National Assembly (Botswana)

  (Redirected from Member of Parliament (Botswana))

The National Assembly is the legislative body within Botswana's unicameral Parliament. It is advised by the Ntlo ya Dikgosi which is not a house of Parliament.[8]

The National Assembly of Botswana

Palamente ya Botswana
12th Parliament of Botswana
Coat of arms of Botswana.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
Founded1966
New session started
November 5, 2019 (2019-11-05)
Leadership
Phandu Skelemani, ex-officio[1]
Deputy Speaker
Pono Moatlhodi, BDP[2]
Leader of the House
Mokgweetsi Masisi, ex-officio
Leader of the Opposition
Government Whip
Liakat Kablay, BDP[5]
Opposition whip
Motsamai Motsamai, UDC[5]
Structure
Seats65
Botswana Parliament 2019.svg
Political groups
Government (47)
  •   Botswana Democratic Party (39)
  •   Specially elected (6)[6]
  •   Ex-officio (2)[7]

Official opposition (14)

Other (4)

Length of term
5 years
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
23 October 2019
Next election
2024
Motto
Pula
Meeting place
BotswanaParliament.jpg
National Assembly Chamber
Gaborone
South-East District
Website
parliament.gov.bw

The current National Assembly, formed following elections held on 23 October 2019, has a total of 65 members. 57 members are directly elected in single member constituencies using the simple-majority (or first-past-the-post) system for a term of five years. Six members are co-opted (by secret ballot of the rest of the Assembly) while the remaining two (the President and Attorney-general) are ex officio.

Current compositionEdit

Party Seats
Botswana Democratic Party 39
Specially elected MPs 6
President of Botswana 1
Attorney General 1
Umbrella for Democratic Change 14
Botswana Patriotic Front 3
Alliance for Progressives 1
Total 65

Previous National Assembly election resultsEdit

Political party Election year
1965 1969 1974 1979 1984 1989 1994 1999 2004 2009 2014 2019
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) 28 24 27 29 29 31 27 33 44 45 37 38
Botswana Movement for Democracy (BMD) 17
Botswana National Front (BNF) 3 2 2 4 3 13 6 12 6 15
Botswana People's Party (BPP) 3 3 2 1 1
Botswana Congress Party (BCP) 1 1 4 3
Botswana Independence Party (BIP) 1 1
Botswana Alliance Movement (BAM) 1
Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF) 3
Alliance for Progressives (AP) 1
Independents 1
Total 31 31 32 32 34 34 40 40 57 57 57 57

Note: In the pre-independence 1965 election, the Botswana Democratic Party was known as the Bechuanaland Democratic party and the Botswana People's Party was known as the Bechuanaland People's Party. The chart also does not include ex-officio and co-opted members.

Despite being a one party dominant state since independence, all elections held in the country have been considered democratic, free, and fair.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

Speaker Leader of opposition Leader of the house Constituencies Party whips

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Speaker". parliament.gov.bw. Parliament of Botswana. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  2. ^ Mompati Tlhankane. "Moatlhodi takes over as Deputy Speaker". mmegi.bw. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Leader of the House". parliament.gov.bw. Parliament of Botswana. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Leader of the Opposition". parliament.gov.bw. Parliament of Botswana. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Party Whips". parliament.gov.bw. Parliament of Botswana. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Masisi's SEMPs A Tough Assignment". Mmegi. The Monitor. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  7. ^ "FAQs". parliament.gov.bw. Parliament of Botswana. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  8. ^ Norton, Philip (2006-08-07). "How many bicameral legislatures are there?". The Journal of Legislative Studies. 10 (4): 1–9. doi:10.1080/1357233042000322436. S2CID 143950774.

Coordinates: 24°39′31″S 25°54′38″E / 24.65861°S 25.91056°E / -24.65861; 25.91056