009-03-26 
  10. ^ http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2007\11\11\story_11-11-2007_pg5_6
  11. ^ http://news.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/the-newspaper/front-page/bnpm-leader-shot-dead-in-kalat-400[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.page=2010\07\16\story_16-7-2010_pg1_4
  13. ^ Mir Lawang Khan, National Balochmedia Network, retrieved 2010-04-09 [permanent dead link]