Schlechtendalia chinensis

  (Redirected from Melaphis chinensis)

Schlechtendalia chinensis, the Chinese sumac aphid, is an aphid species, and the only species in the genus Schlechtendalia.[1]

Schlechtendalia chinensis
Scientific classification
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Genus:
Schlechtendalia

Lichtenstein, 1883
Species:
S. chinensis
Binomial name
Schlechtendalia chinensis
(Bell, 1851)
Synonyms

Abamalekia lazarewi
Aphis chinensis
Melaphis chinensis
Pemphigus sinensis
Schlechtendalia intermedia
Schlechtendalia mimifushi
Schlechtendalia mimmifushi
Schlechtendalia miyabei

The species produce galls on the Chinese sumac (Rhus chinensis). The gall is called Chinese gall, Galla Chinensis or wu bei zi (五倍子) in Chinese. It is rich in gallotannins, a type of hydrolysable tannins. The infestation by Chinese sumac aphids can lead to a gall which is valued as a commercial product. Chinese galls are used in Chinese medicine to treat coughs, diarrhea, night sweats, dysentery and to stop intestinal and uterine bleeding.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Colin Favret, et al, Aphid Species File, Accessed September 10, 2014
  2. ^ "Aphid", Henry G. Stroyan, McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 8th Edition, 1997, ISBN 0-07-911504-7

External linksEdit