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Mei Zhi (22 June 1914 – 8 October 2004) was a Chinese children's author and essayist.

Mei Zhi
梅志
Zhi Mei in 1933 with Hu Feng
Zhi Mei in 1933 with Hu Feng
BornTu Qihua (屠玘華)
(1914-06-22)22 June 1914
Nanchang, Jiangxi, Republic of China
Died8 October 2004(2004-10-08) (aged 90)
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Pen nameMei Zhi (梅志), Tu Qi (屠琪), Tu Ji (屠棘)
OccupationChildren's author, biographer, essayist, memoirist
NationalityChinese
EducationShanghai Peiming Girl's Middle School
Notable worksThe Tale of Little Red Riding Hood's Escape (小红帽脱险记)
Within High Walls (在高墙内)
Pepper is Red (花椒红了)
Spouse
Hu Feng
(m. 1933; died 1985)
Mei Zhi
Traditional Chinese

Contents

BiographyEdit

Mei Zhi was born in Nanchang, Jiangxi, the eldest daughter of three children. Mei joined the League of Left-Wing Writers in Shanghai in 1932.[1] She met another member of this group, Hu Feng, in 1933 when he returned after being deported from Japan and the two married at the end of the year. The two lived in Shanghai, where their home became a meeting place for other members of the League of Left-Wing Writers.[2] Mei published her first volume in 1934 titled Shoushang zhi ye(Chinese: 受伤之夜).[3]

During the Second Sino-Japanese War, Mei moved with her family first to Wuhan, then to Chongqing. Whilst they moved, Hu increased the number of publications of his literary magazine Qi Yue (Chinese: 七月), which Mei copy-edited.[2] Mei also edited the magazine Xiwang (Chinese: 希望).[1] In 1941, Mei fled with her family to Hong Kong, which soon fell to the Japanese, after which they went to Guilin. By 1946, the family reached Shanghai, where Mei stayed with their three children until 1949.[2]

ArrestEdit

In May 1955, both Mei and Hu were arrested for counter-revolutionary activities. Mei's alleged crime was that she had transcribed Hu's book Sanshi fangyan (Chinese: 三十方言). She was released in 1961 after the death of her mother, but was only permitted to visit Hu in prison in 1965.[2] Hu was released in late 1965 and was sent to live in Chengdu in early 1966, accompanied by Mei, under surveillance by the Sichuan Municipal Public Security Department. In August, with the onset of the Cultural Revolution, the two were taken to a prison camp that produced tea in Lushan County, Sichuan. Later, Hu was imprisoned, and frequently fell ill, thus Mei was taken to the prison at Dazhou and made to nurse him.[2]

RehabilitationEdit

In 1979, Mei was rehabilitated and allowed to return to Chengdu. In 1980, Mei was given official permission to take Hu to Beijing, in order to help his increasingly serious mental illness. Hu died in 1985, after which Mei wrote several memoirs detailing his experiences in prison.[2]

Mei joined the China Writers Association in 1982.[1]

Written worksEdit

Children's literatureEdit

  • 梅志童话诗集 [An Anthology of Mei Zhi's Children's Tales] (in Chinese). Hunan: Hunan Shaonian Ertong Chubanshe. 1984.
  • 中国童话百家:听来的童话 [Many Schools of Chinese Children's Stories: Tales I Heard] (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhongguo Shaonian Ertong Chubanshe. 1991.
  • 小麵人求仙紀 [Tale of Little Noodle Who Sought an Immortal] (in Chinese). Guilin: Guilin Sanhu Tushushe. 1943.

MemoirsEdit

  • F: Hu Feng's Prison Years. Translated by Gregor Benton. London: Verso. 2013. ISBN 978-1-84467-967-6.
  • 胡风沉冤录 [A Record of the Injustices against Hu Feng]. Beijing: Kexue Chubanshe. 1989.
  • 胡风传 [A Biography of Hu Feng] (in Chinese). Beijing: Beijing Shiyue Wenyi Chubanshe. 1998. ISBN 978-7-5302-0483-2.
  • 在高墙内 [Within High Walls] (in Chinese). Beijing: Gongren Chubanshe. 1989.
  • 伴囚记 [Record of Accompanying a Prisoner] (in Chinese). Beijing: Gongren Chubanshe. 1988.

LegacyEdit

Mei was portrayed by Yuan Quan in the 2014 film The Golden Era.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Chinese Writers Association. "梅志 (1914~2004)" [Mei Zhi]. Chinese Writers Association (in Chinese). Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Zhang 张, Xiaofeng 晓风 (12 March 2008). "张晓风:我的父亲母亲" [Zhang Xiaofeng: My father and mother]. Sina (in Chinese). Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  3. ^ "[童話作家] 梅志[中國]" [[Authors of children's stories] Mei Zhi [China]]. Read01 (in Chinese). 19 July 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  4. ^ "李辉:在冬天,怀念梅志" [Li Hui: In the winter, remember Mei Zhi]. Tencent Culture (in Chinese). 4 February 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2017.